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Dahlonega Mint

Students at North Georgia College practice military drill in front of the former Dahlonega Mint in 1877 or 1878. The college used the building from 1873 until it burned down in 1878.

The Dahlonega Mint was a former mint mark. That mint mark is used today by the Denver Mint, which opened many years after the Dahlonega Mint closed. All coins from the Dahlonega Mint are gold, in the $1, $2.50, $3, and $5 denominations, and bear dates in the range 1838–1861.

Contents

  • Creation 1
  • Production 2
  • The Civil War 3
  • Post Civil War 4
  • Gold dome 5
  • Superintendents 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Creation

The Mint Act of 1835, established by the [1]:107

Ignatius Alphonso Few, appointed commissioner, bought ten acres south of Dahlonega for $1,050 in August 1835, and hired the architect Benjamin Towns, the lowest bidder at $33,450, to construct the mint within eighteen months. Mint machinery was installed in 1837, which included "cutting presses, a fly wheel, a drawing frame, a crank shaft, a coining press, and eighteen annealing pans." The coining press could make "fifty to sixty gold coins per minute."[1]:107-108

Superintendent Dr. Joseph Singleton, opened the mint in February 1838. About a thousand ounces of gold were deposited in the first week, and the first coins consisting of eighty five-dollar gold pieces, were minted on 17 April.[1]:108

Production

Reverse of an 1843 half eagle struck at the Dahlonega Mint

The mint produced coins every year from 1838 through 1861. Denominations produced included $1.00; $2.50 (quarter eagles); $3.00 (1854 only); and $5.00 (half eagles).

The Civil War

When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, the Dahlonega Mint was seized by the Confederates. It is believed that after the Confederates took over the mint in 1861, that some gold dollars and half eagles were minted under the authority of the Confederate States Government. The exact number of 1861-D gold dollars produced is unknown, while approximately 1,597 1861-D half eagles were struck. Because of their relatively low mintage, all Dahlonega-minted gold coins are rare. It is generally accepted that gold coins estimated to exceed $6 million were minted here.

Post Civil War

After the end of the Civil War, The United States Government decided against reopening the mint for its purposes. The building was unused until the founding of destroyed the original building in December 1878. A new building for the college was erected on the foundations of the old mint building. This building is now named Price Memorial Hall after William P. Price, the founder of the college, and is still used by the college today.

Gold leaf from this area also covers the exterior of the domed roof over the state legislature's activities as what's going on "under the gold dome". After the capitol building was gold leafed citizens of Dahlonega began a campaign to gold leaf Price Memorial Hall after the same fashion as the capitol.

For other United States Mint facilities, see Historical United States Mints.

Gold dome

The gold dome of the Price Memorial building was completed in the early 1970s by a roofer named Doug Quinn, from Boston, Mass., who stayed at the local Cherokee Motel and Restaurant during construction.

Superintendents

Six men acted as Superintendent of the Dahlonega Mint.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Williams, David (1993). The Georgia Gold Rush: Twenty-Niners, Cherokees, and Gold Fever. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press.  
  2. ^ Lester, Carl N. "An Illustrated History of the Georgia Gold Rush and the United States Branch Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia". Gold Rush Gallery Inc. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 

Further reading

  • Georgia Historical Marker
  • Winter, Douglas "Gold Coins of the Dahlonega Mint" 1997. DWN Publishing

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • U.S. Mint
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