World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Dai Chuanzeng

Dai Chuanzeng (or Dai Chuan-ceng, 1921-1990, Simplified Chinese: 戴传曾), was a prominent Chinese nuclear physicist who did fundamental contributions to PR. China's nuclear research and industry.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Merits 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Life

Dai was born on 21 December 1921 in Dayan Village, Yin County (present Yinzhou District) of Ningbo, Zhejiang province. Dai graduated from the famous Xiaoshi High School (宁波效实中学) in Ningbo. Dai studied physics and graduated in 1942 from the National Southwestern Associated University (NSAU). Dai taught as an assistant at NSAU, Sun Yat-sen University and Tsinghua University. Dai topped (ranked first of totally 400) the Sino-British Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Scholarship Program.[1]

In 1947, Dai went to study in UK and received PhD from the University of Liverpool (advisor James Chadwick). In 1950s Dai went back to China (when Dai was abroad in UK, China already changed its regime from the Republic of China to the newly founded People's Republic of China). Dai was a researcher at the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in Beijing.

Dai was the Vice-president, President, Honorary-president of the China Institute of Atomic Energy (中国原子能研究院). Dai was a Deputy-director of the State Nuclear Safety and Environmental Control Committee. Dai was a director of the Chinese Nuclear Physics Society (中国核物理学会), an hononary-director of the Chinese Metrological Society (中国计量学会), and the deputy director-general of the Chinese Nuclear Power Society (中国核动力学会). Dai was a senior academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Dai died in Beijing on 18 November 1990.

Merits

Dai's early research focused on developing the nuclear detector of high accuracy, which is closely related to his doctoral study. He was a founding father of this field in China.

Dai's team built the first neutron crystal spectrometer, the first neutron diffractometer, the first zero-energy thermal reactor, the first neutron transmutation doping of monocrystalline silicon, first large-sized electromagnetic separator in China.

Dai is the father of Chinese nuclear microreactor, which made Chinese development of neclear-powered submarine become possible in 1960s and early 1970s (check Type 091).

References

  1. ^ 核能专家戴传曾(戴自立)

External links

  • Internet encyclopedia of Hudong.com Biography of Dai Chuan-Zeng
  • Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission Brief biography of Dai Chuan-Zeng
  • Dai Chuan-Zeng's profile at Huaxia.com
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.