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Daibutsu

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Title: Daibutsu  
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Subject: Kamagaya Great Buddha, Tōdai-ji, Kanjin, India–Japan relations, Nara period
Collection: Buddhist Sculpture, Colossal Buddha Statues, Japanese Sculpture, Sculptures in Japan
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Daibutsu

Daibutsu (大仏; kyūjitai: 大佛) or 'giant Buddha' is the Japanese term, often used informally, for large statues of Buddha. The oldest is that at Asuka-dera (609) and the best-known is that at Tōdai-ji in Nara (752). Tōdai-ji's daibutsu is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara and National Treasure.

Contents

  • Examples 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Examples

Image Name Buddha Size Date Municipality Prefecture Comments
Shōwa Daibutsu (昭和大仏)[1] 21.35 metres (70.0 ft) 1984 Aomori Aomori Prefecture
Ganmen Daibutsu (岩面大仏) 16.5 metres (54.1 ft) Hiraizumi Iwate Prefecture Low relief carving at Takkoku no Iwa (達谷窟)
Ushiku Daibutsu (牛久大仏)[2] Amida Nyorai 120 metres (393.7 ft) including base and lotus (20 metres (65.6 ft)) 1993 Ushiku Ibaraki Prefecture Japan's largest daibutsu
Nihon-ji Daibutsu (日本寺大仏)[3] Yakushi Nyorai 31.05 metres (101.9 ft) 1790 Kyonan Chiba Prefecture Carved in the 1780s and 90s by Jingoro Eirei Ono and his apprentices and restored to its present form in 1969. Japan's largest pre-modern (and largest stone-carved) daibutsu. The same site is also home to another large Buddha carving, the Hyakushaku Kannon
Kamagaya Daibutsu (鎌ヶ谷大仏) 2.3 metres (7.5 ft), including base (0.5 metres (1.6 ft)) 1776 Kamagaya Chiba Prefecture Japan's smallest daibutsu
Former Ueno Daibutsu (上野大仏)[4] Shaka Nyorai 1631 Taitō Tokyo Heavily damaged in the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake and melted down for the war effort
Tokyo Daibutsu (東京大仏)[5] 13 metres (42.7 ft) including base 1977 Itabashi Tokyo Weighs thirty tons; at Jōren-ji (乗蓮寺); erected in expiation of the Great Kantō earthquake and the war
Kamakura Daibutsu (鎌倉大仏)[6] Amida Nyorai 13.35 metres (43.8 ft) 1252 Kamakura Kanagawa Prefecture Subject of the poem The Buddha at Kamakura by Rudyard Kipling; National Treasure
Takaoka Daibutsu (高岡大仏) Amida Nyorai 15.85 metres (52.0 ft) 1981 Takaoka Toyama Prefecture At Daibutsu-ji (大佛寺)
Echizen Daibutsu (越前大仏)[7] 17 metres (55.8 ft) Katsuyama Fukui Prefecture
Gifu Daibutsu (岐阜大仏)[8] Shaka Nyorai 13.63 metres (44.7 ft) 1828 Gifu Gifu Prefecture
Former Hōkō-ji Daibutsu 1660s Kyoto Kyoto Prefecture Sketch of c.1691 by Engelbert Kaempfer
Nara Daibutsu (奈良大仏)[9] Vairocana 14.98 metres (49.1 ft) 752 Nara Nara Prefecture Restored several times; part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site: Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara; National Treasure
Asuka Daibutsu (飛鳥大仏)[10][11] Shaka Nyorai 2.75 metres (9.0 ft) 609 Asuka Nara Prefecture Japan's oldest daibutsu and Buddhist statue, restored; Important Cultural Property
Former Hyōgo Daibutsu (兵庫大仏)[12] 1891 Kobe Hyōgo Prefecture At Nōfuku-ji (能福寺); melted down in 1944 for the war effort and since replaced

See also

References

  1. ^ "Shōwa Daibutsu".  
  2. ^ "Ushiku Daibutsu".  
  3. ^ "Nihonji Daibutsu". Nihon-ji. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Ueno Daibutsu".  
  5. ^ "Tokyo Daibutsu".  
  6. ^ "Database of National Cultural Properties".  
  7. ^ Katsuyama History "Katsuyama Profile" .  
  8. ^ Gifu Shouhouji Daibutsu "Gifu Shouhouji Daibutsu (Great Buddha)" .  
  9. ^ "Database of National Cultural Properties".  
  10. ^ "Sandaibutsu".  
  11. ^ "Database of National Cultural Properties".  
  12. ^ "Daibutsu Hyogo". Nagasaki University Library. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 

External links

  • Photographs and information on famous Daibutsu
  • New York Public Library Digital Gallery, early photograph of Kamakura Daibutsu from rear
  • New York Public Library Digital Gallery, early photograph of Hyōgo Daibutsu
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