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Delaware Township, New Jersey

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Delaware Township, New Jersey

Delaware Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Delaware

Map of Delaware Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.

Census Bureau map of Delaware Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey

Coordinates: 40°26′30″N 74°57′29″W / 40.441616°N 74.957987°W / 40.441616; -74.957987Coordinates: 40°26′30″N 74°57′29″W / 40.441616°N 74.957987°W / 40.441616; -74.957987[1][2]

Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 2, 1838
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Donald F. Scholl (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Judith A. Allen[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 37.022 sq mi (95.887 km2)
 • Land 36.637 sq mi (94.889 km2)
 • Water 0.385 sq mi (0.997 km2)  1.04%
Area rank 65th of 566 in state
3rd of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 371 ft (113 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,563
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 4,496
 • Rank 394th of 566 in state
10th of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 124.5/sq mi (48.1/km2)
 • Density rank 532nd of 566 in state
25th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08822 - Flemington[12]
08557 - Sergeantsville[13]
08559 - Stockton[14]
Area code(s) 609, 908
FIPS code 3401917170[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882182[17][2]
Website

Delaware Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. Part of the township is on the Hunterdon Plateau, while the southern portions are in the Amwell Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,563,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 85 (+1.9%) from the 4,478 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 34 (-0.8%) from the 4,512 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] The historic community of Sergeantsville is located within Delaware Township, as is the Unincorporated community of Raven Rock. Other communities within the township are Croton, Locktown, Rosemont and Sand Brook.

Delaware was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 2, 1838, from a portion of a larger municipality then known as Amwell Township (now defunct).[19] Historian and cartographer John P. Snyder has erroneously stated that a referendum was held on that date, but there was in fact no referendum and the people of Amwell knew nothing about the division until after the Legislature passed the bill.[20] A portion of the township was taken to form Stockton borough (April 14, 1898).[19]

The township was first settled in the early 18th century by Colonel John Reading (1657–1717), who was instrumental in the creation of Amwell Township in 1708 and also worked for the creation of Hunterdon County in 1714. The Township adjoins the Delaware River on the southwestern portion of Hunterdon County. The state's lone surving historic covered bridge crosses the Wickecheoke Creek between Sergeantsville and Rosemont. The Delaware and Raritan Canal parallels the Delaware River along the southern border of the township. Sergeantsville is at the township's center and includes the municipal building, local public school and Post Office. A "Thanksgiving in the Country" offers a tour of notable homes in Sergeantsville, which raises funds for the Facial Reconstruction Unit of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.[21]

Geography

Delaware Township is located at 40°26′30″N 74°57′29″W / 40.441616°N 74.957987°W / 40.441616; -74.957987 (40.441616,-74.957987). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 37.022 square miles (95.887 km2), of which, 36.637 square miles (94.889 km2) of it is land and 0.385 square miles (0.997 km2) of it (1.04%) is water.[1][2]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,305
18502,55410.8%
18602,83811.1%
18702,9594.3%
18803,0924.5%
18903,037−1.8%
19001,953*−35.7%
19101,740−10.9%
19201,705−2.0%
19301,704−0.1%
19401,7563.1%
19502,03115.7%
19602,48522.4%
19703,24930.7%
19803,81617.5%
19904,51218.2%
20004,478−0.8%
20104,5631.9%
Est. 20124,496[10]−1.5%
Population sources:
1840-1920[22] 1840[23] 1850-1870[24]
1850[25] 1870[26] 1880-1890[27]
1890-1910[28] 1910-1930[29]
1930-1990[30] 2000[31][32] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[19]

Census 2010

Template:USCensusDemographics

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $87,100 (with a margin of error of +/- $15,616) and the median family income was $102,481 (+/- $27,024). Males had a median income of $82,586 (+/- $14,105) versus $47,404 (+/- $12,866) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,700 (+/- $4,857). About 0.6% of families and 0.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.[33]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 4,478 people, 1,643 households, and 1,302 families residing in the township. The population density was 121.9 people per square mile (47.1/km²). There were 1,701 housing units at an average density of 46.3 per square mile (17.9/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.70% White, 0.40% African American, 0.04% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.[31][32]

There were 1,643 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.3% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.06.[31][32]

In the township the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.3 males.[31][32]

The median income for a household in the township was $80,756, and the median income for a family was $90,842. Males had a median income of $61,701 versus $48,780 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,285. 3.4% of the population and 2.3% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 1.2% are under the age of 18 and 12.2% are 65 or older.[31][32]

Government

Local government

Delaware Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Delaware Township Committee are Mayor Roger Locandro, Jr. (term ends December 31, 2012), Deputy Mayor Donald F. Scholl, Jr. (2013), Roger Locandro (2015), Susan D. Lockwood (2014), Kristin McCarthy (2014) and Kenneth J. Novak (2015).[21][34]

Federal, state and county representation

Delaware Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[35] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[8][36][37] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Delaware Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[38] Prior to the 2010 Census, Delaware Township had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[38]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[39] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark)[40] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[41][42]

The 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Somerville) and in the General Assembly by Jack Ciattarelli (R, Hillsborough Township) and Donna Simon (R, Readington Township). [43] Peter J. Biondi won re-election to an eighth term in the Assembly but died days after the November 2011 election.[44] Simon was selected as his replacement by a Republican Party convention of district delegates and was sworn in on January 30, 2012.[45] The remaining year on his seat will be filled in a November 2012 special election. The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[48] As of 2013, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert G. Walton (Hampton, 2014),[49] Freeholder Deputy Director J. Matthew Holt (Clinton Town, 2015),[50] John King (Raritan Township, 2015), George B. Melick (Tewksbury Township, 2013)[51] and William G. Mennen (Tewksbury Township, 2013).[52].[53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (Flemington, 2014),[54] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (Alexandria Township, 2013)[55] Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (Kingwood Township, 2013).[56][57]

Politics

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,558 registered voters in Delaware Township, of which 811 (22.8%) were registered as Democrats, 1,512 (42.5%) were registered as Republicans and 1,232 (34.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[58]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 54.0% of the vote here (1,579 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 43.8% (1,279 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (43 votes), among the 2,922 ballots cast by the township's 3,599 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.2%.[59] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 57.3% of the vote here (1,671 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 42.2% (1,229 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (35 votes), among the 2,915 ballots cast by the township's 3,459 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 84.3.[60]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.7% of the vote here (1,382 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 29.3% (667 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.9% (179 votes) and other candidates with 1.0% (22 votes), among the 2,277 ballots cast by the township's 3,546 registered voters, yielding a 64.2% turnout.[61]

Surrounding communities

Transportation

State and U.S. routes that pass through include Route 12, Route 29 and U.S. Route 202 (including part of the New Hope-Lambertville Toll Bridge).

County routes that traverse the municipality are CR 519, CR 523, CR 579 (which runs along the border between Raritan), and CR 604.

Interstate 78 is outside the township in neighboring Franklin Township.

Education

The Delaware Township School District serves students in grades pre-kindergarten through grade eight, with an enrollment of 452 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[62] The school is located on a site covering 26 acres (11 ha) adjacent to the community of Sergeantsville and 3 miles (4.8 km) from the Delaware River.

Students in grade 9 - 12 attend the Hunterdon Central High School, part of the Hunterdon Central Regional High School District, which serves students in central Hunterdon County from Delaware Township, East Amwell Township, Flemington Borough, Raritan Township and Readington Township.[63]

Notable people

Notable current and former residents of Delaware Township include:

References

External links

  • Delaware Township website
  • Hunterdon County web page for Delaware Township
  • Delaware Township School
  • New Jersey Department of Education
  • National Center for Education Statistics
  • Hunterdon Central Regional High School District
  • The Delaware Township Post - Community Commentary about life in Delaware Township
  • Lumberville-Raven Rock bridge article at the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission website
  • Sergeantsville Volunteer Fire Company, Delaware Township, NJ
  • Thanksgiving in the Country - an annual tour of Sergeantsville's historic homes
  • Hunterdon Land Trust Alliance
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