Demographics of Maldives

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Maldives, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.


Demography

The Maldives had one of the highest birth rates in the world. The result is that many islands have become overpopulated and are completely covered by homesteads. Hence the country is becoming less self-sufficient by the day.

Vital statistics

UN estimates [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 3 000 2 000 1 000 43.2 27.7 15.5 6.03 233.4
1955-1960 4 000 2 000 2 000 53.0 28.2 24.8 6.81 221.6
1960-1965 5 000 3 000 3 000 55.0 27.2 27.9 7.12 205.5
1965-1970 6 000 3 000 3 000 52.2 23.4 28.8 7.22 175.5
1970-1975 6 000 2 000 4 000 47.4 19.3 28.1 7.17 146.5
1975-1980 6 000 2 000 4 000 44.1 15.7 28.3 6.86 121.5
1980-1985 8 000 2 000 6 000 47.8 12.7 35.1 7.26 97.2
1985-1990 9 000 2 000 7 000 45.4 10.5 34.8 6.81 77.1
1990-1995 8 000 2 000 6 000 35.6 8.0 27.6 5.25 62.5
1995-2000 7 000 1 000 5 000 25.1 5.5 19.6 3.52 41.7
2000-2005 6 000 1 000 4 000 19.7 4.1 15.6 2.49 26.5
2005-2010 5 000 1 000 4 000 17.2 3.7 13.5 1.90 9.8
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Registered births and deaths [2]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1975 136 5 002 1 386 3 616 36.8 10.2 26.6
1976 140 5 232 1 565 3 667 37.4 11.2 26.2
1977 144 6 131 1 652 4 479 42.7 11.5 31.2
1978 148 5 667 1 971 3 696 38.4 13.4 25.0
1979 152 6 308 2 044 4 264 41.5 13.5 28.1
1980 157 6 822 1 787 5 035 43.6 11.4 32.1
1981 162 7 010 1 963 5 047 43.3 12.1 31.2
1982 168 7 402 2 129 5 273 44.1 12.7 31.4
1983 174 7 236 1 748 5 488 41.6 10.1 31.6
1984 180 8 255 1 640 6 615 45.8 9.1 36.7
1985 187 8 968 1 607 7 361 48.0 8.6 39.4
1986 193 8 615 1 511 7 104 44.6 7.8 36.8
1987 200 8 364 1 525 6 839 41.8 7.6 34.2
1988 207 8 297 1 526 6 771 40.2 7.4 32.8
1989 213 8 726 1 476 7 250 41.0 6.9 34.0
1990 219 8 639 1 355 7 284 39.4 6.2 33.2
1991 226 8 390 1 366 7 024 37.2 6.1 31.1
1992 232 8 139 1 330 6 809 35.1 5.7 29.4
1993 238 7 780 1 319 6 461 32.7 5.6 27.2
1994 243 7 382 1 240 6 142 30.3 5.1 25.2
1995 249 6 849 1 151 5 698 27.5 4.6 22.9
1996 254 6 772 1 213 5 559 26.7 4.8 21.9
1997 259 6 184 1 175 5 009 23.9 4.5 19.3
1998 264 5 687 1 121 4 566 21.6 4.2 17.3
1999 269 5 225 1 037 4 188 19.5 3.9 15.6
2000 273 5 399 1 032 4 367 19.8 3.8 16.0
2001 278 4 897 1 081 3 816 17.6 3.9 13.7
2002 282 5 003 1 113 3 890 17.7 3.9 13.8
2003 287 5 157 1 030 4 127 18.0 3.6 14.4
2004 291 5 220 1 015 4 205 17.9 3.5 14.5
2005 295 5 543 1 027 4 516 18.8 3.5 15.3
2006 299 5 829 1 083 4 746 19.5 3.6 15.9
2007 304 6 569 1 118 5 451 21.6 3.7 18.0
2008 308 6 946 1 061 5 885 22.6 3.4 19.1
2009 312 7 323 1 158 6 165 23.5 3.7 19.8
2010 316 7 115 1 105 6 010 22.5 3.5 19.0

Ethnic groups

The largest ethnic group are Dhivehis, native to the historic region of the Maldive Islands comprising today's Republic of Maldives and the island of Minicoy in Union territory of Lakshadweep, India. They share the same culture and speak the Dhivehi language. They are principally an Indo-Aryan people, closely related to the Sinhalese having traces of Arab, Malay, South Indian and African genes in the population.

In the past there was also a small population known as the Giraavaru people. This group have now been almost completely absorbed into the larger Maldivian society but were once native to the island of Giraavaru (Kaafu Atoll).

Languages

Dhivehi or Maldivian, a language closely related to Sinhala and written in a specialized Arabic script (Tāna), is the official language and is spoken by virtually the whole population. English is also spoken as a second language by many.

Religion

Originally the Maldivians were Buddhists who converted to Sunni Islam in the mid-12th century. Sunni Islam is now the only accepted religion, though there are small numbers of others, particularly Buddhist workers from Sri Lanka and Hindus from India. There are also 300 Christians.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

301,475 (July 2000 est.) - 369,031 (July 2007 est.) [3]

Age structure

  • 0–14 years: 22.3% (male 45,038/female 43,291)
  • 15–64 years: 73.8% (male 180,874/female 171,703)
  • 65 years and over: 3.9% (male 7,711/female 7,717) (2010 est.)

Sex ratio

  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
  • 15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.09 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.05 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

  • total population: 62.2 years (2000 est.) - 64.76 years (2007 est.)
  • male: 61.05 years (2000 est.) - 63.41 years (2007 est.)
  • female: 63.4 years (2000 est.) - 66.19 years (2007 est.)

Nationality

  • noun: Maldivian(s)
  • adjective: Maldivian

Literacy

  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 96.3%
  • male: 96.2%
  • female: 96.4% (2000 census)

Education

The average Maldivian citizen has 4.7 years of education[4]

References

  • H.C.P. Bell, The Maldive Islands, An account of the physical features, History, Inhabitants, Productions and Trade. Colombo 1883, ISBN 81-206-1222-1
  • Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5

Template:Maldives topics

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