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Dimitrios Kallergis

Kallergis in Paris in 1865, photographed by André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri.

Dimitrios Kallergis (Greek: Δημήτριος Καλλέργης; 1803 – 8 April 1867) was a fighter of the Greek War of Independence, major general, politician and one of the most important protagonists of the 3rd September 1843 Revolution.


  • Life 1
    • Early life 1.1
    • Greek War of Independence 1.2
    • After Independence 1.3
  • References 2


Early life

Kallergis was born in 1803 in Crete.[1] Hailing from the distinguished Cretan Kallergis family, a historic family of Mylopotamos, the roots of which lay in the Byzantine Empire and which had risen to prominence under the Venetian domination of the island. He was left fatherless at an early age and he was sent to Russia to the care of the Tsar's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Count Nesselrode, who appears in some sources is mentioned as his uncle.[1] After completing his general studies he went to Vienna in order to study medicine.[1] On the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence went to the Morea and joined the insurgents.

Greek War of Independence

on 19 January 1822 he disembarked with his relatives, Emmanuel and Nikolaos Kallergis, and the officer Valianos in Hydra bringing with them ammunitions, whose worth was 100.000 rubles and a recommendation letter of bishop Ignatius Oungrovlachias.[2]

During the summer of 1825 he took on along with his compatriot Emmanuel Antoniadis the leadership of the campaign in Crete. On 2 August, 200 revolutionaries occupied the

  1. ^ a b c d Dimitris Fotiadis, Όθωνας - Η μοναρχία, Κυψέλη, Athens 1963, p. 291.
  2. ^ Dionysios Kokkinos, Η Ελληνική Επανάστασις, Μέλισσα, Athens 1974, 6th edition, vol. 2, p. 473.
  3. ^ Apostolos E. Vakalopoulos, Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού, vol. 7, Thessaloniki 1986, p. 166 - 168, 381 - 382.
  4. ^ Apostolos E. Vakalopoulos, vol. 7, Thessaloniki 1986, p. 166 - 168.
  5. ^ Dimitris Fotiadis, Όθωνας - Η μοναρχία, Κυψέλη, Athens 1963, p. 291
  6. ^ Apostolos E. Vakalopoulos, Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού, vol. 7, Thessaloniki 1986, p. 664
  7. ^ Apostolos E. Vakalopoulos, Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού, vol. 7, Thessaloniki 1986, p. 726
  8. ^ Dionysios Sourmelis, Ιστορία των Αθηνών κατά τον υπέρ ελευθερίας αγώνα, 2nd edition, Athens, 1853, p. 216
  9. ^ Apostolos E. Vakalopoulos, Ιστορία του Νέου Ελληνισμού, vol. 7, Thessaloniki 1986, p. 750
  10. ^ Μεγάλη Στρατιωτική και Ναυτική Εγκυκλοπαιδεία, vol. 4, Athens, 1929, p. 24.
  11. ^ Eleni Gardika-Katsiadaki, Ο ρόλος της Διάσκεψης του Λονδίνου στην πτώση του Αυγουστίνου Καποδίστρια, περιοδικό Μνήμων, Society for the Study of Modern Hellenism, 1985, vol. 10, p. 254
  12. ^ G. Benekou, Κωλέτης - Ο πατέρας των πολιτικών μας ηθών, Κυψέλη, Athens 1961, p. 183
  13. ^ a b G. Benekou, Κωλέτης - Ο πατέρας των πολιτικών μας ηθών, Κυψέλη, Athens 1961, p. 221
  14. ^ a b Μεγάλη Στρατιωτική και Ναυτική Εγκυκλοπαιδεία, vol. 4, 1929, p. 25
  15. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, Εκδοτική Αθηνών, Athens, 1975, vol. 13, p. 55
  16. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol. 13, p. 148, 165
  17. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol. 13, p. 148
  18. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol. 13, p. 166
  19. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol.13, p. 246
  20. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol.13, p. 251
  21. ^ Μεγάλη Στρατιωτική και Ναυτική Εγκυκλοπαιδεία, vol. 4, 1929, p. 25
  22. ^ Ιστορία Ελληνικού Έθνους, 1975, vol. 13, p. 278
  23. ^ Bank of Greece. Drachma Banknotes & Coins: 50 drachmas. – Retrieved on 27 March 2009.


Kallergis was depicted on the reverse of the Greek 50 drachmas commemorative coin issued in 1994 for the 150th anniversary of the first Greek Constitution.[23]

In January 1867 he was appointed as Ambassador of Greece to the United States but during the trip he fell ill in Paris and returned to Athens, where he died on 8 April 1867 of hemiplegia.[22]

[21], but in September he refused the post because of health problems.Cretan Revolt In the summer of the same year he was elected by the Cretans as leader of the [20] In 1866 he participated in the two-day government of

When he was minister, Kallergis formed for the first time in Greece a fire brigade. In September 1855, a serious episode of Kallergis with the royal couple entailed the fall of Mavrokordatos’ government.[18]

In 1848 he made an abortive descent on the Greek coast, in the hope of launching a revolution in the Greek kingdom. He was captured, but soon released and, after a stay in the island of Zante, went to Paris (1853). In 1854, during the Crimean War, he served as Minister of Military Affairs in the Alexandros Mavrokordatos cabinet—imposed by the British and French, and hence called “Ministry of Occupation” by the Greeks. Until Mavrokordatos’ arrival, Kallergis exercised authority as dictator,[16] with the full support of the French occupation troops. This particular government recalled all the Greek officers who participated in the anti-Ottoman revolutionary movements in Thessaly, Epirus and Macedonia to return to Greece while by personal requirement of Kallergis, Otto's adjutants—Gennaios Kolokotronis, Spyromilios, Ioannis Mamouris and Gardikiotis Grivas—were dismissed, while while the hitherto Minister of Military Affairs, Skarlatos Soutsos, was suspended.[17]

In 1843, as colonel of the cavalry,[13] he was a leading figure of the 3 September 1843 Revolution against Otto which forced the king to dismiss his Bavarian ministers and grant a constitution. He was appointed military commandant of Athens, promoted to Major General and aide de camp to the king. In 1845 he was dismissed by the army and withdrew from Greece, occasioned by an incident between him and Queen Amalia. He went to London, where he became friend with Louis Napoleon, nephew of Napoleon I and later Emperor of the French, which he followed later in Paris and so he became follower of the French policy.[14]

Kallergis in military uniform as a Major General

At the same time, he followed a military career as an officer in the regular army[13] while he was actively involved in the political issues of that period, first as a follower of the Russian party and then of the French party.[14] In 1834, during the Bavarian regency and the Kolettis’ government he was imprisoned as a supporter of the Russian party, whose significant members had made at that time various uprisings in the Greek territory.[15]

[12].Ioannis Kolettis’ forces were defeated by the troops of Nikitaras and in March in the battle of Loutraki where his and [11] and he actively participated in the civil conflicts of the time. During January 1832 he fought as a cavalry officer in the battles in ArgosAugustinos Kapodistrias After the governor’s assassination he had sided with [10] During the government of

After Independence

On January 30, 1827 he took part in the victorious battle of Kastella where he had significant contribution and on February 20 he defended strongly the area of the Three Towers, which was eventually conquered by the Ottomans but she had suffered several losses.[7] He was captured by the enemy forces during the disastrous for the Greek troops battle of Phaleron, where he was leader of the Cretan fighters.[8] Finally, he was released after paying a large sum of money from his family but during his captivity, his one ear was amputated.[9]

[6] against Thebes (it was sent as reinforcement by Karaiskakis).Colonel Fabvier In October 1826 he participated in the failed attack of [5]

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