World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Doljani massacre

Article Id: WHEBN0022559465
Reproduction Date:

Title: Doljani massacre  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Doljani massacre

Doljani massacre
Location the villages of Doljani and Sovići, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Date 17 April 1993
Target Bosniaks
Perpetrators Croatian Defence Council (HVO), Croatian Army (HV)

The Doljani massacre also known as the Sovići massacre was a war crime committed on Bosniaks by Croatian Defence Forces (HVO) on 17 April 1993, and afterwards in the villages of Doljani and Sovići.[1]

According to ICTY judgment in Naletilić-Martinović case Croat forces attacked the villages of Doljani and Sovići, about 50 kilometers north of Mostar in the morning on April 17, 1993. The attack was part of a larger Croatian Defence Forces offensive aimed at taking Jablanica, the main Bosnian Muslim dominated town in the area. The HVO commanders had calculated that they needed two days to take Jablanica. The location of Sovići was of strategic significance for the HVO as it was on the way to Jablanica. For the Bosnian Army it was a gateway to the plateau of Risovac, which could create conditions for further progression towards the Adriatic coast.[2]

The larger HVO offensive on Jablanica had already started on April 15, 1993. The artillery destroyed the upper part of Sovići. The Bosnian Army fought back, but at about 5 p.m., the Bosnian Army commander in Sovići surrendered, along with pproximately 70 to 75 soldiers. Also, at least 400 Bosnian Muslim civilians were detained and the HVO's advance towards Jablanica was halted after a cease-fire agreement had been negotiated.[2]

A number of captured Bosniaks were tortured and killed by Kažnjenička Bojna, a unit known by its cruelty against Bosniaks. It was commanded by Mladen Naletilić "Tuta". Those who were not killed were transported to the Heliodrom concentration camp [3] or other camps such as the one in Ljubuški.[4] According to the Croatian Archive that was used in ICTY trials, after the conflict stopped all Bosnian-Muslim houses were burned and two mosques were torn down in accordance with the orders that the Croatian forces received from their commanders.[5]

References

External links

  • ICTY: Naletilić and Matinović verdict (English)
  • Sense Tribunal - ICTY: Witness of Crimes in Sovici and Ljubuski (English)
  • Sense Tribunal - ICTY: Witness Was “Beaten Senseless” (English)
  • Sense Tribunal - ICTY: Time of Brigandry and Rifts (English)
  • Sense Tribunal - MKSJ: Okrutnost dojučerašnjih komšija (Bosnian)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.