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Domaine de la Romanée-Conti

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Domaine de la Romanée-Conti

Domaine de la Romanée-Conti
Location Vosne-Romanée, France
Appellation Vosne-Romanée
Founded 1869
First vintage 1232
Key people Aubert de Villaine, Henri-Frédéric Roch (co-owners), Jacques-Marie Duvault-Blochet
Known for La Romanée-Conti, La Tâche
Varietals Pinot noir, Chardonnay
Romanée-Conti vineyard

Domaine de la Romanée-Conti, often abbreviated to DRC, is an estate in Burgundy, France that produces white and red wine. It is widely considered among the world's greatest wine producers, and DRC bottles are among the world's most expensive. It takes its name from the domaine's most famous vineyard, Romanée-Conti.

History

In 1232, the Abbey of Saint Vivant in Vosne acquired 1.8 hectares of vineyard. In 1631 it was bought by the de Croonembourg family, who renamed it Romanée for reasons unknown. At the same time they acquired the adjacent vineyard of La Tâche.

In 1760, André de Croonembourg decided to sell the domaine and it became the subject of a bidding war between Madame de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV of France, and her bitter enemy Louis François Ier de Bourbon, prince de Conti. The prince won, paying the massive sum of 8000 livres, and the vineyard became known as Romanée-Conti. But come the Revolution, the prince's land was seized and auctioned off.

The Romanée-Conti vineyard was bought by Nicolas Defer de la Nouerre, who in 1819 sold it to Julien Ouvrard for 78,000 francs. In 1869 it was bought by Jacques-Marie Duvault-Blochet, who went on to build the domaine we know today with the acquisition of the holdings in Échezeaux, Grands Échezeaux and Richebourg.

The 9.43 hectares of Romanée Saint-Vivant were bought in 1791 by Nicolas-Joseph Marey, son-in-law of the geometer Gaspard Monge. The Marey-Monge family sold off part of their holdings to the Latour family in 1898, leased the remaining 5.28 hectares to Domaine de la Romanée-Conti in 1966, and finally sold to the domaine in 1988. This last deal was financed by the sale and leaseback of the domaine's holdings in Échezeaux and some in Grands Échezeaux.

As one of Napoleon's generals, Louis Liger-Belair was well placed to acquire good vineyards. And from 1815 this he did - with his son Louis-Charles, he amassed 40 hectares of prime land, including all of La Tâche. By 1933 this had declined to 24 hectares and family squabbles over an inheritance led to the Liger-Belair's sale of La Tâche to the domaine. The domaine already owned 4 hectares of the adjacent Les Gaudichots vineyard from the Duvault-Blochet days, and after much legal wrangling in 1936 this and La Tâche, were combined into a single Grand cru monopole of La Tâche.

Vineyards

A vineyard worker manually tills the soil of Romanée-Conti grand cru.
Grape Selection at Romanée-Conti

The vineyards are grouped around the village of Vosne-Romanée, on well drained slopes facing east and south-east. The soil is iron-rich limestone on a base of rock and marl, with vines lying around 800 ft (240 m) above sea level. The average age of the vines is very high - around 44 years - and the vineyards are cultivated organically.

Soil supplements are limited to compost made from crushed vine roots, grape skins and residues from fermentation. To avoid compacting the soil with the use of tractors, horses were re-introduced to cultivate the vineyards of Romanée-Conti and Le Montrachet. Five hectares in La Tâche and Grands Échezeaux are now being cultivated biodynamically whereby the individual vines are treated with special natural preparations and according to a strict lunar timetable. Yields are very low at an average of 25 hl/ha (the Grand Cru rendement is 35 hl/ha). In other words, it takes the produce of three vines to produce one bottle of Domaine de la Romanée-Conti. Yields are kept low through severe pruning early in the season, and green pruning (éclaircissage/vendange en vert) in July/August, with a 'passage de nettoyage' completed immediately before harvest, to cut out substandard grapes. At harvest time, the grapes are sorted into small baskets and individually examined for health on triage tables, before the winemaking begins.

Of its two most sought after red wines a wine writer has stated: "Romanée-Conti and La Tache are masterpieces of equilibrium, associating the masculine and feminine characteristics in order to transcend them in a powerful and racy elixir. These wines reflect to perfection the aroma and tastes of the ripe fruit of old vines and the character of terroir. They attain such a perfection that one could not succeed in identifying the new wood in their complex structure."[1]

Romanée-Conti

Limestone vineyard marker for Romanée-Conti.
  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 1.8 hectares (4.4 acres) (monopole)
  • Average age of vines: 53 years
  • Average production: 450 cases
Of its flagship wine produced from the Romanée-Conti vineyard, the wine critic Clive Coates has stated,

La Tâche

DRC La Tâche labels from 2005, 2006 and 2007.
  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 6.06 hectares (15.0 acres) (monopole)
  • Average age of vines: 47 years
  • Average production: 1,870 cases

Old bottles of Les Gaudichots can also be found and sell for vast prices, such as US$ 88,125 for a case of the 1929 vintage.[3]

Richebourg

  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 3.51 hectares (8.7 acres)
  • Average age of vines: 42 years
  • Average production: 1,000 cases

Romanée-St-Vivant

  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 5.28 hectares (13.0 acres)
  • Average age of vines: 34 years
  • Average production: 1,500 cases

Grands Échezeaux

  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 3.52 hectares (8.7 acres)
  • Average age of vines: 52 years
  • Average production: 1,150 cases

Échezeaux

  • Grape variety: Pinot noir
  • Vineyard holding: 4.67 hectares (11.5 acres)
  • Average age of vines: 32 years
  • Average production: 1,340 cases

Montrachet

  • Grape variety: Chardonnay
  • Vineyard holding: 0.67 hectares (1.7 acres)
  • Average age of vines: 62 years
  • Average production: 250 cases

Viticulture and winemaking

The Domaine has its private supply of oak from the Troncais forests. 100% new oak is used and maturation time depends on the quality of the vintage.

There is no filtration and if racking off the lees is required this is done by gravity from cask to cask, never pumped. If the wines need to be fined, then fresh eggs are used. The wines spend sixteen to twenty months in wood before bottling. Both assemblage and bottling are done by gravity and usually cask by cask.

Numbering of cases

Original wood cases of DRC have an 8-digit number on them. E.g. 1020-05-05. The first 4 digits define the wine: 1010 for Romanée Conti, 1020 for La Tache, 1030 for Richebourg, 1040 Romanée St. Vivant, 1050 Grands Echézeaux, 1060 Echézeaux, 1070 Montrachet, 1099 Assortiment, 10II Vosne Romanée 1er Cru. The fifth and sixth digits define the vintage. The last two digits define the bottle size, 01 meaning 0,75l, 03 meaning 1,5l, 04 meaning 3,0l, 05 meaning 6,0l. Accordingly, the example means a 6l bottle (methuselah) of La Tache of the 2005 vintage.

References

  1. ^ Bourgogne Rouge by Mark Savage, 1988, Librairie grund, p46
  2. ^ Coates, Clive (1997). Côte d'Or. University of California Press. p. 596.  
  3. ^ Goldberg, Howard, Decanter.com (June 7, 2004). Christie's Duke sale makes three times estimate

Further reading

  • Goode, Jamie, wineanorak.com (February 17, 2005). "Domaine de la Romanée-Conti 2002". 
  • Crum, Gert (2006). Le Domaine De La Romanee-Conti. Uitgeverij Lannoo NV. ISBN 90-209-5899-2
  • Hanson, Anthony (2004). Burgundy. Mitchell Beazley. pp. 310–313. ISBN 1-84000-913-6

External links

  • Domaine de la Romanée-Conti official site
  • Online sale of Romanée Conti

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