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Douglass, Kansas

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Douglass, Kansas

Douglass, Kansas
City
Location within Butler County and Kansas
Location within Butler County and Kansas
KDOT map of Butler County (legend)
KDOT map of Butler County (legend)
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Kansas
County Butler
Established 1869
Government
 • Mayor Larry Ramsey
Area[1]
 • Total 1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)
 • Land 1.08 sq mi (2.80 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,211 ft (369 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,700
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,703
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (610/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67039
Area code 316
FIPS code 20-18400 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0481864 [5]
Website CityOfDouglassKS.com

Douglass is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,700.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
    • 19th century 1.1
    • 21st century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • 2010 census 3.1
    • 2000 census 3.2
  • See also 4
  • Further reading 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

19th century

The first settlement was made at Douglass in 1869.[7] Douglass is named for its founder, Joseph W. Douglass, a storeowner who was fatally shot at the town site in 1873 while apprehending a suspected thief.[8][9] Douglass was incorporated as a city of the third class in 1879.[10]

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, in 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City.[11] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942.[12] The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.8 miles west of Douglass, north to south through Butler County.[13]

Geography

Douglass is located at (37.516802, -97.011705).[14] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.08 square miles (2.80 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Douglass has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[15]

Demographics

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,700 people, 625 households, and 452 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,574.1 inhabitants per square mile (607.8/km2). There were 689 housing units at an average density of 638.0 per square mile (246.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 625 households of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.7% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18.

The median age in the city was 33.6 years. 29.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,813 people, 658 households, and 492 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,198.4 people per square mile (853.7/km²). There were 733 housing units at an average density of 888.8 per square mile (345.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.25% White, 0.28% African American, 1.60% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 658 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.1% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.5% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,833, and the median income for a family was $49,875. Males had a median income of $37,000 versus $25,938 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,965. About 4.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.7% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 541. 
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 108. 
  9. ^ Mooney, Vol. P. (1916). History of Butler County Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 119. 
  10. ^ Mooney, Vol. P. (1916). History of Butler County Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 116. 
  11. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  12. ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
  13. ^ TransCanada inspecting pipelineKeystone Pipeline - ; December 10, 2010
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Douglass, Kansas
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links

City
  • City of Douglass
  • Douglass - Directory of Public Officials
Schools
  • USD 396, local school district
Historical
  • Answering the Call - Hometown Help on YouTube, from Hatteberg's People on KAKE TV news
Maps
  • Douglass City Map, KDOT
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