Dutch Flanders

Zeeuws-Vlaanderen
Region

Flag
Country Netherlands
Province Zeeland
Municipalities Sluis
Terneuzen
Hulst
Area
 • Land 733.19 km2 (283.09 sq mi)
 • Water 142.61 km2 (55.06 sq mi)
Population (31-12-2010) 106.522
Major roads N58, N60, N61, N62 (Western Scheldt Tunnel)

Zeelandic Flanders (Belgium.

Geography

Zeelandic Flanders is the north-eastern part of the large historical region of Flanders which today lies mostly in Belgium. It shares a land border with the Belgian provinces of East and West Flanders. It is a latitudinally oriented strip of land along the Western Scheldt, a North Sea estuary, and has no land access with the rest of the Netherlands. The area of Zeelandic Netherlands is 876 km2 (338 sq mi) of which 733 km2 (283 sq mi) is land and 143 km2 (55 sq mi) is water.

The region is bordered by the Zwin nature reserve in the West and the Drowned Land of Saeftinghe in the East.

Since local government boundary reforms in 2003, Zeelandic Flanders has consisted of only three municipalities: Sluis in the west, Terneuzen in the centre and Hulst in the east.

Transport

Zeelandic Flanders is connected to Flushing on Walcheren to the north of the Western Scheldt by the Western Scheldt Tunnel and the ferry it replaced which is now for pedestrians and cyclists. A ferry that formerly ran from Perkpolder to Kruiningen in South Beveland was discontinued upon opening of the tunnel.

The Ghent-Terneuzen Canal passes through Zeelandic Flanders.

History

Except for some formerly insular areas, the region now called Zeelandic Flanders was not part of the historical County of Zeeland, but a part of the County of Flanders initially ruled by the House of Habsburg. The region was front line in the Eighty Years' War and was conquered by the Dutch Republic near the end of the war. As such, it was the only part of Flanders, which took part in the insurgency, to become part of the new republic.

Zeelandic Flanders was subsequently ruled directly by the Dutch States-General (parliament) as one of the Generality Lands and called Flanders of the States (Staats-Vlaanderen). After occupation by the French in 1795, the area accrued to the département of Escaut. Before the formation of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815, Zeelandic Flanders was territory of the Dutch province of North Brabant for a few years, but when the present province Zeeland was formed Zeelandic Flanders became a part of it, even after the 1830 Belgian Revolution that separated the remainder of Dutch Flanders from the Netherlands.

Population

As of 2010, the population of Zeelandic Flanders was 106,522 with 145 per square kilometre (380 /sq mi).

Language

The native dialect of the western part of the region is Zeelandic Flemish or also called Seelandish, a variety of West Flemish. In the central regions, the Land-van-Axels and Land-van-Cadzands dialects of Zeelandic, itself a transition between West Flemish and Hollandic, are spoken. In the eastern part, East Flemish with some Brabantian influence is spoken. Because some smaller areas were isolated by water, and thus being small islands there are some dialects that differ slightly with the 'normal' dialect. This way, some villages have their own dialect, which people from the provinces above the 'big rivers' (the Waal and the Lek) can't understand. The provinces above the big rivers include the provinces of North-Holland, South-Holland, Utrecht and Gelderland.

Notable people

See also

Coordinates: 51°20′N 3°49′E / 51.333°N 3.817°E / 51.333; 3.817

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