World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Early Lý dynasty

Article Id: WHEBN0025496773
Reproduction Date:

Title: Early Lý dynasty  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Vietnam, List of wars involving Vietnam, Second Chinese domination of Vietnam, Third Chinese domination of Vietnam, Timeline of Vietnamese history
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Early Lý dynasty

Early Lý Dynasty
Nhà Tiền Lý

544–602
Capital Long Biên
Government Monarchy
Emperor
 -  544–548 Lý Nam Đế (first)
 -  571–602 Hậu Lý Nam Đế (last)
History
 -  Lý Bí proclaimed himself emperor 544
 -  Surrender of Hậu Lý Nam Đế 602

The Early Lý Dynasty (Vietnamese: nhà Tiền Lý) was a dynasty of Vietnam dating from 544 to 602. Its founder, Lý Nam Đế (Lý Bí) (r. 544–548) is traditionally counted the first emperor of Vietnam, as signified by the throne name ending with "Đế," (literally "Lý South Emperor"). The capital at that time was Long Biên and the country was known as Vạn Xuân.

This dynasty is to be distinguished from the main Lý Dynasty, or Later Lý Dynasty, (nhà Hậu Lý) 1009–1225 founded by Lý Thái Tổ.

Political resistance

The sixth century was an important stage in the Vietnamese political evolution toward independence. During this period, the Vietnamese aristocracy became increasingly independent of Chinese authority, while retaining Chinese political and cultural forms. At the same time, indigenous leaders arose who claimed power based on Vietnamese traditions of kingship. A series of failed revolts in the late sixth and early seventh centuries increased the Vietnamese national consciousness. Lý Bí (Lý Nam Đế), the leader of a successful revolt in 543 against the Long Biên.[11] Lý Bí was killed in 547, but his followers kept the revolt alive for another fifty years, establishing what is sometimes referred to in Vietnamese history as the Earlier Lý Dynasty.

While the Lý family retreated to the mountains and attempted to rule in the style of their Chinese overlords, a rebel leader who based his rule on an indigenous form of kingship arose in the Red River Delta. Triệu Quang Phục made his headquarters on an island in a vast swamp.[12] From this refuge, he could strike without warning, seizing supplies from the Liang army and then slipping back into the labyrinthine channels of the swamp. Despite the initial success of such guerrilla tactics, by which he gained control over the Red River Delta, Triệu Quang Phục was defeated by 570. According to a much later Vietnamese revolutionary, General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese concepts of protracted warfare were born in the surprise offensives, night attacks, and hit-and-run tactics employed by Triệu Quang Phục.

Anterior Lý Dynasty

Regal Titles

Notes

  1. ^ Taylor (1983), p. 135
  2. ^ Walker (2012), p. 134 East Asia: A New History, p. 134, at Google Books
  3. ^ Catino (2010), p. 142 The Aggressors: Ho Chi Minh, North Vietnam, and the Communist Bloc, p. 142, at Google Books
  4. ^ Kohn (2006), p. 308 Dictionary of Wars, p. 320, at Google Books
  5. ^ Coedès (1966), p. 45 The Making of South East Asia, p. 45, at Google Books
  6. ^ Coedès (1966), p. 46 The Making of South East Asia, p. 46, at Google Books
  7. ^ Lockhart (2010), p. 221 The A to Z of Vietnam, p. 221, at Google Books
  8. ^ Lockhart (2010), p. 221 The A to Z of Vietnam, p. 221, at Google Books
  9. ^ West (2009), p. 870 Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, p. 870, at Google Books
  10. ^ Taylor (1991), p. 155 The Birth of Vietnam, p. 155, at Google Books
  11. ^ Tucker, p. 8
  12. ^ Tucker, p. 9
  13. ^ Spencer Tucker Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: a political, social, and military History Volume 1 Oxford University Press. Page 393 - 1998 " Founder of the early Lý dynasty, Ly Bôn was born into a wealthy family in Long Hưng District, Thái Bình Province. Bon was an official for the Chinese colonial administration ruling Vietnam. A talented individual, he left government service to prepare for an uprising that forced the Chinese governor out of Vietnam. Bon took Thăng Long (Hà Nội) and built a new independent state named Vạn Xuân (Ten Thousand Years of Spring)."

References

  • Taylor, Keith Weller. (1983). The Birth of Vietnam (illustrated, reprint ed.). University of California Press. ISBN . Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  • Tucker, Spencer C. Vietnam. University Press of Kentucky, Feb 25, 1999 - 256 pages
Preceded by
Second Chinese domination
Dynasty of Vietnam
544–602
Succeeded by
Third Chinese domination
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.