Economy of Pennsylvania

This article is about the U.S. state. For other uses, see Pennsylvania (disambiguation).
"PA" redirects here. For other uses, see Pa.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): Keystone State; Quaker State;
Coal State; Oil State; State of Independence
Motto(s): Virtue, Liberty and Independence
Official language
None (English, de facto)
Spoken languages English 90.1%
Spanish 4.1%
Other 5.8%[1]
Demonym Pennsylvanian
Capital Harrisburg
Largest city Philadelphia
Largest metro Delaware Valley
Area Ranked 33rd
 - Total 46,055 sq mi
(119,283 km2)
 - Width 280 miles (455 km)
 - Length 160 miles (255 km)
 - % water 2.7
 - Latitude 39° 43′ to 42° 16′ N
 - Longitude 74° 41′ to 80° 31′ W
Population Ranked 6th
 - Total 12,763,536 (2012 est)[2]
 - Density 284/sq mi  (110/km2)
Ranked 9th
 - Median household income US$48,562 (26th)
Elevation
 - Highest point Mount Davis[3][4]
3,213 ft (979 m)
 - Mean 1,100 ft  (340 m)
 - Lowest point Delaware River at Delaware border[3]
sea level
Before statehood Province of Pennsylvania
Admission to Union December 12, 1787 (2nd)
Governor Tom Corbett (R)
Lieutenant Governor Jim Cawley (R)
Legislature General Assembly
 - Upper house State Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Bob Casey, Jr. (D)
Pat Toomey (R)
U.S. House delegation 13 Republicans, 5 Democrats (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
Abbreviations PA, Pa. or Penna. US-PA
Website
Pennsylvania State symbols
Bird(s) Ruffed Grouse
Fish Brook Trout
Flower(s) Mountain Laurel
Insect Firefly
Mammal(s) White-tailed deer
Tree Eastern Hemlock
Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Polka
Fossil Trilobite
Soil Hazleton
Song(s) Pennsylvania
Route marker(s)
State Quarter
Released in 1999
Lists of United States state symbols