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Edinburgh Festival

Royal Mile street performance

The Edinburgh Festival is a collective term for many Global Cultural Districts Network.

The original, and still the largest, component festivals are the Edinburgh International Festival (EIF) and the Edinburgh Festival Fringe (The Fringe); the latter is in its own right larger than any other similar event in the world.

Contents

  • History 1
  • The festivals 2
  • Notes and references 3
  • External links 4

History

Sign on the city boundary

The Edinburgh International Festival was established in 1947 in a post-war effort to "provide a platform for the flowering of the human spirit".[1] That same year, eight theatrical companies "gatecrashed" the official Festival by organising their own event, outside the official auspices of the EIF; this started the movement which grew into the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, also referred to as the Edinburgh Fringe, the Fringe, or (incorrectly) the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.[2]

The EIF and the Fringe remain independent bodies and run separate programmes each year. In more recent years various other annual cultural festivals have been created in Edinburgh, again by separate organisations, though taking place at around the same time.

The festivals

The Royal Mile where performers "on the Fringe" showcase their talents
Cast members publicising a Fringe production of Shakespeare's Macbeth
The Pleasance venue

Listed in order of foundation; * = member of the umbrella body Festivals Edinburgh:

The following festival also occurs in Edinburgh during August, but is an industry gathering – it does not offer events open to the public:

Notes and references

  1. ^ History of the Festival
  2. ^ Edinburgh Festival Fringe website
  3. ^ Fringe Facts. edfringe: Official site of the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, 2005. Accessed June 26, 2005.
  4. ^ Moving times at EIFF

External links

  • Edinburgh Festivals a guide to 12 of the festivals that take place in Edinburgh
  • EdinburghFestivalGuide.co.uk a comprehensive listing of all (small and large) Edinburgh festivals
  • Edinburgh Festivals at DMOZ
  • Edinburgh Festival Guide
  • A History of the Edinburgh Festivals
  • Edinburgh Festival Classroom resources
  • National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE (selection of archive films about the Edinburgh Festival)


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