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Elections in Taiwan

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Elections in Taiwan

This article is about the elections in Taiwan. For the article about the elections in Mainland China after 1949, administered by the People's Republic of China, see Elections in the People's Republic of China.

After 1949 when the Government of the Republic of China moved to Taipei, the Republic of China (ROC) elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. Prior to 2007, the Legislative Yuan (Lifa Yuan 立法院) had 225 members, 168 members elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies, 8 members representing the aboriginals, 41 members elected by proportional representation and 8 members representing the overseas Chinese elected by proportional representation. Amid 70% public support, the Legislative Yuan voted 217-1 on August 23, 2004 for a package of amendments to:

  • halve the number of seats from 225 to 113
  • switch to a single-member district parallel voting electoral system
  • increase the terms of members from 3 to 4 years, to synchronize the legislative and presidential elections. (It is unclear whether this will be implemented for the next presidential and legislative elections with small parties opposing the move, because it would reduce their chances of getting better results)

The new electoral system will include 73 plurality seats (one for each electoral district), 6 seats for aboriginals, with the remaining 34 seats to be filled from party lists. Every county has a minimum of 1 electoral district, thereby guaranteed at least one seat in the legislature, while party lists for the proportionally represented seats must be half women. Members for this 34 party lists seats shall be elected from the lists of political parties in proportion to the number of votes won by each party that obtains at least 5 percent of the total vote on the Free Area of the Republic of China (中華民國自由地區).

The ROC has a multi-party system, but there are only a few major parties organized into two factions: the Pan-Blue Coalition and the Pan-Green Coalition.

Schedule

Election

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Type Legislative Yuan (January)
Presidential (March)
None Local (November) None Legislative Yuan (January)
Presidential (March)
None Local (November)
President and Vice President President and Vice President None President and Vice President None
Legislative Yuan All seats None All seats None
Provinces, cities and municipalities None All positions None All positions

Inauguration

Position 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Type Legislative Yuan (February)
Presidential (May)
None Local (December) None Legislative Yuan (February)
Presidential (May)
None Local (December)
President and Vice President 20 May None 20 May None
Legislative Yuan 1 February None 1 February None
Provinces, cities and municipalities None 25 December None 25 December

Latest elections

2012 Presidential election

Template:ROC presidential election, 2012

2012 Legislative election

Main article: Republic of China legislative election, 2012

Template:ROC legislative election, 2012

2008 Presidential election

e • d Summary of the 22 March 2008 Republic of China presidential election results
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Kuomintang Vincent Siew Wan-chang 7,659,014 58.45%

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Democratic Progressive Party Frank Hsieh Chang-ting Su Tseng-chang 5,444,949 41.55%

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Total 13,103,963 100.00%

2008 Legislative election

 Summary of the Republic of China Legislative Yuan elections, 2008[1]
Parties Constituency and
Aboriginal
Party list Total seats
Votes  % +/−[2] Seats Votes  % Seats Outgoing  % Incoming  % +/−[2]
   Kuomintang registration 5,291,512 53.5 +20.7 61 5,010,801 51.2 20 90 40.0 81 71.7 +31.7
     Kuomintang 54 17 85 71
     Template:PFP/logo People First Party co-nomination[3] 5 3 - 8
     Template:New Party Taiwan/logo New Party endorsement[4] 2 - 5 2
Template:NPSU/logo Non-Partisan Solidarity Union[5] 239,317 2.4 -1.2 3 68,527 0.7 0 8 3.6 3 2.7 -0.9
Template:PFP/logo People First Party[3] 28,254 0.3 -13.3 1 - - - 20 8.9 1 0.9 -8.0
Template:New Party Taiwan/logo New Party[4] - - (-0.1) - 386,660 4.0 0 - - 0 0 -
Pan-Blue coalition[6] 5,559,083 56.2 +5.7 65 5,465,988 55.9 20 118 52.4 85 75.2 +22.8
   Democratic Progressive Party 3,775,352 38.2 +2.5 13 3,610,106 36.9 14 90 40.0 27 23.9 -16.1
Template:TSU/logo Taiwan Solidarity Union 93,840 0.9 -6.9 0 344,887 3.5 0 7 3.1 0 0 -3.1
Template:Taiwan Constitution Association/logo Taiwan Constitution Association 3,926 <0.1 0 30,315 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pan-Green coalition 3,863,118 39.1 -4.4 13 3,954,993 40.7 14 97 43.1 27 23.9 -19.2
   Template:Taiwan Home Party/logo Home Party 6,355 <0.1 0 77,870 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0
Template:Green Party Taiwan/logo Green Party Taiwan 14,767 0.1 0 58,473 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Taiwan Farmers' Party 8,681 <0.1 0 57,144 0.6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Civil Party 6,562 <0.1 0 48,192 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0
Third Society Party 10,057 0.1 0 45,594 0.5 0 1 0.4 0 0 -0.4
Template:Hakka Party/logo Hakka Party 8,860 <0.1 0 42,004 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0
Template:IND-TW/logo Independents[6] 393,346 4.0 -1.9 1 - - - 1 0.4 1 0.9 +0.5
Vacant - - - - - - - 8 3.6 - - -
Total[7] 10,050,619 - - - 10,076,239 - - 225 100 113 100 -

2005 National Assembly election

e • d Summary of the 14 May 2005 Republic of China National Assembly election results
Parties Votes Percentage (%) Seats
Parties in favor of the amendments 249
Democratic Progressive Party 1,647,791 42.52

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127
Kuomintang 1,508,384 38.92

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117
___ Chinese People's Party 41,940 1.08

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3
___ Peasant Party 15,516 0.40

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1
___ Civil Party 8,609 0.22

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1
Parties not in favor of the amendments 51
Template:TSU/logo Taiwan Solidarity Union 273,147 7.05

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21
Template:PFP/logo People First Party 236,716 6.11

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18
___ 150 persons union led by Jhang Ya Jhong 65,081 1.68

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5
Template:New Party Taiwan/logo New Party 34,253 0.88

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3
Template:NPSU/logo Non-Partisan Solidarity Union 25,162 0.65

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2
Template:TWIP/logo Taiwan Independence Party 11,500 0.30

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1
___ 20 persons union led by Wang Ting Sing 7,499 0.19

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1
Total (turnout ) 300

Past elections

NB: Does not include the 1948 election held in the Republic of China before the fall of mainland China to the communist government of the People's Republic of China. The terms of those elected from mainland seats lasted until December 31, 1991.

Party elections

See also

External links

  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • ROC Central Election Commission
  • Constitution of the Republic of China (english)
  • List of the seven revisions of the Republic of China COnstitution (english)
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