World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Empress Ma (Hongwu)

Article Id: WHEBN0033559623
Reproduction Date:

Title: Empress Ma (Hongwu)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Yongle Emperor, Empress Ma (Jianwen), Xu Fan
Collection: 1332 Births, 1382 Deaths, 14Th-Century Women, Ming Dynasty Empresses
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Empress Ma (Hongwu)

Empress Xiaoci

Empress Ma, formally Empress Xiaocigao (1332–1382) was a Chinese Empress consort of the Ming Dynasty, married to the Hongwu Emperor.



This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the 中文 WorldHeritage.
Chinese royalty
Preceded by
Empress Gi
Empress of China
Succeeded by
Empress Xiaominrang
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.