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Esquesing Township, Ontario

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Title: Esquesing Township, Ontario  
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Esquesing Township, Ontario

Not to be confused with Haldon Hills.
Halton Hills
Official logo of Halton Hills
Motto: Hereditas Integritas Veritas (Latin: Heritage, integrity, truth)
Halton Hills
Halton Hills
Location of Halton Hills in Ontario

Coordinates: 43°37′37″N 79°57′5″W / 43.62694°N 79.95139°W / 43.62694; -79.95139Coordinates: 43°37′37″N 79°57′5″W / 43.62694°N 79.95139°W / 43.62694; -79.95139

Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Halton
Incorporated 1974
 • Mayor Rick Bonnette
 • Federal riding Wellington—Halton Hills
 • Prov. riding Wellington—Halton Hills
 • Land 276.26 km2 (106.66 sq mi)
 • Urban 39.52 km2 (15.26 sq mi)
 • Rural 236.74 km2 (91.41 sq mi)
Highest elevation[1] 411 m (1,348 ft)
Lowest elevation[2] 197 m (646 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Town 59,008
 • Density 213.60/km2 (553.2/sq mi)
 • Urban 49,854
 • Urban density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Rural 9,154
 • Rural density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 905, 289 and 365
NTS Map 030M12

Halton Hills is a town in the Regional Municipality of Halton, west of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located within the Greater Toronto Area.

Halton Hills was established in 1974 through the amalgamation of the former Towns of Georgetown and Acton, together with much of the former Township of Esquesing, and a small portion of the Town of Oakville lying north of Highway 401. There are a number of hamlets and rural clusters within the Town, including Ashgrove, Ballinafad (straddling the boundary with Erin), Bannockburn, Crewsons Corners (straddling the boundary with Erin, Guelph-Eramosa and Milton), Glen Williams, Henderson's Corners, Hornby, Limehouse, Mansewood, Norval, Scotch Block, Silver Creek, Speyside, Stewarttown, Terra Cotta (straddling the boundary with Caledon), and Wildwood.

There are also natural features within these bounds, including the Niagara Escarpment, and the Bruce Trail. Many of these local features are protected by the Conservation Halton, Credit Valley Conservation & Grand River Conservation Authority.


The Town is divided into four wards, each of which elects two local councillors. Two regional councillors are also elected - one from Wards 1 and 2 (i.e., the area that was in the former Town of Acton and the former Township of Esquesing), and one from Wards 3 and 4 (i.e., the area in the former Town of Georgetown). The Mayor is elected at large. The Mayor and the regional councillors represent the Town at the council meetings of the Regional Municipality of Halton.

The current membership of the Town council is as follows:

Position Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4
Mayor Rick Bonnette
Regional Councillor Clark Somerville Jane Fogal
Local Councillor Jon Hurst Bryan Lewis Moya Johnson Bob Inglis
Mike O'Leary Joan Robson David Kentner Ann Lawlor

The libraries in the Town are managed by the Halton Hills Public Library Board.


Type Halton District School Board Halton Catholic District School Board Independent
Secondary school
Primary school
  • Bruce Trail Public School
  • Centennial Public School
  • Gardiner Public School
  • George Kennedy Public School
  • Glen Williams Public School
  • Harrison Public School
  • Joseph Gibbons Public School
  • Limehouse Public School
  • McKenzie-Smith Bennett Public School
  • Park Public School
  • Pineview Public School
  • Robert Little Public School
  • Silver Creek Public School
  • Stewarttown Middle School
  • Holy Cross
  • St. Brigid
  • St. Catherine of Alexandria
  • St. Francis of Assisi
  • St. Joseph
  • Halton Hills Christian School


In 1975, the Lord Lyon King of Arms awarded arms to the Town, followed by the grant of a badge in 1984. Both were subsequently registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority in 2005. They are specifically described as follows:[3]

  • Arms: Per pale, dexter Or two bendlets wavy Sable, sinister Azure two escarpes wavy Argent, a chief per fess dancetty Azure and Argent, overall a white pine tree (Pinus strobus) proper;
  • Motto: Hereditas Integritas Veritas (Latin: Heritage, integrity, truth)
  • Badge: On an oval Azure a white pine tree Argent within a wreath of five oak leaves alternating with five papyrus leaves Or.


Halton Hills is covered by the following local newspapers and online media:

  • Georgetown Independent
  • Acton Free Press
  • The Acton New Tanner
  • The Halton Compass
  • Halton Herald

In addition, the transmitter for clear channel radio station CFZM is located in Hornby.


Black Creek
Basin 79.28 km2 (31 sq mi)
Discharge 37|45|N|80|0|37|W| name=


 - average 0.231 m3/s (8 cu ft/s)
 - max 0.353 m3/s (12 cu ft/s)
 - min 0.142 m3/s (5 cu ft/s)
Credit River, West Branch
Basin 127.00 km2 (49 sq mi)
Discharge 38|47|N|79|51|58|W| name=


 - average 1.33 m3/s (47 cu ft/s)
 - max 2.06 m3/s (73 cu ft/s)
 - min 0.683 m3/s (24 cu ft/s)

The Town is bisected by the Niagara Escarpment from southwest to northeast, and a significant portion of the rural area is located within the provincial Greenbelt. Above the Escarpment, a large proportion of the rural area is classified as environmentally sensitive wetlands, and there are several sites that are licensed for aggregate extraction, for which expansion requires detailed environmental assessment.[4] Below the Escarpment, the rural area is mainly agricultural, with the exception of an industrial area currently being development between Highway 401 and Steeles Avenue.

The Town also forms part of three watersheds:

The Water Survey of Canada operates two hydrometric monitoring stations in the Town, on the Black Creek below Acton,[8] and at Norval on the Credit River.[9]


Halton Hills is located in the transition zone between the Huron-Ontario Forest Section of the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence forest zone to the north and the Niagara Section of the Carolinian forest zone to the south. Both forest zones are part of the Mixedwood Plains Ecozone. The natural vegetation in the Huron-Ontario Section is dominated by mixed wood forests. It is a transitional type between the southern deciduous forests and the northern coniferous forests. The forest communities of the Niagara Section are dominated by broad-leaved trees. Overall, Halton Hills consists predominantly of agricultural lands with scattered woodlands and wetlands. The woodlands are mainly deciduous forest and the wetlands are either cedar swamp or cattail marsh.[10]

Endangered and threatened species

American ginseng exists in the Town, and is protected under the Endangered Species Act, 2007. Butternut trees are also threatened by the butternut canker. The Hooded Warbler and the Jefferson salamander are also designated as threatened species.

Brook trout had been eliminated from the Black Creek watershed for many years, following an environmental disaster south of Acton in March 1946. The trout have sinced returned, and anglers report that fishing is good.[11]


The physiography[12] and distribution of surface material[13] in the Town of Halton Hills are the result of glacial activity which took place in the Late Wisconsinan Substage of the Pleistocene Epoch. This period of time, which lasted from approximately 23,000 to 10,000 years ago, was marked by the repeated advance and melting back of massive, continental ice sheets.

The Niagara Escarpment dominates the physiography of the town and greatly influenced the pattern of glaciation in the region. The Escarpment, formed by erosion over millions of years, is a high relief bedrock scarp which trends to the north through the central part of the town. To the west, on the upper surface of the Escarpment, hummocky morainic ridges deposited by glacial ice form part of the Horseshoe Moraines physiographic region. To the southeast below the Escarpment, is a smooth glacial till plain partially bevelled by lacustrine action, which forms part of the South Slope and Peel Plain physiographic regions.

The Town of Halton Hills is underlain by Ordovician shales of the Queenston Formation east of the Niagara Escarpment, and by Silurian dolostones of the Amabel Formation west of the Escarpment. The Escarpment face exposes a complex succession of shales, sandstones, limestones and dolostones of the Clinton and Cataract Groups. Red shales of the Queenston Formation underlie the eastern half of the town and are generally covered by more than 15 m of glacial sediments, predominantly the Halton Till. There are several areas of thin drift cover south of Georgetown.

The Town is located in an area that is considered to be of low seismic potential, and the largest recent earthquake to take place within its limits was of magnitude 3 on 29 June 1955.[14] There is a POLARIS seismic monitoring station located just west of Acton.[15][16]


Halton Hills has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

The Town has two distinct climate zones:[17]

  • Zone 5a - north of the Niagara Escarpment
  • Zone 5b - south of the Escarpment

Environment Canada operates one climate monitoring station in the Town at Georgetown.


The town has four main roads:


  • connecting Acton and Georgetown
  • between Milton and Brampton


  • between Acton and Milton
  • between Ballinafad and Oakville

Bus service is provided by GO Transit along Highway 7 on its Georgetown line corridor. Via Rail and GO Train service are provided at Georgetown GO Station.

The Grand Trunk Railway brought train service to the area in 1856, with stations at Acton and Georgetown. Passenger service to Acton ceased in the 1990s, but GO Train service is planned to be revived there in 2013.[19]

Rail freight service is also provided by Canadian National on its Halton Subdivision from Georgetown southwest through Milton to Burlington.[20] CN's Guelph Subdivision between Georgetown and London is currently managed by Goderich–Exeter Railway.

From 1917 to 1931, Norval, Georgetown and Acton were also served by the Toronto Suburban Railway.[21]


On August 1, 2013, Toronto Premium Outlets, the first Premium Outlets Center in Canada, opened for business.[22]


Visible Minorities and Aboriginals
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
Aboriginal 480 0.9 205 0.4 140 0.3
Visible Minority 2,235 4.1 1,625 3.4 1,195 2.8
All other 52,305 95.0 46,155 96.2 40,910 96.9
Total 55,020 100.0 47,985 100.0 42,245 100.0
Population by mother tongue
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
English 50,525 86.0 47,765 86.8 42,305 88.2 37,425 88.6
French 1,270 2.2 1,025 1.9 1,035 2.2 750 1.8
English and French 170 0.3 75 0.1 45 - 90 0.2
All other 6,305 10.7 6,155 11.2 4,590 9.6 3,980 9.4
Total 58,725 100.0 55,020 100.0 47,985 100.0 42,245 100.0

(Other languages, 2011: Polish 1.4%, Portuguese 1.3%, Italian 1.1%, German 1.0%)

Mobility over previous five years
Group 2011 Census 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population  % of total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total Population  % of Total
At the same address 30,270 58.9 25,135 56.4 22,370 57.4
In the same municipality 8,480 16.5 17,540 39.3 7,175 18.4
In the same province 11,180 21.7 8,285 21.2
From another province 765 1.5 1,920 4.3 735 1.9
From another country 720 1.4 430 1.1
Total aged 5 or over 51,420 100.0 44,595 100.0 39,000 100.0

See also


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