Ethnic groups in Iraq

Further information: Iraqi people

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Iraq, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The 2009 IMF population estimate of Iraq is 31,234,000.[1]

Background

Iraq is the region known outside the Islamic world as Mesopotamia, the population estimate in 1920 was 3 million. The ruins of Ur, Babylon, and other ancient cities are situated in Iraq, as is the legendary location of the Garden of Eden. Almost 75% of Iraq's population lives in the flat, alluvial plain stretching southeast from Tikrit to the Persian Gulf. The Tigris and the Euphrates carry about 70 million cubic meters of silt annually from this plain down to the delta. The water from these two great rivers, and the fertility of the soil in the alluvial plain and the delta allowed early agriculture to sustain a stable population as far back as the 7th millennium BC.

Population

31,234,000.[1] (April 2009 IMF est.)

Vital statistics

UN estimates[2]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 327 000 158 000 169 000 53.2 25.8 27.5 7.30 197.6
1955-1960 297 000 133 000 164 000 42.6 19.1 23.5 6.20 152.9
1960-1965 343 000 122 000 221 000 43.3 15.4 27.9 6.60 120.7
1965-1970 430 000 121 000 309 000 46.5 13.1 33.4 7.40 96.0
1970-1975 475 000 121 000 354 000 43.6 11.1 32.5 7.15 76.4
1975-1980 526 000 124 000 402 000 41.2 9.8 31.5 6.80 60.4
1980-1985 571 000 185 000 387 000 39.1 12.6 26.5 6.35 48.9
1985-1990 638 000 132 000 505 000 38.8 8.0 30.8 6.15 41.8
1990-1995 719 000 105 000 614 000 38.2 5.6 32.6 5.80 43.4
1995-2000 836 000 119 000 717 000 37.9 5.4 32.5 5.40 38.1
2000-2005 960 000 144 000 816 000 37.5 5.6 31.9 5.12 35.9
2005-2010 1 079 000 187 000 892 000 36.6 6.3 30.2 4.86 34.6
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Ethnic groups

Iraq's dominant ethnic group are the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs, who account for around three-quarters of the population. They are a fusion of old Mesopotamian, Arabian, Iranian, and other populations, who now speak Mesopotamian Arabic.

Iraqi Arabs 75%, Kurds 17%, Turkmen 3%, Assyrians 2%, Persians 2%,
Other 1% [3] (Armenians , Chechens, Circassians, Egyptians, Palestinians, Shabaks).

Languages

Arabic, Kurdish, Aramaic, Turkmen, Persian

Arabic is the official language of Iraq, and is spoken or understood by almost all the population. Iraq has a unique dialect of Arabic which is rich with Aramaic features.

Kurdish is the largest minority language, and has regional language status in Iraqi Kurdistan. Aramaic, once spoken by the whole country, is now only spoken by the Assyrian minority.

Azerbaijani is spoken in pockets of northern Iraq, and Persian is spoken in pockets of southern Iraq. Numerous languages of the Caucasus are also spoken by minorities across the country.

Religions

Islam 97% (Shi'a 65%, Sunni 35%), Christianity, Mandaeism and other 3%.

Demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age structure

0-17 years: 37.6% (male 5,959,562/ female 5,751,970)
18-34 years: 59.3% (male 9,355,176/ female 9,094,953)
35-65 years and over: 3% (male 376,700; female 423,295) (2006 est.)

Median age

total: 21.3 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.4 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate

2.29% (2013 est.)

Crude birth rate

27.51 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Crude death rate

4.65 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.58 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 66.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate

63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate

38.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2010)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 71.14 years
male: 69.67 years
female: 72.67 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.5 children born/woman (2013 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate

51.2% (2011)

Health expenditures

8.4% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density

0.69 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate

27% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight

7.1% (2006)

Nationality

noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.2%
male: 86%
female: 70.6% (2010 est.)

See also

References

External links

  • Iraq Inter-Agency Information & Analysis Unit Reports, Maps and Assessments of Iraq's Governorates from the UN Inter-Agency Information & Analysis Unit
  • CIA World Fact Book
  • Linguist List partial inventory of languages and dialects of Iraq
  • The Iraq DNA project
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.