World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Eton, Berkshire

Eton

Eton High Street from Windsor Bridge
Eton is located in Berkshire
Eton
 Eton shown within Berkshire
Population 4,980 (2001)
OS grid reference
Civil parish Eton
Unitary authority Windsor and Maidenhead
Ceremonial county Berkshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WINDSOR
Postcode district SL4
Dialling code 01753
Police Thames Valley
Fire Royal Berkshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Windsor
List of places
UK
England
Berkshire

Eton is a town and civil parish in the ceremonial county of Berkshire, but part of Buckinghamshire until 1974, lying on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor and connected to it by Windsor Bridge. The parish also includes the large village of Eton Wick, two miles west of the town, and has a population of 4,980.[1] Since 1998 it has been part of the unitary authority of Windsor and Maidenhead.

The town is best known as the location of Eton College, a famous public school.

Contents

  • Origin of the name 1
  • History 2
  • People 3
  • Politics 4
  • Transport 5
    • Bus 5.1
    • Rail 5.2
  • Nearest towns 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Origin of the name

The name "Eton" derives from Old English Ēa-tūn, = River-Town, i.e. Town on the River Thames.

History

The land that is now Eton once belonged to the manor of Queen Edith, wife of Edward the Confessor. The land was appropriated by the Normans after 1066, the main road between Windsor and London went through the area and a hamlet sprang up amid pasture meadows to maintain the road and the bridge.

In 1440, Henry VI chose Eton as a location for his new college, Eton College. Workmen were moved into Eton to help build the college. All of the land immediately around the hamlet was granted to the college, which stopped further growth. The new college chapel made the village a pilgrimage point, and inns were set up along the high street. Henry VI gave the college the right to hold fairs on its grounds.[2]

During the English Civil War, after Windsor Castle was captured by parliamentarian forces. The Royalist Army moved into Eton and attempted to retake the town, occupying the college. Efforts to retake Windsor were unsuccessful and the royalists eventually fled.[3]

The college sometimes leased small plots of land to the village as an act of charity, leading to the construction of houses near the bridge, scholars at the college also used to collect 'salt' (money) from the inns of Eton high street.[4] This practice continued until 1845 when a scholar refused to associate with the inns for causing 'temptation' amongst Eton students.[5] Eton was favourably modernised and was the first village in the UK to have its own post office and modern drainage system [6]

By 1925 the village was described as more commercial than residential, with most of the buildings belonging to businesses serving students at the college.[7]

People

  • Edmund Bristow (1787–1876), artist, was born here and lived his whole life in the Windsor area.
  • Chemical Engineering, was born here.

Politics

View of Eton looking across the River Thames from Windsor

On a Parish level, the town is represented by seven councillors in the Eton Town Council, a body which also includes seven councillors representing Eton Wick.

On Borough level, the town is part of the Liberal Democrats) in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.[8]

Nationally, since 1997 the ward has formed part of the UK Parliamentary constituency of Windsor and is currently represented by Adam Afriyie of the Conservative Party.

Between 1983 and 1997, the town was part of the UK Parliamentary constituency of Windsor and Maidenhead which was continuously held by the Conservative Party during this period.

Before 1983, the town was within the boundaries of the UK Parliamentary constituency of Eton and Slough. This was consistently held by the Labour Party from its creation in 1945 to its redistribution in 1983, except between 1964 and 1966 when it was held by a Conservative.

Transport

Bus

Eton is served by two bus companies. First operates daily buses on the Heathrow Airport (Terminal 5) – DatchetSlough – Eton – Eton Wick route (bus 60/61). Redline Buses operates the Slough – Eton – Eton WickDorneyMaidenhead route on Tuesdays and Fridays (bus 63/68).[9]

Rail

Eighty metres southeast of the town's historic pedestrian and cycle bridge is Windsor and Eton Riverside railway station and the town's competing station, Windsor and Eton Central railway station is 200 m to the southwest. The destinations are London Waterloo and London Paddington respectively, the former being far closer to the average centre point, Charing Cross. The Central Station offers the "change-at-Slough" service to London of between 41 and 56 minutes compared to a no-change-required 56–78 minutes for the riverside station.[10]

Nearest towns

See also

References

  1. ^ Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Windsor and MaidenheadOffice for National Statistics : Retrieved 24 March 2011
  2. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42557#s7
  3. ^ http://www.etoncollege.com/LifeInTheEarlyDays.aspx
  4. ^ http://met.open.ac.uk/genuki/big/eng/BKM/Eton/
  5. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42557#s7
  6. ^ http://www.information-britain.co.uk/history/town/Eton38/
  7. ^ http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42557#s7
  8. ^ Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead: Eton and Castle Ward
  9. ^ Red Line buses
  10. ^ Association of Train Operating Companies - official timetable

External links

  • Eton Town Council
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.