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European Touring Car Championship

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Title: European Touring Car Championship  
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Subject: Touring car racing, Alfa Romeo 156, European Touring Car Cup, Group 2 (racing), Peter Kox
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European Touring Car Championship

European Touring Car Championship
Category Touring cars
Country Europe
Inaugural season 1963
Folded 2004
Drivers 41 (2004)
Teams 13 (2004)
Constructors 6 (2004)
Last Drivers' champion Andy Priaulx
Last Teams' champion Autodelta
Last Makes' champion BMW
Official website fiatouringcars.com

The European Touring Car Championship was an international FIA. It had two incarnations, the first one between 1963 and 1988, and the second between 2000 and 2004. In 2005 it was superseded by the World Touring Car Championship, and a single-race European Touring Car Cup has been held since then.

Contents

  • ETCC (1963–88) 1
  • ETCC (2000–04) 2
  • ETCC (2005 onwards) 3
  • Champions 4
    • ETCC (1963–88) 4.1
    • ETCC (2000–04) 4.2
  • Event Winners 5
    • European Super Touring Cup 5.1
    • European Super Touring Championship 5.2
    • European Touring Car Championship 5.3
  • References 6
  • External links 7

ETCC (1963–88)

The European Touring Car Challenge, as it was originally known,[1] was started in 1963 by Willy Stenger, who created the series at the behest of the FIA. Cars competed under FIA Group 2[1] Improved Touring Car regulations[2] which allowed a variety of touring cars of different sizes and engine displacements to race together, from the small Fiat 600 and Mini to the large Jaguar Mark 2 and Mercedes-Benz 300SE In 1963 races and hillclimbing events at Nürburgring, Mont Ventoux, Brands Hatch, Mallory Park, Zolder, Zandvoort, Timmelsjoch and even in the Népliget (People's Park) in Budapest counted towards the ETCC, which was won by German Peter Nöcker and his Jaguar. In 1968, the regulations were changed to allow Group 5 cars to participate,[3] however these highly modified Special Touring Cars[4] would only be eligible for two years. In 1970 the series name was changed from European Touring Car Challenge to European Touring Car Championship.[5] [6] [7] Group 2 again became the principle category [8] although Group 2 regulations were now much more liberal in nature than the old Group 2.[9]

Following the 1973 oil crisis the next two seasons had few entrants. It was only in 1977 that the situation was normalised with the return of factory teams. Rules allowed Group 2 and Group 1B "National" cars to compete together, with BMW 3.0 Coupé CSL and Capri RS remaining the most competitive entries.

In 1982, the FIA replaced Groups 1 and 2 with Group N and Group A. The first one was mainly ignored by the ETCC entrants, all cars going the Group A route. BMW and Alfa Romeo prepared regular touring cars for the championship, but it was the big-engined Tom Walkinshaw Racing prepared Jaguar XJS and Rover 3500 Vitesse that would be more competitive in the years to come, fighting against the turbocharged Volvo 240 and Ford Sierra Cosworth.

The championship was cancelled after the end of the 1988 season, due to escalating costs (a one-off World Touring Car Championship in 1987 also exarcebated the problem). By then, the FIA had allowed "Evolution" models to be homologated, and it was special cars such as the BMW M3 Evo and Ford Sierra RS500 that dominated the grids.

The DTM, which already had races outside Germany in its calendar, to International Touringcar Championship (ITC), but once more escalating costs ended the series after two seasons.

ETCC (2000–04)

In 2000, the Italian Superturismo Championship was promoted to the European Super Touring Cup. In 2001, this series became the FIA European Super Touring Championship, with an extra class for Super Production cars alongside the main Super Touring class. In 2002, this evolved into the brand new FIA European Touring Car Championship, using Super 2000 rules, dominated by Alfa Romeo and BMW, but popular with the public due to the intense competition and Eurosport live broadcasts. In 2005, the ETCC was promoted to World Touring Car Championship (WTCC).

ETCC (2005 onwards)

The European Touring Car title was given from 2005 until 2009 to a once a year European Touring Car Cup, with the best representatives from national championships running to Super 2000, Super Production and Super 1600 regulations in the Baltic States, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Russia, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Starting in 2010 the ETCC will once again become a multi event racing series. Four events of two races each are set to be held in Portugal, Italy, Austria and Germany at respectively the Circuito Vasco Sameiro in Braga, the Autodromo Bonara in Franciacorta, the Salzburgring in Salzburg and the Motorsport Arena Oschersleben in Oschersleben. However, on 25 Mar 2010, fiawtcc.com reported that the event in Germany was cancelled to avoid clashes with the German touring car series.[10]

Champions

ETCC (1963–88)

Year Drivers Manufacturers
1963 Peter Nöcker (Jaguar Mk II) -
1964 Warwick Banks (BMC Mini Cooper S) -
1965 Div.3 Jacky Ickx (Ford Mustang)
Div.2 John Whitmore (Ford Lotus Cortina)
Div.1 Ed Swart (Abarth 1000 TC)
Div.3 Ford
Div.2 Ford
Div.1 Abarth
1966 Div.3 Hubert Hahne (BMW 2000TI)
Div.2 Andrea de Adamich (Alfa Romeo 1600 GTA)
Div.1 Giancarlo Baghetti (Abarth 1000 TC)
Div.3 BMW
Div.2 Alfa Romeo
Div.1 Abarth
1967 Div.3 Karl von Wendt (Porsche 911)
Div.2 Andrea de Adamich (Alfa Romeo 1600 GTA)
Div.1 Willi Kauhsen (Abarth 1000 TC)
Div.3 Porsche
Div.2 Alfa Romeo
Div.1 Abarth
1968 Div.3 Dieter Quester (BMW 2002)
Div.2 John Rhodes (Morris Mini Cooper S)
Div.1 John Handley (Morris Mini Cooper S)
Div.3 BMW
Div.2 BMC
Div.1 BMC
1969 Div.3 Dieter Quester (BMW 2002)
Div.2 Spartaco Dini (Alfa Romeo 1600 GTA)
Div.1 Marsilio Pasotti (Abarth 1000 TC)
Div.3 BMW
Div.2 Alfa Romeo
Div.1 Abarth
1970 Toine Hezemans (Alfa Romeo 2000 GTAm) BMW
1971 Dieter Glemser (Ford Capri RS2600) Alfa Romeo
1972 Jochen Mass (Ford Capri RS2600) Alfa Romeo
1973 Toine Hezemans (BMW 3.0 CSL) BMW
1974 Hans Heyer (Ford Escort RS1600) Ford
1975 Siegfried Müller Sr. (BMW 3.0 CSL)
Alain Peltier (BMW 3.0 CSL)
Div.2: BMW
Div.1: Ford
1976 Jean Xhenceval (BMW 3.0 CSL)
Pierre Dieudonné (BMW 3.0 CSL)
Div.4: BMW
Div.3: Opel
Div.2: Alfa Romeo
Div.1: Alfa Romeo
1977 Dieter Quester (BMW 3.0 CSL) Div.5: BMW
Div.4: BMW
Div.3: Alfa Romeo
Div.2: Volkswagen
Div.1: Alfa Romeo
1978 Umberto Grano (BMW 3.0 CSL) BMW
1979 Martino Finotto (BMW 3.0 CSL)
Carlo Facetti (BMW 3.0 CSL)
BMW
1980 Helmut Kelleners (BMW 320)
Siegfried Müller Jr. (BMW 320)
Audi
1981 Umberto Grano (BMW 635CSi)
Helmut Kelleners (BMW 635CSi)
Škoda
1982 Umberto Grano (BMW 528i) Alfa Romeo
1983 Dieter Quester (BMW 635CSi) Alfa Romeo
1984 Tom Walkinshaw (Jaguar XJS) Alfa Romeo
1985 Gianfranco Brancatelli (Volvo 240 Turbo)
Thomas Lindström (Volvo 240 Turbo)
Alfa Romeo
1986 Roberto Ravaglia (BMW 635CSi) Toyota
1987 Winfried Vogt (BMW M3) BMW
1988 Roberto Ravaglia (BMW M3) Ford

ETCC (2000–04)

Year Championship Independents class (Michelin Trophy) Series name
Drivers Manufacturers Drivers Teams
2000 Fabrizio Giovanardi (Alfa Romeo 156 D2) Alfa Romeo N/A N/A European Super Touring Cup
2001 Fabrizio Giovanardi (Supertouring)(Alfa Romeo 156 D2)
Peter Kox (Super Production) (BMW 320i)
Alfa Romeo Sandro Sardelli (Nissan Primera Mk3 GT) (Supertouring Amateur)
Norman Simon (BMW 320i) (Super Production Under 25)
N/A FIA European Super Touring Championship
2002 Fabrizio Giovanardi (Alfa Romeo 156 GTA) Alfa Romeo Fabrizio Giovanardi N/A FIA European Touring Car Championship
2003 Gabriele Tarquini (Alfa Romeo 156 GTA) BMW Duncan Huisman (BMW 320i) Alfa Romeo Autodelta FIA European Touring Car Championship
2004 Andy Priaulx (BMW 320i) BMW Tom Coronel (BMW 320i) AutoDelta Sq­ra Corse FIA European Touring Car Championship

Event Winners

European Super Touring Cup

European Super Touring Championship

European Touring Car Championship

References

  1. ^ a b Part 1: 1963-1967 The early years Retrieved from homepage.mac.com/frank_de_jong on 10 August 2009
  2. ^ 1965 FIA Appendix J - Art. 252 - Categories & Groups of Vehicles Retrieved from www.fia.com on 10 August 2009
  3. ^ Part 2: 1968-1969 Group 5 years Retrieved from homepage.mac.com/frank_de_jong on 10 August 2009
  4. ^ 1969 FIA Appendix J - Art. 251 - Categories & groups Retrieved from www.fia.com on 10 August 2009
  5. ^ ETCC race results & images – 1967 to 1988, www.racingsportscars.com Retrieved on 10 August 2009
  6. ^ 1969 European Touring Car Challenge, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 15 May 2014
  7. ^ 1970 European Touring Car Championship, touringcarracing.net Retrieved on 15 May 2014
  8. ^ Results of Round 1, 1970 ETCC - Ruleset: Group 2/70 Retrieved from homepage.mac.com/frank_de_jong on 10 August 2009
  9. ^ Part 3: 1970-1975 The Ford and BMW years Retrieved from homepage.mac.com/frank_de_jong on 10 August 2009
  10. ^ THE FIA ETCC STARTS IN BRAGA THIS WEEKEND Retrieved from fiawtcc.com on 27 March 2010

External links

  • European Touring Car Cup official website
  • European Touring Car Championship official website
  • European Touring Car Championship history
  • European Touring Car Championship race results & images – 1967 to 1988
  • FIA STC Article 262
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