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European United Left - Nordic Green Left

European United Left/Nordic Green Left
European Parliament group
123px
GUE/NGL logo
Name European United Left/Nordic Green Left
English abbr. GUE/NGL[1]
French abbr. GUE/NGL[2][3]
Formal name Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left[2][4][5]
Ideology Communism
Democratic socialism
Ecosocialism
Anticapitalism
European parties Party of the European Left European Anticapitalist Left
Associated organisations Nordic Green Left Alliance
From 6 January 1995[6]
To n/a
Preceded by European United Left
Succeeded by n/a
Chaired by

Alonso José Puerta (1999-2004),[5]
Francis Wurtz (2004-2009)
Lothar Bisky (2009-2012)

Gabriele Zimmer (2012-)
MEP(s) 42 (July 20, 1999),
41 (July 20, 2004),
35 (July 20, 2009),
34 (June 21, 2011),
35 (July 1, 2013)
Website http://www.guengl.eu

European United Left/Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) is a left-wing[7] political group in the European Parliament established in 1995. The group comprises political parties of mostly socialist and communist orientation.[8][9]

Position

According to its 1994 constituent declaration, the group is opposed to the present European political structure, but committed to integration.[10] That declaration sets out three aims for the construction of another Europe: the total change of institutions to make them "fully democratic"; and breaking with "neo-liberal monetarist policies"; and a policy of co-development and equitable cooperation. The group wants to disband NATO and "strengthen the OSCE".

The group is ambiguous between reformism and revolution, leaving it up to each party to decide on the manner they deem best suited to achieve these aims. As such, it has simultaneously positioned itself as "insiders" within the European institutions, enabling it to influence the decisions made by co-decision, and as "outsiders" by its willingness to seek "another Union" which would abolish the Maastricht Treaty.

Organisation

The GUE/NGL is a confederal group: it is composed of MEPs from national parties. Those national parties must share common political objectives with the group, as specified in the group's constituent declaration. Nevertheless, those national parties, not the group, retain control of their MEPs. Thus, the Group may be divided on certain issues.

Members of the group meet regularly to prepare for meetings, debate on policies and vote on resolutions. The group also publishes reports on various topics.

Member parties

MEPs may be full or associate members.

  • Full members must accept the constitutional declaration of the Group.
  • Associate members need not fully do so but may sit with the full members.

National parties may be full or associate members.

  • Full member parties must accept the constitutional declaration of the Group.
  • Associate member parties may include parties that do not have MEPs (e.g., French Trotskyist parties which did not get elected in the 2004 European elections), are from states that are not part of the European Union, or do not wish to be full members.

Member parties

Country Electoral Group National Party MEPs
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People2
2 / 6
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia2
4 / 22
 Croatia Croatian Labourists – Labour Party
1 / 12
 Denmark People's Movement against the EU Red-Green Alliance1
1 / 13
 France Left Front French Communist Party1
2 / 72
Left Party1
1 / 72
Communist Party of Réunion
1 / 72
Independent
1 / 72
 Germany The Left1
8 / 99
 Greece Communist Party of Greece
2 / 22
Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA) Synaspismós1
1 / 22
 Ireland Socialist Party
1 / 12
Sinn Féin
0 / 12
 Latvia Harmony Centre Socialist Party
1 / 8
 Netherlands Socialist Party
2 / 25
 Portugal Left Bloc1
3 / 22
(later 2)
Democratic Unity Coalition Portuguese Communist Party
2 / 22
 Spain United Left1 Communist Party of Spain1
1 / 54
 Sweden Left Party3
1 / 18
 United Kingdom Sinn Féin (Only contests Northern Irish elections)
1 / 3

Notes

History

In 1995, the enlargement of the European Union led to the creation of the Nordic Green Left group of parties. The Nordic Green Left merged with the Confederal Group of the European United Left (GUE) on 6 January 1995,[6] forming the Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left.[2][4][5] The NGL suffix was added to the name of the expanded group on insistence of Swedish and Finnish MEPs.[11] The group initially consisted of MEPs from the Finnish Left Alliance, Swedish Left Party, the Danish Socialist People's Party, United Left of Spain (including the Spanish Communist Party), Synaspismós of Greece, the French Communist Party, Portuguese Communist Party, the Communist Party of Greece, and the Communist Refoundation Party of Italy.

In 1999, the German Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS) and the Greek Democratic Social Movement (DIKKI) joined as full members, while the five MEPs elected from the list of the French Trotskyist alliance LO-LCR joined as associate members.

In 2002, four MEPs from the French Citizen and Republican Movement also joined the group.

In 2004, no MEPs were elected from LO-LCR and DIKKI was dissolved. MEPs from the Portuguese Left Bloc, Sinn Féin of Ireland, the Progressive Party of Working People (AKEL) of Cyprus, and the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia joined the group.

European Parliament results

Election year # of
overall seats won
+/–
1995
34 / 567
1999
42 / 626
8 Increase
2004
41 / 732
1 Decrease
2009
35 / 736
6 Decrease

Sources

References

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