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Faridpur District

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Title: Faridpur District  
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Subject: Faridpur Polytechnic Institute, Faridpur Medical College, Alfadanga Upazila, Bhanga Upazila, Boalmari Upazila
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Faridpur District

Faridpur
ফরিদপুর জেলা
District
Location of Faridpur in Bangladesh
Location of Faridpur in Bangladesh
Coordinates:
Country  Bangladesh
Division Dhaka Division
Area
 • Total 2,072.72 km2 (800.28 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,912,969
 • Density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Literacy rate
 • Total 37.44%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)

Faridpur (Bengali: ফরিদপুর জেলা, Faridpur Jela also Faridpur Zila) is a district in central Bangladesh. It is a part of the Dhaka Division.[1] Faridpur District has a population of over 1.7 million people and is situated on the banks of the Padma river (Lower Ganges). Once a subdivision, the original area of the district comprised what is today the Greater Faridpur region, which includes the present-day districts of Rajbari, Gopalgonj, Madaripur, Shariatpur and Faridpur.

It is notable for its jute fields, which are considered to produce the finest raw jute, and aristocratic landlord families. The district had numerous leaders who took part in political movements in Bengal during the rule of the British Empire and the early days of the Pakistan era. It produced some of the most prominent politicians and cultural figures of Bengal.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Subdivision 3
  • Administration 4
  • Economy 5
  • Places of interest 6
  • Education 7
    • Secondary schools 7.1
  • Notable residents 8
  • Jasim Polli Mela 9
  • Bara-khardia (Shalta) 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13

Geography

Faridpur is located in central Bangladesh under Dhaka division. The area of this district is 2072.72 km².[1] The district is bounded by the Padma river to the north and east; across the river are the Manikganj, Dhaka and Munshiganj districts. It is bordered by Madaripur to the east, Gopalgonj to the south and Rajbari, Narail and Magura to the west.

The soil is highly fertile as the district lies in the floodplain of the Padma river, also called the Lower Ganges. Smaller rivers in the district include Old Kumar, Arial khan, Gorai, Chandana, Bhubanshwar and Modhumoti. The main depressions are Dhol Samudra, Beel Ramkeli, Shakuner Beel and Ghoradar Beel.

Bangladesh Padma nodir Majhi

History

The region was ruled by local Muslim sultans and Hindu rajas until the Mughal conquest of Bengal in the 16th century, after which many nobles and merchants from North India settled in the area. In 1582 in the reign of Emperor Akbar, the province of Bengal was formed into 33 sarkars or financial sub-divisions, and Faridpur area appears to have been included within the sarkar of Muhammad Abud. During the Emperor Shah Jahan, these divisions were carried onto such an extent as to cause in a falling of the imperial revenue. In 1721 a new partition of the country was made the province of Bengal being formed into 13 large divisions (chaklas) instead of sarkars.

In 1765 the English took over the financial administration of Faridpur, together with the rest of Bangal. In 1790 they gave the collectors of taxes magisterial authority, as part of the criminal administration of the country. In 1793 the collectors were relieved of their magisterial duties. Separate officers were appointed who united Judicial and Magisterial power together. The greater portion of Faridpur was then comprised within Dacca Jalalpur.

In 1811 Faridpur was separated from Dacca collectorate. The district was initially known as Fatehabad. In 1840 the Faridpur Zila School was established, and it is one of the oldest schools in modern-day Bangladesh. Under British rule in 1860, the district was named as Faridpur after 12th-century Sufi saint, Shah Sheikh Fariduddin. The British administration declared Faridpur town as a municipality in 1862, and a District Prison was set up in 1865.

The original district stretched out across central Bengal, comprising what is, today, the Greater Faridpur region. A politically important district during the British Raj, Faridpur became a sub-division of Dhaka Division after the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

In 1971 Bangladesh became independent. In 1984, with the Decentralization Program of the Bangladesh government, Faridpur district was broken into five separate districts: Rajbari, Gopalgonj, Madaripur, Shariatpur and Faridpur.

Main Entrance of Faridpur Stadium

Faridpur is notable for its rich zamindari history. They included the Senguptas (dewanji) of Dhamaron, the Basu Roy Chowdhurys of Ulpur (Shahapur), the Sikdars of Kanaipur, The Golam Imam Chowdhury of Kabirazpur,Rajoir, The Bhawal Rajas of Pangsha, the Lords of Choddo, The Dass of Sajonpur and Baish Roshi estates of Bhanga, the Kazi-Bari of Shalta (bara-khrdia). Muslim zamindaris included the Chanpur Estate and the Boalmari Estate in present-day Faridpur, Golam Ali Chowdhury of Idilpur pargana and the Padamdi Nawab Estate in present-day Rajbari. The most powerful Muslim landlords were Nawab Abdul Latif, Golam Imam Chowdhury, Habibunessa Chowdhurani, Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biwshash and Lehajuddin Matubbar of C&B Ghat the last Jamindar of Faridpur.==History== The region was ruled by local Muslim Sultans and Hindu Rajas until the Mughal emperors conquest of Bengal in the 16th century, after which many nobles and merchants from North India settled in the area. In 1582 in the reign of Emperor Akbar, the province of Bengal was formed into 33 sarkars or financial sub-divisions, and Faridpur area appears to have been included within the sarkar of Muhammad Abud. During the Emperor Shah Jahan, these divisions were carried onto such an extent as to cause in a falling of the imperial revenue. In 1721 a new partition of the country was made the province of Bengal being formed into 13 large divisions (chaklas) instead of sarkars.

In 1765 the English took over the financial administration of Faridpur, together with the rest of Bangal. In 1790 they gave the collectors of taxes magisterial authority, as part of the criminal administration of the country. In 1793 the collectors were relieved of their magisterial duties. Separate officers were appointed who united Judicial and Magisterial power together. The greater portion of Faridpur was then comprised within Dacca Jalalpur.

In 1811 Faridpur was separated from Dacca collectorate. The district was initially known as Fatehabad. In 1840 the Faridpur Zila School was established, and it is one of the oldest schools in modern-day Bangladesh. Under British rule in 1860, the district was named as Faridpur after 12th-century Sufi saint, (Shah Sheikh Fariduddin). The British administration declared Faridpur town as a municipality in 1862, and a District Prison was set up in 1865.

The original district stretched out across central Bengal, comprising what is, today, the Greater Faridpur region. A politically important district during the (British Rule), Faridpur became a sub-division of (Dhaka Division) after the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

Faridpur is notable for its rich Lordship (Zamindari) history. They included the Senguptas (dewanji) of Dhamaron, the Basu Roy Chowdhurys of (Ulpur) (Shahapur), the Sikdars of Kanaipur, The Golam Imam Chowdhury of Kabirazpur, Rajoir, The Bhawal Rajas of Pangsha, the Lords of Choddo, The Dass of Sajonpur and Baish Roshi estates of Bhanga, the Kazi-Bari of Shalta (bara-khrdia). Muslim zamindaris included the Chanpur Estate and the Boalmari Estate in present-day Faridpur, Golam Ali Chowdhury of Idilpur (pargana) and the (Padamdi Nawab Estate) in present-day Rajbari. The most powerful Muslim landlords were Nawab Abdul Latif, Golam Imam Chowdhury, Habibunessa Chowdhurani, Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biwshash and Lehajuddin Matubbar of C&B Ghat.

Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biwshash (1840-1923) originated from a very prominent & well known Landlords (Zamindar) family from Faridpur District, British India. This Biwshash family of Faridpur were reserved the right to collect tax from the peasants on behalf of the British Crown. Over time, the British gifted them with a royal title 'Chowdhury' which means Lord. Chowdhury Moyezuddin Biwshash had built a vast personal fortune of landholdings in Bengal, Punjab & Arabia. Despite being such a wealthy & respected Landlord, he was also a staunch supporter of the Indian National Congress.

Later on his legacy was carried on by his son Yusuf Ali Chowdhury aka Mohon Mia. Yusuf Ali Chowdhury (1905–1971), commonly referred to as Mohan Mia, was a prominent Bengali Muslim politician in South Asia. He played an active role in the Pakistan Movement as a leading figure of the All-India Muslim League in Bengal. He was a member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly in the 1930s and 1940s and also became a minister in the provincial government of East Bengal led by Sher-e-Bangla A.K. Fazlul Huq in the 1950s. Later on he went onto to become a Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan (MNA). As candidates suggested by him had won almost all the seats in the sweeping election of 1954 which propelled Bengali Nationalists into the Central Government. At that time he was known as the "KingMaker". Mohon Mia had come a very long way and had created his own legacy. From Landlord to Kingmaker. During his journey he had made and had to tackle a lot of enemies but there one person who had helped him all along financially and every other way. That person was his Nephew Shamsuddin Chowdhury. Later on Shamsuddin Chowdhury was the last Landlord or Zamindar to sit on the throne and collect tax before Ayub Khan had abolished this system once and for all.....

Though the Landlordship (zamindari) had been abolished but the legacy still remains:

Imran Hossain Chowdhury: Freedom Fighter; Former student activist, Chhatro League(1965); Former Executive Member, Chhatro League Central Committee (1967); Former Upazila Chairman, Faridpur Sadar Upazila. (1984–89). During his term, Faridpur had developed & progressed like never before. So later on he was known as one of the most popular political leader of Greater Faridpur. In 2009, he contested the Upazila Election but unfortunately, on the very election day he passed away.

  • Eng. Khondker Mosharaff Hossain, MP:- Minister for Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (LGRD).
  • Khondker Mohtesham Hossain Babor: Acting Upazila Chairman, Faridpur Sadar Upazila.

Subdivision

Faridpur district is divided into the following upazilas:

  1. Faridpur Sadar Upazila
  2. Boalmari Upazila
  3. Alfadanga Upazila
  4. Madhukhali Upazila
  5. Bhanga Upazila
  6. Nagarkanda Upazila
  7. Charbhadrasan Upazila
  8. Sadarpur Upazila
  9. Shaltha Upazila

Administration

Minister M.P: Engineer Khandker Mosharraf Hossain, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development[2]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Moyeen Uddin Ahmed[3]

Economy

Raw Jute

The district has mainly aggro-based economy. The main crops are jute and paddy. Other crops include peanut, wheat, oilseed, pulse, turmeric, onion, garlic and coriander. Many fruits are also produced, notably mango, jack fruit, blackberry, palm, coconut, betel nut, kul, tetul, bel, papaya, banana, and guava. The main exports are jute, Helsa fish and sugarcane.

Faridpur is famous for producing high quality raw jute. Once the principal earner of the country's economy, the jute industry has suffered a decline in recent years due to low prices on the international market, leading to many jute plants shutting down. However, Faridpur still has quite a few which are also some of the most prominent. They include notably Faridpur Jute Fibers and Sharif Jute Mills.

The district, being on the banks of the Padma, also accounts for a significant portion of exports of Helsa fish. The Helsa found in Padma are immensely popular at home and abroad and are called the Silver Helsa. The district has thriving fisheries and a growing poultry industry.

Manufacturing is moderate in the district although there are several industries. Kanaipur Industrial Area was set up in Faridpur town during the late 1980s. There are many sugar mills and jute plants as well. Some of the leading industries of the district are listen below:

  • Faridpur Jute Fibers
  • Pride Jute Mills
  • Aziz Jute Fibers
  • Aziz Pipes
  • Faridpur Sugar Mills
  • Khankhanapur Textile Mill
  • Saiyed Jute Spinning
  • Karim Jute Mill
  • Faridpur Cold Storage
  • Sharif Jute Mill
  • BADC Cold Storage
  • Rokeya Textile
  • A H Jute Mills
  • Altu Khan Jute Mills Ltd (Panna Group)
  • J & J Jute Mills

In 2014, the Bangladesh government announced plans to construct the long demanded Padma Multipurpose Bridge. When completed in 2017, it will be the longest bridge in South Asia. The Padma bridge will greatly help in developing the greater Faridpur region as it would connect Dhaka with the districts.

Places of interest

Sunset in Padma river near Faridpur
Tomb of Jasimuddin
  • Kobi Jasimuddin's House, residence of the renonwed Bengali poet Jasimuddin
  • Faridpur District Court, 19th century colonial styled court house
  • Mazar of Dewan Saker Shah, mausoleum of the Dewan of the Boalmari Estate
  • River Research Institute
  • Moyez Manzil Palace, a mansion of the Chanpur Estate
  • Baisrashi Babu Bari Palace, a mansion of the Baisrashi Estate
  • Kamlapur, historic neighbourhood housing colonial buildings and zamindar mansions
  • Dighir Par Masjid, a mosque in Bhanga built during the Mughal era
  • Basudeva Mandir, famous Hindu temple
  • Faridpur Zila School, one of the oldest schools in Bangladesh
  • Bishwa Zaker Monjil, a mansion of the Aatroshi Estate
  • Sri Angan, headquarters of the Mahanam Sampraday of Hindus
  • Dholar Mor, place near Padma River.

Education

Faridpur Zilla School
Tarar Mela Ishan Memorial Adhunik Shishu Biddalaya, a kindergarten
  • Government Rajendra University College
  • Faridpur Medical College
  • Faridpur Polytechnic Institute
  • Govt. Yasin College
  • Sardoda Shundori Mohila College
  • Faridpur Diabetic Association Medical College
  • Grassroots College of Technology
  • Faridpur City College
  • Kazi Mahbubullah College, Bhanga
  • Kadirdi Degree College
  • Govt. Kamarkhali Birshresth Munshi Abdur Rauf Degree College
  • Govt. Aian uddin College, Madhukhali, faridpur
  • Govt. Boalmari College

Secondary schools

  • Bagat High School,Madhukhali, Faridpur
  • Bhanga Pilot High School
  • Domrakandi High School
  • Faridpur Zilla School
  • Government Girls High School
  • Ishan Institution, Faridpur Sadar, Faridpur
  • Kalamridha Govinda High School
  • Police Lines High School, Faridpur
  • Sharifabad High School, Bhanga
  • Mohim Institution,Faridpur Sadar.

Notable residents

Jasim Polli Mela

Jasim Polli Mela, an annual fair, is held in Faridpur to commemorate the birth of renowned Bengali poet Jasimuddin. It is held on 1 January for a month and is arranged by the Polli Jasim Foundation at the premises of the poet's home by the river Kumar of Govindapur village in Faridpur. Handicrafts, everyday items used by the rural folk, tools and other items used in agricultural, literary works of Jasimuddin and more are on display at the fair. Other attractions include puppet show; circus; live performance of 'jari', 'shari', 'bhawaiya' and 'murshidi' songs; dance and recitation. Around two hundred stalls have been set up.

Bara-khardia (Shalta)

Bara-khardia is an ancient beautiful village, though it has lost its former glamour and importance because of modernization and urbanization. The village is surrounded by the Kumar river by its three sides. As Kazi (Quazi) Zamindar chose this secured place (river surrounding) for their residence. Now the Zamindar bari is only a bushy land, only some myths are available.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Masud Reza (2012). "Faridpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.).  
  2. ^ [3]
  3. ^ [4]

External links

  • Faridpur in Encyclopædia Britannica
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