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Fifth Avenue Line (Brooklyn elevated)

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Title: Fifth Avenue Line (Brooklyn elevated)  
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Subject: Defunct New York City Subway lines, Brooklyn Elevated Railroad, Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation, Belt Parkway, IRT Second Avenue Line
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Fifth Avenue Line (Brooklyn elevated)

The Fifth Avenue Line, also called the Fifth Avenue Elevated or Fifth Avenue-Bay Ridge Line, was an elevated rail line in Brooklyn, New York City, United States. It ran above Hudson Avenue, Flatbush Avenue, Fifth Avenue, 38th Street, and Third Avenue from Downtown Brooklyn south to Bay Ridge. The portion on Third Avenue was called the Third Avenue Elevated to distinguish service from the West End Elevated.

History

The Union Elevated Railroad, leased by the Brooklyn Elevated Railroad, built the Hudson Avenue Elevated, a branch of the Brooklyn Elevated's Lexington Avenue Elevated. This line split from the Brooklyn Elevated at a junction at Hudson and Park Avenues (where exit 29 of the Brooklyn–Queens Expressway is now located), and traveled south above Hudson Avenue to the Long Island Rail Road's Flatbush Avenue terminal. Trains began operating between Fulton Ferry (the terminal of the Brooklyn Elevated) and Flatbush Avenue on November 5, 1888.[1]

The line crossed the Myrtle Avenue Elevated at grade two blocks south of its merge with the Brooklyn Elevated. On its second day of operation, November 6, a Hudson Avenue train crashed into a Myrtle Avenue train.[2] Service was suspended immediately,[3] and did not resume until June 22, 1889, when an extension south to Third Street was completed, and a new connection into Myrtle Avenue opened, taking trains between Third Street and Sands Street at the end of the Myrtle Avenue Elevated, and replacing the four track crossings with one.[4] The unused two blocks north of Myrtle Avenue were placed back in service on December 9, 1889, when Myrtle Avenue trains began to use it to reach Fulton Ferry via the old Brooklyn Elevated.[5]

An extension south to 25th Street at Greenwood Cemetery was opened at 4 p.m. on August 15, 1889. At this new terminal, elevated passengers could transfer to the north end of the Brooklyn, Bath and West End Railroad for Coney Island.[6][7] A further extension to 36th Street, at a new Union Depot serving the West End Line and Prospect Park and Coney Island Railroad (Culver Line) to Coney Island, opened on May 29, 1890.[8]

The Seaside and Brooklyn Bridge Elevated Railroad was organized on March 18, 1890[9] to extend the Fifth Avenue Elevated south to Fort Hamilton, to extend the Lexington Avenue Elevated from Van Siclen Avenue east to the city line,[10] and to build in High Street at the Brooklyn Bridge (this became part of the Sands Street station loop).[11] The extension of the Fifth Avenue Elevated, along Fifth Avenue, 38th Street, and Third Avenue, opened to 65th Street on October 1, 1893.[12][13]

On June 25, 1923 two cars of a northbound train derailed and fell towards Flatbush Avenue. Eight passengers died and many were injured. [14][15]

Station listing

Fifth Avenue trains served Park Row, Sands Street, Adams Street, and Bridge–Jay Streets before leaving the Myrtle Avenue Line. Aside from those stations, the entire line closed on May 31, 1940. It was dismantled and taken down October and November 1941.

Name Location Opened Closed Notes
Fulton Street Hudson Avenue and Fulton Street July 27, 1889[6][7] May 31, 1940 connection to Fulton Street Elevated trains and Fulton Street Line, DeKalb Avenue Line, and Flatbush Avenue Line streetcars
Atlantic Avenue Flatbush Avenue and Atlantic Avenue November 5, 1888[1] May 31, 1940 connection to Long Island Rail Road Atlantic Division trains at Flatbush Avenue and St. Johns Place Line, Flatbush Avenue Line, Third Avenue Line, and Seventh Avenue Line streetcars
St. Marks Avenue Fifth Avenue and St. Marks Place June 22, 1889[4] May 31, 1940 connection to Bergen Street Line streetcars
Union Street Fifth Avenue and Union Street June 22, 1889[4] May 31, 1940 connection to Union Street Line streetcars
Third Street Fifth Avenue and Third Street June 22, 1889[4] May 31, 1940
Ninth Street Fifth Avenue and Ninth Street August 15, 1889[6] May 31, 1940 connection to Smith and Ninth Streets Line and Hamilton Avenue Line streetcars
16th Street Fifth Avenue and 16th Street August 15, 1889[6] May 31, 1940 connection to 15th Street Line streetcars
20th Street Fifth Avenue and 20th Street August 15, 1889[6] May 31, 1940
25th Street Fifth Avenue and 25th Street August 15, 1889[6] May 31, 1940
36th Street Fifth Avenue and 36th Street May 29, 1890[8] May 31, 1940 connection to West End Line trains
40th Street Third Avenue and 40th Street October 1, 1893[12] May 31, 1940 connection to Church Avenue Line, 39th Street and Coney Island Line, 39th Street and Manhattan Beach Line, and 39th Street and Ulmer Park Line streetcars
46th Street Third Avenue and 46th Street October 1, 1893[12] May 31, 1940
52nd Street Third Avenue and 52nd Street October 1, 1893[12] May 31, 1940
58th Street Third Avenue and 58th Street October 1, 1893[12] May 31, 1940
65th Street Third Avenue and 65th Street October 1, 1893[12] May 31, 1940 connection to Sea Beach Line, Bay Ridge Suburban Line, Bay Ridge Line, Third Avenue Line, and 86th Street Suburban Line streetcars

References

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  4. ^ a b c d
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  6. ^ a b c d e f
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b c d e f
  13. ^
  14. ^ Under the Sidewalks of New York The Story of the Greatest Subway System By Brian J. Cudahy
  15. ^
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