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Flag of Malta

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Title: Flag of Malta  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Malta, Outline of Malta, Flags of Europe, State of Malta, Culture of Malta
Collection: Flags of Malta, National Flags, National Symbols of Malta, Red and White Flags
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of Malta

Use National flag and state and naval ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 21 September 1964
Design A vertical hoist side of the white band.
Variant flag of Malta
Use Civil ensign
Proportion 2:3

The United Kingdom in 1942, is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.[1]


  • Colours 1
  • The George Cross 2
  • Civil ensign 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The red hue in the Maltese flag is officially documented as Pantone©186c, R207 G20 B43 (# CF142B) or Spot Colour - 50% rubine red • 50% warm red.[2]

Tradition states that the colours of the flag were given to Malta by Roger I of Sicily in 1090. Roger's fleet landed in Malta on the completion of the Norman conquest of Sicily. It is said that local Christians offered to fight by Roger's side against the Arab defenders. In order to recognise the locals fighting on his side from the defenders, Roger reportedly tore off part of his chequered red-and-white flag. This story has, however, been debunked as a 19th-century myth, possibly even earlier due to the Mdina, Malta's old capital, associating its colours with Roger's in the late Middle Ages.[3]

The flag of the Knights of Malta, a white cross on a red field, was a more likely source of the Maltese colours, inspiring the red and white shield used during the British colonial period.

The George Cross

The George Cross originally appeared on the flag placed on a blue canton (see List of flags of Malta). The flag was changed on 21 September 1964 with Malta's independence when the blue canton was replaced by a red fimbriation the intention being that the Cross appear less prominent. The flag has remained unchanged since.

The George Cross (National War Museum, Malta)

Civil ensign

The civil ensign shows a red field, bordered white and charged with a blank Maltese cross.

See also


  1. ^ Article 3 of the Constitution of Malta
  2. ^ Graphical Specifications for the National Flag of Malta
  3. ^ Buhagiar, M., Tale of Count Roger and the flag

External links

  • Government of Malta website
  • Department of Information - Malta
  • Malta at Flags of the World
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