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Flag of Sudan

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Title: Flag of Sudan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flags of Africa, Flag of South Sudan, Outline of Sudan, Pan-Arab colors, Flag of Mauritania
Collection: 1970 Introductions, Flags of Africa, National Flags, National Symbols of Sudan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Flag of Sudan

Sudan
Use National flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 20 May 1970
Design A horizontal tricolour of red, white, and black; with a green triangle based at the hoist.
Variant flag of Sudan
Use Naval ensign
Proportion 1:2
Adopted 1970

The flag of Sudan (Arabic: علم السودان‎) was adopted on May 20, 1970, and consists of a horizontal red-white-black tricolor, with a green triangle at the hoist. The flag is based on the Arab Liberation Flag shared by Egypt, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen, that uses a subset of the Pan-Arab colors in which green is less significant. Prior to the 1969 military coup of Gaafar Nimeiry, a blue-yellow-green tricolor design was used.

According to World Flags 101:

Red, white, black and green are called the pan-Arab colors and have been historically linked to the Arab people and Islamic religion for centuries. The colors stand for Arab unity and independence. The red stripe represents Sudan's struggle for independence and many other struggles, and the sacrifices of the country's martyrs. The white represents peace, light and optimism. It also represents the White Flag League which was a nationalist group that rose up against colonial rule in 1924. The black represents Sudan; in Arabic 'Sudan' means black. It also represents the black flag of nationalists who fought colonial rule during the Mahdist Revolution, late in 19th century. Green represents Islam, agriculture and the prosperity of the land.[1]

Contents

  • Historical flags 1
    • Mahdist Revolt 1.1
    • Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1.2
    • 1956-1970 flag 1.3
  • Gallery 2
    • Current flags 2.1
    • Historical flags 2.2
    • Provincial flags 2.3
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Historical flags

Mahdist Revolt

In 1881, at the beginning of the Mahdist Revolt, the Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad appointed Abdallahi ibn Muhammad as one of his four caliphs (Khalifa) and handed him a black flag.[2] Abdallahi used his black flag to recruit Baggara Arabs and other tribes from the west. The other caliphs used differently colored flags.[3] The black horizontal stripe in the current Sudanese flag is a reference to this Mahdist-era black flag.[4]

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

Between 1899 and 1956, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan was administered jointly as a condominium by Egypt and the United Kingdom. The condominium did not have its own flag; instead the flag of Egypt and the flag of the United Kingdom were always flown together, with the British flag taking precedence.[5]

A flag did exist as a rank flag for the British Governor General of the Sudan. In common with the rank flags of governors and commissioners of other British overseas territories, it consisted of a Union Flag defaced with a white disk bearing the territory's badge or coat of arms, surrounded by a wreath of laurel. As no badge or coat of arms existed for Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the disk instead contained the words "GOVERNOR GENERAL OF THE SUDAN.

1956-1970 flag

Upon independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom on 1 January 1956, Sudan adopted a blue-yellow-green tricolor as its national flag. This flag remained in use until 1970, when the current flag was adopted.[6] The colours of the flag represented the River Nile (blue), the Sahara Desert (yellow) and farmlands (green). They were chosen as they were neutral between ethnic groups and political parties.[7]

Gallery

Current flags

Historical flags

Provincial flags

See also

References

  1. ^ World Flags 101. "Sudan Flag - World Flags 101". WorldFlags101.com. Moxy Media. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  2. ^ Hill, Richard Leslie (1967) [First published 1951]. A Biographical Dictionary of the Sudan (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 6.  
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Fadlalla, Mohamed Hassan (2005). The Problem of Dar Fur. iUniverse. p. 33.  
  5. ^ http://flagspot.net/flags/sd-hist.html#cond
  6. ^ http://flagspot.net/flags/sd-hist.html
  7. ^ http://www.rbvex.it/africapag/sudanrb.html

External links

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