Flora of India

Lotus, the national flower of India

The flora of India is one of the richest of the world due to a wide range of climate, topology and environments in the country. It is thought there are over 15000 species of flowering plants in India, which account for 6 percent of the total plant species in the world. Due to the wide range of climatic conditions, India holds rich variety of flora that no other country can boast of. India covers more than 45,000 species of flora, out of which there are several species that are not found anywhere else. Since ancient times, use of plants as a source of medicines has been the inherent part of life in India. There are more than 3000 officially documented plants in India that holds great medicinal potential. India comprises seven percent of world's flora. India is divided into main eight floristic regions namely - Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Assam, Indus plain, Ganga plain, the Deccan, the Malabar and the Andamans.

Contents

  • Gymnosperms 1
    • Equisetophyta 1.1
    • Lycopodiophyta 1.2
    • Pinophyta - sd:cycadophytina 1.3
    • Pinophyta - sd:gnetophytina 1.4
    • Pinophyta - sd:pinophytina 1.5
    • Polypodiophyta 1.6
    • Psilotophyta 1.7
  • Angiosperms 2
    • Alismatidae 2.1
    • Arecidae 2.2
    • Asterids 2.3
    • Caryophyllidae 2.4
    • Commelinidae 2.5
    • Dilleniidae 2.6
    • Hamamelidae 2.7
    • Lilliidae 2.8
    • Magnoliidae 2.9
    • Rosidae 2.10
    • Zingiberidae 2.11
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Gymnosperms

Equisetophyta

Lycopodiophyta

Pinophyta - sd:cycadophytina

Pinophyta - sd:gnetophytina

.

Pine, fir, spruce, cedar, larch and cypress are the famous timber-yielding plants of which several also occur widely in the hilly regions of India

Pinophyta - sd:pinophytina

Polypodiophyta

Psilotophyta


Angiosperms

Alismatidae

Arecidae

Asterids

Caryophyllidae

Commelinidae

Dilleniidae

Hamamelidae

Lilliidae

Magnoliidae

Rosidae

Zingiberidae

See also

References

  1. ^ Chuahan, Nidhi; Hitendra Padalia; Stutee Gupta; M. C. Porwal; P. S. Roy (25 July 2003). Sw., a rare epiphytic fern ally of Great Nicobar Island: Exploration and habitat monitoring"Psilotum complanatum". Current Science 85 (2): 193–197. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  • SPECIES CHECKLIST: Species Diversity in India; ENVIS Centre: Wildlife & Protected Areas (Secondary Database); Wildlife Institute of India (WII)
  • ENVIS Centre: Wildlife & Protected Areas (Secondary Database); Wildlife Institute of India (WII)
  • Free EBOOK: Special Habitats and Threatened Plants of India; Wildlife Institute of India (WII)
  • ENVIS Centre on Conservation of Ecological Heritage and Sacred Sights of India; ENVIS; C.P.R. Environmental Education Centre is a Centre of Excellence of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

External links

  • List of Indian medicinal plants on the Biodiversity of India website. A list of 932 commercially traded Indian medicinal plants (as per the ENVIS-FRLHT database) and their taxonomic status.
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 1
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 2
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 3
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 4
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 5
  • Hooker, J. D. Flora of British India Volume 6
  • Flora of Andhra Pradesh By Sharfudding Khan
  • Flora of Andhra Pradesh by RD Reddy
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