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Fort White, Burma

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Title: Fort White, Burma  
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Subject: Battles and operations of the Indian National Army, Battle of Imphal
Collection: Buildings and Structures in Chin State, Forts in Myanmar
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Fort White, Burma

Fort White (Upper Burma during their third expeditions in the annexation of the Chin Hills in 1889. Its location was on the eastern (leeward) side of the Letha Range midway between Kale and Tiddim towns in what is now the Tiddim Township of Chin State, Burma (Myanmar).

Contents

  • History of the name 1
  • Plan 2
  • During World War II 3
  • People 4
  • The Chin called 5

History of the name

Though it was a mere military stockade, it was indicated as a well-known spot on every old world-map, as it was named after Field Marshal Sir George Stuart White who was one of the famous British peers.

Plan

It was garrisoned and a post and telegraph office was established there on the 13.1.1889 to be linked with their rearward, Kalemyo of Sagaing Division and other parts of the country down to Rangoon.

During World War II

During the second World War, it was reduced to ashes by air-raids and shelling with heavy guns from the Allied Forces at mount Kennedy and yet it was not restored after the end of the war, since it had to be swerved off by the new Kale-Tiddim motor car road from the old one intersecting it. It has been deserted ever since the British colonial government had left.

There had been a heliograph station, too, on a horn of the Letha range near it to the west of the stockade at a distance of about four furlongs. It belonged to the Chin Hills Bn (BFF) of Falam to be communicated with other outstation such as, Kalemyo, No. 3 Stockade (Natang), Dimlo-Tiddim, Lungpi-Falam and Haka. Later on, it was occupied by a detachment of the Allied Force until just before the Japanese army stormed the fort of White and it was razed to the ground in the war.

The Fort White post and telegraph office was the transit office of the whole Chin Hills connected with Kale, Tiddim, Haka and Falam offices.

It has a temperate climate but the temperature usually drops below freezing point in the months from November to February every year.

Its natural vegetation is evergreen and the land is good for grazing mithuns and sheep that Major M.C. Moore, Commanding Officer of the Chin Hills Bn. Reared sheep, kept jersey bulls and stallions for mating with the indigenous females.

Notwithstanding its fame, not a copy of its photo nor its picture is its entirely is available so far, in spite of hunting it every nook and cranny ( a person to keep it) for many bygone years.

People

This fort is an important historic spot in the Chin Hills worth remembering in our history. So it was painted by artist Daniel Son za Howe from his memory as exactly as he saw it in his boyhood when he frequented there for sightseeing and authenticated by

  1. Ex. Hav. Ngaw Khup, 90, of Khuasak
  2. U E. Pau Za Kam, 85, retired State Education Officer, Khuasak and
  3. U Hau za Kimlai, 83, retired State Forest Officer, Buanman

who in their living memory, had lived there for many years and they are still vividly familiar with all the scenic spots there and in the neighbourhood.

The Chin called

A graveyard which the Chins called, "The White Cemetery" where the British pioneer soldiers killed in action against the Chins in their occupation of the Siyin valley were buried is situated in the north about a mile away from it. The British ranking officers interred there include Major Gordon Cunning and Major Stevens.

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