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Frangipani family

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Title: Frangipani family  
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Subject: Torre Astura, Tolfa, 14 regions of Medieval Rome, Cencio II Frangipane, Oddone Frangipane
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Frangipani family

The Frangipani family was a powerful Roman patrician clan in the Middle Ages. The family was firmly Guelph in sympathy.[1]

The name has many spellings, which include Frangipane, Freiapane, Fricapane and Fresapane.[1]

In his Trattatello in laude di Dante, Boccaccio traces the descent of Dante from the family.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Famous members 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4

History

The first mention of the family dates from 1014, in a document relating to the Abbazia di Farfa.[2] A parchment diploma of Ottone I in the Frangipani archive at Castello di Porpetto, in Friuli, is dated 10 January 973.[3]:11

The family played a significant part in the struggle between Pope Gregory VII and Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, and briefly governed Rome from 1107–1108. In the feuding between the Orsini and Colonna families they supported the Orsini. Their power was at its greatest when they achieved the election of Pope Honorius II in 1124.[1] From no later than 1130 the Frangipani held the Colosseum of Rome, which they had fortified and which gave them strategic control of the approaches to the Lateran Palace, the papal residence, from the north and west; the family lost control of the Colosseum to the Annibaldi in the mid-thirteenth century.[4]:222

In 1268 Giovanni Frangipane, lord of Astura, betrayed the boy Conradin, Duke of Swabia, who took refuge with him after his defeat at the Battle of Tagliacozzo. Frangipane arrested him and handed him over to Charles of Anjou, who beheaded him.[5]

The family had feuds in the Campagna south of Rome, among them Astura, Cisterna, Marino, Ninfa and Terracina, and later Nemi.[2]

The Frangipani had the right of burial at the church of San Marcello al Corso in Rome;[2] the Frangipani Chapel there has an oil painting by Federico Zuccari and frescoes by his brother Taddeo.

A branch of the family in Friuli had estates at Tarcento and Porpetto.[2] The lords of the island of Veglia (now Krk in Croatia) claimed to be related and took the name Frankopan on the basis of false documents provided by Pope Martin V.[2]

Famous members

References

  1. ^ a b c d Francesco Frascarelli (1970). Frangipani (in Italian). Enciclopedia Dantesca. Archived 17 December 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Eugenio Dupré Theseider (1932). Frangipane (in Italian). Enciclopedia Italiana. Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed May 2015.
  3. ^ Giuseppe Mazzatinti. (1988 [1899–1900]). Gli Archivi della Storia d'Ítalia (facsimile, in Italian). Hildesheim; New York: Georg Olms Verlag. ISBN 3487090449.
  4. ^ David Lee Bomgardner (2000). The Story of the Roman Amphitheatre. London: Routledge. ISBN 9780415165938.
  5. ^ Giovanni Frangipane (in Italian). Enciclopedie on line. Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed April 2015.
  6. ^ Frangipane (in Italian). Enciclopedie on line. Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Accessed May 2015.

Further reading

  • Friederich Heyer von Rosenfield (1873), "Grafen Frangipani", in: , Volume 4, part 3Wappenbuch: Der Adel des Königreichs Dalmatien (in German). Nürnberg: Bauer und Raspe. p. 44–45.
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