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Frank C. Carlucci III

Frank Carlucci
16th United States Secretary of Defense
In office
November 23, 1987 – January 20, 1989
President Ronald Reagan
Deputy William Howard Taft IV
Preceded by Caspar Weinberger
Succeeded by Dick Cheney
15th National Security Advisor
In office
December 2, 1986 – November 23, 1987
President Ronald Reagan
Deputy Peter Rodman
Preceded by John M. Poindexter
Succeeded by Colin Powell
18th Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
February 4, 1981 – December 31, 1982
President Ronald Reagan
Preceded by W. Graham Claytor, Jr.
Succeeded by W. Paul Thayer
13th Deputy Director of the CIA
In office
February 5, 1978 – February 4, 1981
Appointed by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by John Francis Blake
Succeeded by Bobby Ray Inman
United States Ambassador to Portugal
In office
December 9, 1974 – February 5, 1978
Appointed by Gerald Ford
Preceded by Stuart Nash Scott
Succeeded by Richard J. Bloomfield
4th Director of the OEO
In office
January 1971 – December 1972
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Donald Rumsfeld
Succeeded by Philip V. Sanchez
Personal details
Born Frank Charles Carlucci III
(1930-10-18) October 18, 1930 (age 83)
Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Republican
Alma mater Princeton University
Harvard Business School
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1952-1954

Frank Charles Carlucci III (born October 18, 1930) served as the United States Secretary of Defense from 1987 to 1989 in the administration of President Ronald Reagan. Prior to that, Carlucci served in a variety of senior-level governmental positions, including Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity in the Richard Nixon administration, Deputy Director of the CIA in the Jimmy Carter administration, and Deputy Secretary of Defense and National Security Adviser in the Reagan administration.

Early life and career

Carlucci was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the son of Roxanne (née Bacon) and Frank Charles Carlucci, Jr., an insurance broker. His father was of Italian and Swiss descent.[1] He graduated from Wyoming Seminary in 1948 and Princeton University in 1952, where he roomed with Donald Rumsfeld, and attended Harvard Business School for an MBA in 1954-55. He was a Naval officer from 1952-54. He joined the Foreign Service, working for the State Department from 1956 until 1969. In 1961 he participated in a CIA mission to Congo.

According to James Schlesinger, following the death of Patrice Lumumba, the new Prime Minister of the Congo, Cyrille Adoula, began a meeting with President John F. Kennedy with the question "Ou est Carlucci?" (Where is Carlucci?), who first responded "Who the hell is Carlucci?'" and then sent Dean Rusk to find him.[2]

In the year 2000, a film called Lumumba portrayed him as being involved during his service in Congo in the murder of Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba. Carlucci furiously denied the charges, and successfully went to court to prevent being named in the film when it was released in the United States.

Administration


During the early 1970s Donald Rumsfeld became Mr. Carlucci's protégé as Mr. Carlucci showed him the ropes. In 1969, when President Nixon persuaded Rumsfeld to leave his congressional seat to become director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), the agency created by R. Sargent Shriver to fight President Johnson's War on Poverty, Rumsfeld had Carlucci transferred to OEO from the State Department to head up the Community Action Program. Carlucci was Undersecretary of Health, Education and Welfare when Caspar Weinberger was secretary during the Nixon administration. Carlucci became Ambassador to Portugal, and served in this position from 1974 until 1977. He is still very fondly remembered in Portugal among the winners of the November 25 Coup d'État.[3] Carlucci was Deputy Director of the CIA from 1978–1981, under CIA Director Stansfield Turner.

Carlucci was deputy defense secretary from 1981 until 1983,[4] national security advisor from 1986 until 1987, and defense secretary in 1987, following the resignation of Weinberger, his nomination by President Ronald Reagan and his confirmation in the Senate by a vote of 91 to 1. He was reportedly less hard-line in policies toward the Soviet Union than Weinberger. He served as Secretary of Defense until the end of the Reagan administration on January 20, 1989.

On January 5, 2006, he participated in a meeting at the White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials.

Post-Administration work

Business

Carlucci served as chairman of the Nortel Networks.

Organizations

He is affiliated with the

Controversy

Involvement during The Congo Crisis

Patrice Lumumba, the first prime minister of independent Congo, was assassinated in January 1961 during The Congo Crisis. During that time, Carlucci was the second secretary at the US embassy in the Congo and, covertly, a CIA agent. His participation in Lumumba's assassination is implied with the release of US government documents revealing that President Dwight Eisenhower ordered the CIA to murder Lumumba. Minutes of an August 1960 National Security Council meeting confirm that Eisenhower told CIA chief Allen Dulles to "eliminate" the Congolese leader. The official note taker, Robert H. Johnson, testified to this before the Senate Intelligence Committee in 1975.[6][7]

During a broadcast on HBO of the film Lumumba, directed by Raoul Peck, the name of Carlucci was bleeped and removed from the credits due to the ex-CIA official's lawsuit threat. Carlucci’s lawyers threatened Peck and distribution company Zeitgeist Films with legal action if the name of the former US official was not bleeped out of a scene that shows American Ambassador Clare Timberlake and Carlucci, along with Belgian and Congolese officials, plotting Lumumba’s assassination.[8]

References

External links

  • Department of Defense biography
Government offices
Preceded by
Donald Rumsfeld
Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Philip V. Sanchez
Preceded by
Enno Henry Knoche
Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
1978–1981
Succeeded by
Bobby Ray Inman
Political offices
Preceded by
W. Graham Claytor Jr.
Deputy Secretary of Defense
1981–1983
Succeeded by
W. Paul Thayer
Preceded by
John Poindexter
Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
1986–1987
Succeeded by
Colin Powell
Preceded by
Caspar W. Weinberger
U.S. Secretary of Defense
Served under: Ronald Reagan

1987–1989
Succeeded by
Dick Cheney
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