World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Frederick Field (Royal Navy officer)

Article Id: WHEBN0007176524
Reproduction Date:

Title: Frederick Field (Royal Navy officer)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: First Sea Lord, William Reid Owen, Frederick Field, People from North Yorkshire, Sir George Cockburn, 10th Baronet
Collection: 1871 Births, 1945 Deaths, Cancer Deaths in England, Commanders of the Order of the Crown (Romania), First Sea Lords, Foreign Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States), Knights Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Lords of the Admiralty, Officiers of the Légion D'Honneur, People from County Kerry, People from North Yorkshire, Recipients of the Order of St. Anna, 2Nd Class, Royal Navy Admirals of the Fleet, Royal Navy Officers of World War I, Royal Navy Personnel of the Boxer Rebellion
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Frederick Field (Royal Navy officer)

Sir Frederick Field
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Field
Born (1871-04-18)18 April 1871
Killarney, County Kerry
Died 24 October 1945(1945-10-24) (aged 74)
Escrick, North Yorkshire
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1884–1933
Rank Admiral of the Fleet
Commands held HMS Defiance
HMS Duncan
King George VHMS
Battlecruiser Squadron
Mediterranean Fleet
First Sea Lord
Battles/wars Boxer Rebellion
First World War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

Martyn Jerram at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet before serving as First Sea Lord during the early 1930s in which role dealt with the response to the Invergordon Mutiny in September 1931 and ensured the abandonment in 1932 of the 'ten year rule', an attempt by the treasury to control defence expenditure by requesting the Foreign Office to declare whether there was any risk of war during the next ten years.

Contents

  • Early career 1
  • First World War 2
  • Admiral in the Royal Navy 3
  • First Sea Lord 4
  • Family 5
  • References 6
  • Sources 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Early career

Born the second son of Colonel Spencer Field, 6th Royal Warwickshire regiment and Catherine Field (née) Darrah, Field was educated privately before joining the Royal Navy as a cadet in the training ship HMS Britannia in 1884.[1] He was posted as a midshipman to the armoured frigate HMS Minotaur in the Channel Squadron in November 1886.[1] He transferred to the armoured cruiser HMS Imperieuse on the China Station in March 1888 and to the corvette HMS Constance also on the China Station in early 1889.[1] Promoted to sub-lieutenant on 14 November 1890,[2] he was posted to the battleship HMS Dreadnought in the Mediterranean Fleet in April 1892.[1] Promoted again to lieutenant on 1 April 1893,[3] he joined the corvette HMS Volage in the Training Squadron in October 1894 before attending the torpedo school HMS Vernon from November 1895.[1]

The Boxer Rebellion during which Field led a raiding party

After serving on the directing staff at the torpedo school HMS Defiance at Devonport, Field became torpedo officer in HMS Barfleur on the China Station in July 1898.[1] He was mentioned in dispatches for leading a small raiding party which landed at Tianjin in response to the Boxer Rebellion tasked with repairing damaged trains under heavy fire:[4] he was wounded during the action.[1]

Promoted to commander on 30 June 1902,[5] Field was posted to the battleship HMS Albion on the China Station in August 1902 before rejoining the staff at HMS Vernon in 1904.[1] Promoted to captain on 31 December 1907,[6] he became commanding officer of HMS Defiance, the torpedo school at Devonport.[7] He was given command of HMS Duncan as flag captain to Admiral Martyn Jerram, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in 1910 and then became superintendent of the Royal Navy signal schools in 1912.[7]

First World War

The battleship King George VHMS which Field commanded at the Battle of Jutland

He saw service during the

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir William Nicholson
Third Sea Lord and Controller of the Navy
1920–1923
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Fuller
Preceded by
Sir Walter Cowan
Commander, Battlecruiser Squadron
1923–1925
Succeeded by
Sir Cyril Fuller
Preceded by
Sir Roger Keyes
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
1925–1928
Succeeded by
Sir William Fisher
Preceded by
Sir Roger Keyes
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
1928–1930
Succeeded by
Sir Ernle Chatfield
Preceded by
Sir Charles Madden
First Sea Lord
1930–1933
Succeeded by
Sir Ernle Chatfield
  • Biographical article on the HMS Hood website
  • The Dreadnought Project: Frederick Field

External links

  • Murfett, Malcolm (1995). The First Sea Lords from Fisher to Mountbatten. Westport.  

Further reading

  • Heathcote, Tony (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734 – 1995. Pen & Sword Ltd.  

Sources

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Heathcote, p. 74
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26286. p. 2704. 10 May 1892. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26388. p. 2078. 4 April 1893. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27235. p. 6104. 5 October 1900. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27448. p. 4198. 24 June 1902. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28096. p. 34. 3 January 1908. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Heathcote, p. 75
  8. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29751. p. 9064. 15 September 1916. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 29751. p. 9070. 15 September 1916. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30116. p. 5591. 5 June 1917. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31000. p. 13213. 8 November 1918. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31063. p. 14683. 10 December 1918. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31236. p. 3593. 14 March 1919. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31461. p. 9107. 15 July 1919. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31553. p. 11583. 12 September 1919. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31201. p. 2738. 25 February 1919. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32782. p. 2. 29 December 1922. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32981. p. 7327. 10 October 1924. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32978. p. 7101. 30 September 1924. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33376. p. 2740. 17 April 1928. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  21. ^ a b c d Heathcote, p. 76
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33905. p. 524. 24 January 1933. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 33946. p. 3801. 2 June 1933. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  24. ^ "Royal Navy Club of 1765 and 1785 (United 1889)". Retrieved 10 November 2012. 

References

In 1902 Field married Annie Jackson (née Harris); there were no children.[1]

Family

Field retired as First Sea Lord in January 1933 as was promoted to admiral of the fleet on 21 January 1933.[22] He was advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in the 1933 Birthday Honours[23] and was Chairman of the Royal Navy Club of 1765 and 1785 (United 1889) for the years 1935 to 1937.[24] He retired to his home at Escrick Park near Escrick in North Yorkshire where he died from cancer on 24 October 1945.[21]

It was also primarily Field's work in the Committee of Imperial Defence, that led to the abandonment in 1932 of the 'ten year rule'. This had been an attempt by the treasury to control defence expenditure by requesting the Foreign Office to declare whether there was any risk of war during the next ten years.[21]

Field became Sir John Kelly, who was popular with the fleet, was brought out of retirement to take command of the Atlantic Fleet, and the cabinet, acting on Field's advice, hurriedly reconsidered its budget: the pay cuts were restricted to 10% rather than 25%.[21] During the early months of this crisis, Field suffered a perforated ulcer.[21]

First Sea Lord

[7] in June 1928.Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet he became [20] on 5 April 1928,admiral in May 1925 and, having been promoted to full Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff He went on to be [19] Promoted to the rank of

Admiral in the Royal Navy

[15] on 16 September 1919.Distinguished Service Medal He was also awarded the American [14]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.