World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Frick Fine Arts Building

Article Id: WHEBN0011376476
Reproduction Date:

Title: Frick Fine Arts Building  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Schenley Farms Historic District, Pittsburgh Tax Review, The Original Magazine, Learning Research and Development Center, Trees Field
Collection: Art Museums in Pennsylvania, Arts in the United States, Historic District Contributing Properties in Pennsylvania, Libraries in Pennsylvania, Museums in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Renaissance Revival Architecture in Pennsylvania, University and College Academic Buildings in the United States, University and College Academic Libraries in the United States, University Museums in Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh Academic Buildings, Visitor Attractions in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Frick Fine Arts Building

Henry Clay Frick Fine Arts Building
The Frick Fine Arts Building at the University of Pittsburgh sits behind the Schenley Fountain
Coordinates
Built 1962-1965
Architect Burton Kenneth Johnstone
Architectural style Neo-Renaissance
Governing body University of Pittsburgh
Part of Schenley Farms Historic District (#83002213[1])
Added to NRHP July 22, 1983

The Henry Clay Frick Fine Arts Building is a landmark Renaissance villa and a contributing property to the Schenley Farms-Oakland Civic Historic District[2][3] on the campus of the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. The Frick Fine Arts Building sits on the southern edge of Schenley Plaza, opposite The Carnegie Institute, and is the home of Pitt’s History of Art and Architecture Department, Studio Arts Department, and the Frick Fine Arts Library. Before its front steps is Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Building use and features 2
  • Nicholas Lochoff Cloister 3
  • Frick Fine Arts Library 4
  • University Arts Gallery 5
  • Popular culture 6
  • Gallery 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Henry Clay Frick portrait by Malvina Hoffman on the facade of the building

The Frick Fine Arts Building sits on the site of the former Schenley Park Casino, Pittsburgh’s first multi-purpose arena with an indoor ice skating rink, sat on the location of the building before burning down in December 1896.[4]

The building itself is a gift of Helen Clay Frick (1888–1984), daughter of the Pittsburgh industrialist and art patron Henry Clay Frick (1849–1919). She established the Fine Arts Department at the University of Pittsburgh in 1926 and continued to fund it through the 1950s, when she first made a commitment to create a separate structure to house it.[5] Land for the project was donated to the university by the City of Pittsburgh.

In early negotiations with the University of Pittsburgh, Miss Frick asked that successors to the New York architects Carrère and Hastings design the new facility after the Italian palazzo its firm had built in Manhattan for her father some fifty years earlier. Eventually, however, both parties agreed to Burton Kenneth Johnstone Associates as the architects. Its design is modeled after Pope Julius III's (1487–1555) Villa Giulia in Rome, Italy. The building is constructed of white limestone and marble with a terracotta tile roof around a central courtyard. An octagonal cupola, which caps the central rotunda, rises 45 feet above the ground.[5] The building houses the University of Pittsburgh's Department of History of Art and Architecture, and contains classrooms, an open cloister, an art gallery, a 200-seat auditorium, as well as a research library. Construction began in 1962 and the building was opened in May 1965.

By the late 1960s Miss Frick, unhappy that the university did not conform to her restrictions on management of both the department and the new building, severed her ties with the University of Pittsburgh. She responded by creating a new venture, The Frick Art Museum, on the property of her ancestral home, Clayton, a few miles east in Pittsburgh's Point Breeze neighborhood. That museum operates today as a part of the Frick Art & Historical Center complex.

Building use and features

The Nicholas Lochoff Cloister of Frick Fine Arts Building

The Frick Fine Arts Building consists of classrooms, a library, and art galleries around an open cloister and contains a 45 feet (14 m) high octagon capped by a pyramidal roof.[6]

A noted 1965 low relief portrait of Henry Clay Frick by Malvina Hoffman in limestone sits above the entrance to the building. Hoffman was 79 years old when she accepted the commission. She could not sculpt it herself because union rules prevented sculptors from working on a relief attached to a building. However, she climbed up on the scaffolding to oversee the completion of the work.[7][8] Inside the main entrance, a neon work by contemporary Chinese artist Gu Wenda is installed in the lobby.[9]

The building also contains a 200-seat auditorium that is used for lectures, performances, and special events.[10]

Nicholas Lochoff Cloister

The Frick Fine Arts Library

The Nicholas Lochoff Cloister is a main feature of the Frick Fine Arts Building. Its large paintings of Italian masterpieces are scale reproductions that were commissioned in 1911 from Nicholas Lochoff by the Moscow Museum of Fine Arts (now the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts). Lochoff worked slowly and carefully. Only a few paintings were completed and sent back to Russia by the Russian Revolution of 1917. Lochoff, unable to return because of new communist regime, felt compelled to sell off the paintings. Buyers included Harvard University and the Frick Art Reference Library in New York. Miss Frick acquired the entire collection, however, after Lochoff's death, with the help of art critic Bernard Berenson. In 2003, the paintings were cleaned and restored by Christine Daulton. Also in the gallery are noted Carrara marble reproductions of 14th century Annunciation figures by sculptor Alceo Dossena.[11]

Frick Fine Arts Library

Located in Frick Fine Arts Building, this two-story library houses a circulating research collection serving the Department of the History of Art and Architecture. The Collection contains over 90,000 volumes and subscribes to more than 350 journals in relevant fields and is ranked among the top 10 fine art libraries in the country.[12][13] The library's reading room is constructed of fruit wood paneling and cabinetwork with gold leaf trim designed by Italian craftsmen. The library is further appointed by wrought iron balcony railings, terracotta tile flooring, maple tables with matching Windsor chairs, and ceiling-high windows furnishing views of Schenley Park. An inscription on the wall facing the entrance indicates the libraries dedication to Henry Clay Frick.[5]

University Arts Gallery

Entrance to the University Arts Gallery flanked by marble Dossena statues

The permanent collection contains a collection of prints and graphic works dating from the 16th through 20th centuries and regularly hosts changing exhibitions sponsored by the Department of the History of Art and Architecture and the Friends organization. Some of the more prominent pieces in the permanent collection include a large collection of Jacques Callot and Gertrude Quastler prints; 16th-18th century drawings from the Clapp and Denny families; a collection of 19th and 20th century photography; the Gimbel collection of American art; and various Japanese prints, Asian ceramics, portraits, and Pittsburgh-related paintings by Hetzel, Gorson, and Kane.[5]

Popular culture

The Frick Fine Arts Building appeared in scenes set at the University of Pittsburgh on an episode of As the World Turns that aired on November 12, 2002.[14]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ "Oakland Civic Center City Designated Historic District". City of Pittsburgh Historic Review Commission. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  3. ^ Sajna, Mike (1997-01-23). "Hearing set on historic landmark nomination for two Pitt buildings". University Times 29 (10) (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh). Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  4. ^ http://www.haa.pitt.edu/resources/documents/SchenleyPark.pdf
  5. ^ a b c d http://www.haa.pitt.edu/resources/documents/ffab.pdf
  6. ^ Toker, Franklin (2009). Pittsburgh: A New Portrait. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press. p. 335.  
  7. ^ "Office of Public Art - Greater Pittsburgh Arts Council". Publicartpittsburgh.org. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "History of Art and Architecture: Permanent Collection". University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Media Enhanced Classrooms: Frick Fine Arts 125". University of Pittsburgh Center or Instructional Development & Distance Education. September 30, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  11. ^ Miller, Donald (1968-12-05). "Pitt Fakes Given New Importance". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  12. ^ "Frick Fine Arts Library - University Library System - University of Pittsburgh". Library.pitt.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-16. 
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "Students, Staff Debut on As the World Turns". Pitt Chronicle (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh). 2002-11-11. Retrieved 2010-07-02. 
  • Alberts, Robert C. (1987). Pitt: the story of the University of Pittsburgh 1787–1987. University of Pittsburgh Press.  
  • Marylynne Pitz (2003). : Rare murals being restored in Pitt fine arts buildingPittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved May 23, 2007.
  • Toker, Franklin (1994) [1986]. Pittsburgh: An Urban Portrait. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.  

External links

  • Frick Fine Arts Building on Pitt's virtual Campus Tour
  • Frick Fine Arts Building photos

Art Gallery

  • University Art Gallery
  • Art Anytime virtual gallery of art in Frick Fine Arts Building

Departments

  • Department of History of Art & Architecture
  • Department of Studio Arts
  • Frick Fine Arts Library

Panorama

  • Frick Fine Arts Library Panoramic

Video

  • WQED OnQ: Lochoff's Replicas
Preceded by
Forbes Hall
University of Pittsburgh Buildings
Frick Fine Arts Building

Constructed: 1962-1965
Succeeded by
School of Information Sciences Building
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.