World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Friedrich Franek

Article Id: WHEBN0029350675
Reproduction Date:

Title: Friedrich Franek  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Battle of Monte Cassino, Werner Gust
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Friedrich Franek

Dr. rer. pol. Friedrich "Fritz" Franek
Nickname(s) "Fritz"
Born 16 July 1891
Vienna
Died 8 April 1976(1976-04-08) (aged 84)
Vienna
Allegiance Austria–Hungary (to 1918)
First Austrian Republic (to 1938)
Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1910–1945
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 196. Infanterie-Division
44. Reichs-Grenadier-Division Hoch und Deutschmeister
73. Infanterie-Division
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Dr. rer. pol. Friedrich "Fritz" Franek[Notes 1] (16 July 1891 – 8 April 1976) was a highly decorated Generalleutnant in the Wehrmacht during World War II.

Career

He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross, awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. He was one of only two officers in the German Wehrmacht who held the Military Order of Maria Theresa, the highest Austro-Hungarian decoration for bravery as well as the Knight's Cross.

In the summer of 1944, Franek was commanding the German 73rd Infantry Division as the Red Army was advancing through Poland. At the end of July, during the Lublin–Brest Offensive, he joined battle at Garwolin with the Soviet 2nd Guards Tank Army under the command of Alexei Radzievsky, when the German forces were routed and Franek himself was captured.[1] He was held prisoner until 1948.

Awards and decorations

Reference in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
8 February 1944 In den harten mehrtägigen Abwehrkämpfen nordwestlich Cassino hat sich die 44. Reichs-Grenadierdivision "Hoch- und Deutschmeister" unter Führung des Generalleutnants Franek mit einem unterstellten Bataillon des Grenadier-Regiments (mot.) 8 und einer Kampfgruppe unter Führung des Oberst Baade besonders ausgezeichnet.[3] Northwest in the tough multi-day defensive battles at Cassino, the 44th Reichs-Grenadier Division "Hoch- und Deutschmeister" under the leadership of Lieutenant General Franek with a subordinate battalion of the Grenadier Regiment (mot) 8 and a battle group under the leadership of Colonel Baade particularly distinguished themselves.

Notes

  1. ^ In German a Doctorate of political economy is abbreviated as Dr. rer. pol. (Doctor rerum politicarum).

References

Citations
  1. ^ Robert Forczyk, Warsaw 1944: Poland's bid for freedom (2009, ISBN 1846033527), p. 13
  2. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 154.
  3. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 30.
Bibliography

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Richard Pellengahr
Commander of 196. Infanterie-Division
1 March 1942 – 24 December 1943
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Kurt Möhring
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Dr. jur. Franz Beyer
Commander of 44. Reichs-Grenadier-Division Hoch und Deutschmeister
1 January 1944 – 1 May 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Bruno Ortner
Preceded by
Generalmajor Johannes Nedtwig
Commander of 73. Infanterie-Division
26 June 1944 – 29 July 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Kurt Haehling
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.