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Fruitbearing Society

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Fruitbearing Society

Fruitbearing Society Emblem and a Meeting of the Members
Emblem
A meeting

The Fruitbearing Society (German Die Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft, lat. societas fructifera) was a German literary society founded in 1617 in Weimar by German scholars and nobility.[1] Its aim was to standardize vernacular German and promote it as both a scholarly and literary language, after the pattern of the Accademia della Crusca in Florence and similar groups already thriving in Italy, followed in later years also in France (1635) and Britain.

It was also known as the Palmenorden ("Palm Order") because its emblem was the then-exotic fruitbearing coconut palm. Caspar von Teutleben (1576–1629), Hofmarschall at the court in Weimar, was the founding father of the society. As a young man he had travelled Italy and got inspired by the Italian language academies.[2] During the funeral celebrations of Duchess Dorothea Maria in August 1617 which were attended by several princes he took the opportunity to propose the founding of a society following the example of the Italian Accademia della Crusca.[3] Particularly Prince Ludwig von Anhalt-Köthen who already had joined the Accademia della Crusca in 1600 took hold of the idea and became the first president of the Palm Order.[4]

The society counted a king, 153 Germanic princes, and over 60 barons, nobles, and distinguished scholars among its members. It disbanded in 1668.

The first book about the Palm Order, Der Teutsche Palmbaum, was written by Carl Gustav von Hille and published in Nuremberg in 1647.[5]

Contents

  • Members 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Members

The society had 890 members.[6] Of these, the below list only includes those that have articles on the English WorldHeritage. For a more complete list, including their fruitbearing names, see this German article.

Notes

  1. ^ Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft, in Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon (1905) at zeno.org (in German)
  2. ^ Teutleben, Caspar von at deutsche-biographie.de (in German)
  3. ^ Teutleben, Caspar von at deutsche-biographie.de (in German)
  4. ^ Fürst Ludwig von Anhalt-Köthen (Der Nährende) , at die-fruchtbringende-gesellschaft.de
  5. ^ Electronic edition at diglib.hab.de: Der Teutsche Palmbaum : Das ist, Lobschrift Von der Hochlöblichen/ Fruchtbringenden Gesellschaft Anfang/ Satzungen/ Vorhaben/ Namen/ Sprüchen/ Gemählen, Schriften und unverwelklichem Tugendruhm / Der Unverdrossene. – Nürnberg : Endter, 1647
  6. ^ http://www.die-fruchtbringende-gesellschaft.de/index.php?article_id=15

References

  • Taking pride in their language, finding uses for everythingUniversity of California, Berkeley, News article: February 11, 2004
  • die-fruchtbringende-gesellschaft.de (List of members)

External links

  • Finding aid to the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft Collection: Manuscript and Pictorial Material, 1592–1754 at The Bancroft Library
  • Neue Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft zu Köthen/Anhalt
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