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G1 Beijing–Harbin Expressway

Beijing–Harbin Expressway


Jingha Expressway
Beijing–Harbin Expressway in red.
Taken July 2004
Route information
Part of
Length: 1,200 km[1] (700 mi)
Existed: 28 September 2001 – present
Major junctions
South end: Sifang Bridge, Shuanglong Road and 4th Ring Road, Beijing
  Wufang Bridge, 5th Ring Road, Beijing
Shiyuan Bridge, 6th Ring Road, Beijing
National Highway 103, Beijing
S1 Jinji Expressway, Tianjin
G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (north) and Tangshan West Outer Ring Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
National Highway 112, Tangshan, Hebei
G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway (south), Tangshan, Hebei
Yanhai Expressway, Qinhuangdao, Hebei
G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (north), Jinzhou, Liaoning
G2512 Fuxin–Jinzhou Expressway, Jinzhou, Liaoning
G16 Dandong–Xilinhot Expressway (south), Panjin, Liaoning
G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
G2511 Xinmin–Lubei Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway, Shenyang, Liaoning
G25 Changchun–Shenzhen Expressway, Siping, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (south), Changchun, Jilin
G1201 Changchun Ring Expressway (north), Changchun, Jilin
G10 Suifenhe–Manzhouli Expressway and G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway, Harbin, Heilongjiang
North end: China National Highway 102, Harbin, Heilongjiang
Highway system
G99 G1N

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway (simplified Chinese: 北京-哈尔滨高速公路; traditional Chinese: 北京-哈爾濱高速公路), designated as G1 and commonly abbreviated as Jingha Expressway (Chinese: 京哈高速) is an expressway in northeastern China linking the cities of Beijing and Harbin.

The Beijing–Harbin Expressway is commonly referred to as the Jingha Expressway. This name is derived from the two one-character Chinese abbreviations of the two cities at which the expressway terminates, Jing for Beijing and Ha for Harbin.


  • Route 1
  • History 2
  • Toll network 3
  • Detailed Itinerary 4
  • References 5


The Beijing–Harbin Expressway runs from Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. It passes through the following major cities:[2]


The first section of the Beijing–Harbin Expressway, opened in the 1990s was the short-lived Jingqin Expressway, running between the outskirts of Beijing and Qinhuangdao.

In 1990s the expressway was extended northeast from Qinhuangdao to Shenyang and westward to the 4th Ring Road in Beijing to become the Jingshen Expressway. The 658 km expressway from central Beijing to Shenyang was completed in time for the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. It opened to the general motoring public on September 15, 1999, after four years of work on different sections.

The expressway was extended to Harbin during the rapid expansion of the Chinese expressway system in the 2000s. The completed expressway was opened on September 28, 2001. It is now one of the seven radial expressways emanating from Beijing.

Improvements were made to the expressway in 2003 and 2004 by removing several toll stations in 2003 and repairing the previously uneven road surface between the 6th Ring Road and Xijizhen in Beijing in 2004.

On October 8, 2004, 36 vehicles were involved a horrendous series of car crashes on the expressway. The crashes occurred in the westbound lanes near the interchange with the Jinji Expressway, in the Tianjin municipality. Traffic was delayed up for over one and a half hours.

Toll network

When the expressway opened in September 1999, people were complaining about one thing: namely, the sheer number of toll gates. In some cases, a toll booth appeared every 15 kilometres.

It so turned out that the Jingshen expressway was constructed by different organisations, and as a result, each set up their own toll gate. This seemed to be OK at the start, but made traffic awfully slow, as traffic piled up in front of toll gates.

The PRC's Ministry of Communications (Transport) stepped in after four years and declared that, effective September 1, 2003, the Baodi toll gate in Tianjin and the Yutian toll gate in Hebei would be demolished, in order to create a networked toll system. Additionally, two expressway toll gates near Shanhaiguan would be merged as one. (Plans also hint that the toll gate at Bailu, Beijing, just east of the Eastern 5th Ring Road, would be gone soon, as soon as Beijing "gets its act together" and joins the networked toll system. The toll gate at Xianghe in Hebei, however, would be kept.)

Thus, for the section from Xianghe in western Hebei through to Shanhaiguan in eastern Hebei (and even through the Tianjin portion), this networked toll system applies—one of the first of its kind. This does away with the previous system, where toll booths appeared every time the jurisdiction changed. For some odd reason, Beijing and Liaoning are still not part of the networked toll system.

China plans to expand the networked toll system nationwide, starting with the Jingshen expressway as some kind of testing ground. For now, the change is being accepted positively. Average speed on the expressway has gone up, and a May 2004 law on traffic in general raised maximum speed limits on expressways nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. This makes traffic jams on this expressway either rare, or a thing of the past.

Detailed Itinerary

The Xianghe Toll Gate (Jingshen Expwy Hebei segment, July 2004 image)
Jingshen Expressway (Beijing segment, taken in July 2004)
Jingshen Expressway (Tianjin segment, taken in July 2004)

The following is a list of interchanges As of 2005 along the expressway from Beijing to Shenyang.

From Beijing
Continues as:
Shanglong Road
East 4th Ring Road
0c Louzizhuang
Happy Valley Beijing
3 Gaobeidian Road
4 Side Road
5 A-B East S50 5th Ring Road
6 Dougezhuang
Beijing Bailu Toll Station
Beijing Metropolitan Area
12 Tongma Highway
X014 Road
Tianjiafu Service Area
G45-East G4501 6th Ring Road
G103 Road
S301 Road
X002 Road
S207 Road
G95 Capital Ring Expressway
Beijing City
Hebei Province
S271 Road
Hebei Xianghe Toll Station
S274 Road
Hebei Province
Tianjin City
S210 Road
80 S101 Road
S1 Jinji Expressway
S21 Tangcheng Expressway
X574 Road
Xinanzhen Service Area
Tianjin City
Hebei Province
S208 Road
Yutian Service Area
S027 Road
G25 Changshen Expressway
149 G112 – Tangshan, Fengrun
G2502 Tangjin Expressway
S23 Expressway
S262 Road
Luanxian Service Area

Qian'an Expressway
S252 Road
Lulong Service Area
S026 Road
S261 Road
S025 Jingshen Expressway
Beidaihe Service Area
S012 Yanhai Expressway (To be renamed G0111 Qinbin Expressway)
S52 Chengqin ExprGessway

G1N Jingqin Expressway
G102 Road
S251 Road
S024 Road
Shanhaiguan Toll Station
Shanhaiguan Service Area
G102 Road
S364 Road
Hebei Province
Liaoning Province
G102 Road
Wanjia Toll Station
G102 Road
Suizhong Service Area
G306 Road
S213 Road
G102 Road
Xingcheng Service Area
G102 Road

Huludao Metropolitan Area
Haichen Road
Towards G102 Road
Daodong Road
Tashan Service Area
442 S306 Road
Huludao Metropolitan Area
Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone
S204 Road
S308 Road
Jinzhou Economic and Technical Development Zone
G16 Danxi Expressway
Concurrent with G16 Danxi Expressway
S209 Road
Linghai Service Area
G2512 Fujin Expressway
481 X711 Road
S308 Road
Concurrent with G16 Danxi Expressway
G16 Danxi Expressway

S21 Fuying Expressway
Panjin Service Area
G305 Road
S210 Road
S307 Road
G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
Liaozhong Service Area
S106 Road
S107 Road
S304 Road
Shenyang Metropolitan Area
639 Gaohua
Gaohua Service Area
Shenyang Toll Station
G1113 Dafu Expressway
G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
G102 Road
G202 Road
S109 Road
Shenyang Metropolitan Area
Concurrent with G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
Concurrent with G1113 Danfu Expressway
G304 Road
Concurrent with G1113 Danfu Expressway
G1113 Danfu Expressway
Xijiang Street
Shenyang Metropolitan Area
G101 Road
Yixueyaun Station
Lingyuan Street
G203 Road
Concurrent with G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
G1501 Shenyang Ring Expressway
Shenyan Road
Shenyang Metropolitan Area
Puhe Road
Towards Huishan
Qipanshan Forest Park
G102 Road
S107 Road
Guaipo Scenery Zone
G102 Road
S331 Road
G91 Liaozhong Ring Expressway
Yinzhou Metropolitan Area
G102 Road
Tieling Service Area
G102 Road
Yinzhou Metropolitan Area
Kaiyuan Service Area
S303 Road
S14 Liaokai Expressway
G102 Road
G102 Road
S17 Pingkang Expressway
Maojiadian Toll Station
Liaoning Province
Jilin Province
Siping Metropolitan Area
Siping Toll Station
Kaifaqu Road
North to Siping-Centre
South to G303 Road
Siping Metropolitan Area
Kaoshantun Service Area
X152 Road
Gongzhuling Service Area
G102 Road
Gongzhuling South Station
Taojiantun Service Area
X063 Road
Changchun Metropolitan Area
949 G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
Concurrent with G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
Changchun Service Area
960 S26 Fuchang Expressway
Renmin Street
969 S102 Road
Zhongyiyaodaxue Station
977 A-B G12 Hunwu Expressway
Orient Square
Museum of the Imperial Palace of the Manchu State
Concurrent with G12 Hunwu Expressway
983 S101 Road
Dongrong Road
993 North Yuanda Street
Towards G102 Road
Concurrent with G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
Concurrent with G12 Hunwu Expressway
995 G0102 Changchun Ring Expressway
G12 Hunwu Expressway
Mishazi Service Area
Changchun Metropolitan Area
Deha Road
X025 Road
X144 Road
Yutao Road
Towards Yushi
S301 Road
Jilin Province
Heilongjiang Province
G102 Road
G102 Road
Yunlianghe Service Area
Harbin Metropolitan Area
G10 Suiman Expressway
G1001 Harbin Ring Expressway
Harbin Wapenyao Toll Station

G102 Road
Tongjiang Road Station
Continues as:
G102 Road
Towards Beijing


  1. ^ 中国高速公路7918网总规划 (Chinese)
  2. ^ G1 京哈高速 (Chinese)
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