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Gacko

Gacko
Гацко
View on Gacko
View on Gacko
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Gacko within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates:
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Government
 • Mayor Milan Radmilović (SDS) [1]
Area
 • Total 735,88 km2 (28,412 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 9,734
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 59

Gacko (Cyrillic: Гацко) is a town and municipality in southeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina in the Republika Srpska entity. It is located in the Foča Region.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • Settlements of Gacko 3
  • Economy 4
  • Sport 5
  • Notable people 6
  • Demographic history 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Geography

The town is in a short distance from Montenegro. The municipality covers an area of 736 km2 (284 sq mi), making it one of the larger municipalities in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

History

In Medieval times, the town was a župa of the Principality and Kingdom of Serbia. In 1276, Serbian prince Stefan Dragutin fought his father's (King Stephen Uroš I of Serbia) troops on the Gatačko polje (Gacko field), and subsequently took the throne. Gacko was at this time an important commercial centre on the Dubrovnik-Foča-route. In its turbulent history, Gacko has often changed rulers: after the fall of Dušan's Kingdom, Gacko became part of the Bosnian Kingdom, and in 1465 it fell under the Ottoman Empire. Austro-Hungarian authorities took over it in 1878 by the decision made at the Berlin Congress.[1] In the 14th century the region is seat of Hum, under the House of Vojinović.[2] In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina sparking the Bosnian crisis which eventually led to World War I. After that war, Gacko joined the State of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, going onto to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the end of 1918. These were the first incarnations of Yugoslavia where Gacko remained until Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence in 1992. The town saw heavy fighting in the Bosnian war. Since the peace deals at the end of that conflict, Gacko has remained within the Republika Srpska entity.

Settlements of Gacko

AvtovacBahoriBašićiBerušicaBrajićevićiBranilovići • • ČemernoDanićiDobreljiDomrkeDonja BodežištaDramešinaDražljevoDrugovićiDubljevićiFojnica • Gacko • GarevaGornja BodežištaGračanicaGradinaHodinićiIgriIzgoriJabukaJasenikJugovićiKazanciKljučKokorinaKravarevoKulaLipnikLončariLukaLukoviceLjeskov DubMedanićiMeđuljićiMekavciMelečićiMiholjačeMjedenikMrđenovićiMuhovićiNadinićiNovi DulićiPlaticePodaPridvoricaPržineRavniRudo PoljeSamoborSlivljaSoderiSrđevićiStambelićiStari DulićiStepenStolacŠipovicaŠumićiUlinjeVišnjevoVratkovićiVrbaZagradciZurovići i Žanjevica.

Economy

Gacko Power Plant

There is a thermoelectric powerplant in the municipality, which is the main employer. The Czech power company ČEZ intends to build a new power plant.[2][3]

Sport

The local football club, FK Mladost Gacko, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

Notable people

Demographic history

Census year Total Serbs
{See: Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina}
Bosniaks
(Muslims by nationality)
Croats
{See: Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina}
Yugoslavs Others
Municipality data
1991 10,788 6,661 (61.74%) 3,858 (35.76%) 29 (0.26%) 84 (0.77%) 156 (1.44%)
1981 10,279 6,215 (60.46%) 3,424 (33.31%) 21 (0.20%) 346 (3.36%) 273 (2.65%)
1971 12,033 7,634 (63.44%) 4,184 (34.77%) 15 (0.12%) 20 (0.16%) 180 (1.49%)
Town data
1991 2,253 4,584 2,144 28 78 81

See also

References

  1. ^ Cumans and Tatars: Oriental military in the pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365, page 99
  2. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=LvVbRrH1QBgC&pg=PA53

External links

  • http://www.gacko-rs.info
  • http://www.virtualnahercegovina.com/vijesti/gacko
  • http://www.gacko.net

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