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Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area

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Title: Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area  
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Subject: Alabama, Etowah County, Alabama, Altoona, Alabama, Glencoe, Alabama, Southside, Alabama, Attalla, Alabama, Gadsden, Alabama, Hokes Bluff, Alabama, Mountainboro, Boaz, Rainbow City, Alabama
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Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area

Etowah County, Alabama
Gadsden
Alabama

Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 7, 1866
Seat Gadsden
Largest city Gadsden
Area
 • Total 548.75 sq mi (1,421 km2)
 • Land 534.82 sq mi (1,385 km2)
 • Water 13.93 sq mi (36 km2), 2.54%
Population
 • (2010) 104,430
 • Density 194/sq mi (75/km²)
Congressional district , ,
Time zone
Website

Etowah County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is from the Cherokee language, which means "edible tree". It is the center of the Gadsden Metropolitan Area which includes Etowah and Cherokee Counties. As of the 2010 census the population was 104,430.[1] Its county seat is Gadsden. In total area, it is the smallest county in Alabama.

History

Etowah was originally the southern part of DeKalb County, Alabama. However Baine County was established on December 7, 1866, named for General David W. Baine of the Confederate Army, with its county seat at Gadsden. On December 1, 1868 the county was abolished and Etowah County was created from the same territory.[2]

An F4 tornado struck here on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994. It destroyed Piedmont's Goshen United Methodist Church twelve minutes after the National Weather Service of Birmingham issued a tornado warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee.

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 548.75 square miles (1,421.3 km2), of which 534.82 square miles (1,385.2 km2) (or 97.46%) is land and 13.93 square miles (36.1 km2) (or 2.54%) is water.[3]

Major highways

  • Interstate 59
  • Interstate 759
  • U.S. Highway 11
  • U.S. Highway 278
  • U.S. Highway 411
  • U.S. Highway 431
  • State Route 77
  • State Route 132
  • State Route 291
  • State Route 759

Rail

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
187010,109
188015,39852.3%
189021,92642.4%
190027,36124.8%
191039,10942.9%
192047,27520.9%
193063,39934.1%
194072,58014.5%
195093,89229.4%
196096,9803.3%
197094,144−2.9%
1980103,0579.5%
199099,840−3.1%
2000103,4593.6%
2010104,4300.9%
Est. 2012104,3920.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 103,459 people, 41,615 households, and 29,463 families residing in the county. The population density was 193 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 45,959 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.87% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,615 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,170, and the median income for a family was $38,697. Males had a median income of $31,610 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,783. About 12.30% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

See also

References

External links

  • Etowah County

Coordinates: 34°3′N 86°2′W / 34.050°N 86.033°W / 34.050; -86.033

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