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Old Gagra
Old Gagra
Location of Gagra in Abkhazia
Location of Gagra in Abkhazia
Location of Gagra in Georgia
Country Georgia
District Gagra
 • Mayor[note 2] Beslan Bartsits Acting

Gagra (

  • webcamera in Gagra

External links

  1. ^ Topchishvili, Roland (2005), History of Georgian Mountain Regions: Svaneti and Its Inhabitants (Ethno-historical Studies). National Parliamentary Library of Georgia
  2. ^
  3. ^ Кәарҷиа В. Е. Аҧсны атопонимика — Аҟәа. 2002. P. 92
  4. ^ Murphy, Paul J. (2004), The Wolves of Islam: Russia and the Faces of Chechen Terror. Brassey's, ISBN 1-57488-830-7.
  5. ^ Human Rights Watch Arms Project. Human Rights Watch/Helsinki. March 1995 Vol. 7, No. 7. Georgia/Abkhazia: Violations of the Laws of War and Russia’s Role in the Conflict
  6. ^


  1. ^ a b autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  2. ^ The Governor of Gagra District is at the same time Mayor of the Gagra municipality.


See also

Gagra is twinned with the following city:

Twin towns — Sister cities

International relations

  • ruins of the Abaata fortress (4th-5th century AD, built by the Anchabadze dynasty-ruling Georgian dynasty);
  • 6th-century church, said to be the oldest in Abkhazia, built by Anchabadze dynasty;
  • Marlinsky defensive tower (1841);
  • 19th-century palace of the Prince of Oldenburg.

The chief landmarks of Gagra are:

An early medieval church of the Protection of the Virgin


were at the centre of the fighting and suffered heavy damage. Sukhumi Gagra and the Abkhazian capital [5][4] In the late 1980s, tensions grew between the Georgian and Abkhazian communities in the region. All-out war erupted between 1992-1993 which ended in a defeat of the Georgian government's forces. Hundreds of thousands of ethnic Georgians were expelled from their homes in Abkhazia in an outbreak of mass

Gagra in post-soviet Abkhazia

The Bolshevik leader, Vladimir Lenin, issued a decree in 1919 establishing a "worker's resort" in Gagra, nationalising the resort that had been built by Oldenburg. It became a popular holiday resort for Soviet citizens and during World War II gained a new role as a site for the rehabilitation of wounded soldiers. After the war, various state-run sanatoriums were built there. The resort grew and was developed intensively as part of the "Soviet Riviera".

In the Georgian SSR.

Gagra under the Soviet Union

After the war, the town was "discovered" by Duke Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg, a member of the Russian royalty. He saw the potential of the region's subtropical climate and decided to build a high-class resort there. Having raised a large sum of money from the government, he built himself a palace there and constructed a number of other buildings in an eclectic variety of styles from around Europe. A park was laid out with tropical trees and even parrots and monkeys imported to give it an exotic feel. Despite the expensive work, the resort was not initially a success, although it did later attract a growing number of foreign tourists visiting on cruises of the Black Sea.

View of Gagra's wharf sometime between 1905 and 1915.
, when Turkish troops invaded, destroyed the town and expelled the local population. Russia won the war, however, and rebuilt Gagra again. Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878In the 16th century, Gagra and the rest of western Georgia was conquered by the
Palace of the Prince of Oldenburg

Gagra within the Russian Empire

The town was established as a Greek colony in the kingdom of Colchis, called Triglite, inhabited by Greeks and Colchians. Colchis came under the control of the kingdom of Pontus in the 1st century BC before being absorbed by the Roman Empire, which renamed the town as Nitica. Its geographical position led the Romans to fortify the town, which was repeatedly attacked by Goths and other invaders. After the fall of Rome, its successor, the Byzantine Empire, took control of the town and whole Colchis. It became a major trading settlement in which Genoan and Venetian merchants were prominent, trading in the town's main exports - wood, honey, wax and slaves. The name "Gagra" appeared for the first time on a map in 1308, on a map of the caucasus made by the Italian Pietro Visconti, which is now in the Library of Saint Mark in Venice.


According to the walnut in the Svan language.[1] According to the Soviet sports tourism master Bondaryev, the name of the city originates from the local Gagaa clan.[2] According to Professor V. Kvarchija, Gagra (< *ga-kʼə-ra) means ‘the holder of the coast’ in Abkhaz (Gagra was mentioned as Kakara, Kakkari on old maps).[3]



  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
    • Gagra within the Russian Empire 2.1
    • Gagra under the Soviet Union 2.2
    • Gagra in post-soviet Abkhazia 2.3
  • Monuments 3
  • International relations 4
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 4.1
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Gagra is the centre of the district of the same name. It is located in the western part of Region of Abkhazia, and river Psou serves as a border with Krasnodar Kray of Russia.

It had a population of 26,636 in 1989, but this has fallen considerably due to the War in Abkhazia (1992–93).

times. Soviet and Imperial Russian climate made Gagra a popular health resort in subtropical. Its Caucasus Mountains, at the foot of the Black Sea sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the [note 1],Abkhazia: Гагра) is a town in Russian and Abkhaz; გაგრა

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