World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Galatasaray S.K. (football)

Galatasaray
Full name Galatasaray Spor Kulübü
Founded 30 October 1905 (1905-10-30)[1][2][3]
as Galata-Serai Football Club[4]
Ground Türk Telekom Arena
Ground Capacity 52,652
President Duygun Yarsuvat
Manager Hamza Hamzaoğlu
League Süper Lig
2013–14 Süper Lig, 2nd
Website Club home page
Active departments of Galatasaray
Football Volleyball (Men's) Volleyball (Women's)
Basketball (Men's) Basketball (Women's) Wheelchair Basketball
Athletics Equestrian Judo
Rowing Sailing Swimming
Water Polo (Men's) Water Polo (Women's) Bridge
Chess Team

Galatasaray Spor Kulübü, commonly known as Galatasaray, is a Turkish professional football club based in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the association football branch of the larger Galatasaray Sports Club, itself a part of the Galatasaray Community which includes the Galatasaray University and Galatasaray High School.

Galatasaray has won 49 domestic trophies, including a record 19 Süper Lig titles, a record 15 Turkish Cups and a record 13 Turkish Super Cups. It is one of three teams to have participated in all seasons of the Turkish Süper Lig since 1959, following the dissolution of the Istanbul Football League, and are the only club to have won the Süper Lig in four successive seasons.

Internationally, Galatasaray has won the UEFA Cup and UEFA Super Cup in 2000, becoming the first Turkish team to win a European trophy. In the 1999–2000 season, the club achieved the rare feat of completing a quadruple by winning the Turkish Süper Lig, the Turkish Cup, the UEFA Cup and the UEFA Super Cup in a single season. Galatasaray is also the only Turkish club to have been ranked 1st on the IFFHS World Rankings.[5]

Since 2011, the club's stadium is the 52,695 capacity Türk Telekom Arena in Seyrantepe, Istanbul. Previously, the club had played at the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, as well as a succession of other grounds in Istanbul, which included groundshares with Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe at the Taksim Stadium and İnönü Stadium.

The club has a long-standing rivalry with other major Istanbul teams, namely with Beşiktaş and Fenerbahçe. The derby between Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe is dubbed the Kıtalar Arası Derbi (English: Intercontinental Derby) due to the location of their headquarters and stadiums on the European (Galatasaray) and Asian (Fenerbahçe) sides of the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Name and pronunciation 1.1
  • Crest 2
  • Team colours and kit 3
    • Kit history 3.1
    • Shirt sponsors 3.2
  • Grounds 4
    • Ali Sami Yen Stadium 4.1
    • Türk Telekom Arena 4.2
      • Stadium anthems 4.2.1
    • Stadium history 4.3
  • Support 5
    • European matches 5.1
    • Record 5.2
    • Popularity of Galatasaray in Turkey 5.3
    • Istanbul derbies 5.4
  • Honours 6
    • European Competitions 6.1
      • Major tournaments 6.1.1
    • Domestic competitions 6.2
    • Other 6.3
    • UEFA ranking 6.4
  • Players 7
    • Current squad 7.1
    • Out of team 7.2
    • Out on loan 7.3
    • Reserves and Academy squad 7.4
    • Former players 7.5
      • Club captains 7.5.1
  • Technical staff 8
  • Presidents 9
  • Club officials 10
  • Managerial history 11
  • Recent seasons 12
  • Youth facilities 13
  • Sponsorship 14
  • References 15
  • Further reading 16
  • External links 17

History

Galatasaray SK was founded in the fall of 1905, by Ali Sami yen and Galatasaray High School (a high school founded in 1481) students as a football club. Galatasaray's first president was Ali Sami Yen. Their first match was against Cadi-Keuy FC and they won this match by 2–0.[6] There were discussions about the club's name, in which some suggested Gloria (victory) and others Audace (courage), but it was decided that its name would be Galatasaray.[7]

The first photo of Galatasaray (1905)

The name Galatasaray itself comes from that of Galatasaray High School, which in turn takes its name from Galata Sarayı Enderûn-u Hümâyûn (Galata Palace Imperial School), the name of the original school founded on the site in 1481, and which in turn took its name from the nearby medieval Genoese citadel of Galata (the modern quarter of Karaköy) in the Beyoğlu (Pera) district of Istanbul. Galatasaray literally means "Galata palace".

According to researcher Cem Atabeyoğlu, Galatasaray took its name from one of its first matches. In that match, Galatasaray won 2–0 over a local Greek club and the spectators called them "Galata Sarayı efendileri" (in English: Gentlemen of Galata Palace), and, after this incident, they adopted that name and started to call their club "Galata Sarayı". In 1905, during the era of the Ottoman Empire, there were no laws for associations so the club could not be registered officially, but, after the 1912 Law of Association, the club registered legally.[8]

Among with the founder Ali Sami Yen, the co-founders were the ones who were keen to do this sport, such as Asım Tevfik Sonumut, Reşat Şirvani, Cevdet Kalpakçıoğlu, Abidin Daver and Kamil.

Since there weren't any other Turkish teams, Galatasaray joined the Istanbul League that was consisting of English and Greek teams in the season of 1905–1906. With their first championship title they won in 1907–1908, they heralded the beginning of Turkish football history.[9]

While football in Turkey began to fully develop, Galatasaray won ten more Istanbul League titles, six Sunday League titles and three Friday League titles until 1952. Upon the initiation of professional football in 1952, the first professional but non-national league of Turkey, Istanbul Professional League, was played between 1952 and 1959. Galatasaray won three of these seven titles.

The 2000 UEFA Cup Final match line-up against Arsenal F.C., 17 May 2000.
The 2000 UEFA Super Cup match line-up against Real Madrid, 25 August 2000.

Türkiye Profesyonel 1. Ligi (Turkish Super League today) formed in 1959. This is the top-flight professional league in Turkish nationwide football, and the most popular sporting competition in the country. Galatasaray joined all seasons and won 19 league titles since then.

The Turkish Football Federation starts to organize "Turkish Cup" (today it is organized with the name Fortis Turkey Cup) in the 1962–63 season for Turkish clubs to qualify for the UEFA competitions. This is the only national cup competition in Turkey. Galatasaray joined all seasons and won 15 trophies since then.[10]

Probably the greatest record that club holds is winning national championships in 15 different sport branches in 1986–87 season.

Galatasaray's most successful era came in late 1990s, when the club become the first Turkish football club ever to win a European trophy. They were aided in this by one of Turkey's best generation of home grown footballers who went on to finish third in the 2002 FIFA World Cup and played quarter finals of UEFA Euro 2000. Besides the talented players, visiting teams also disliked traveling into Ali Sami Yen Stadium which is literally called "Hell" by the supporters of Galatasaray due to the intimidating atmosphere provided by the fans including chants and riots in the crowds.[11]

There are many successful footballers who have played for Galatasaray and made their mark on Turkish football history. The team's legendary players include the 1930s national hero

  • Galatasaray Sports Club official website (Turkish) (English) (French)
  • Galatasaray Sports Club on Facebook (Turkish) (English) (French)
  • ultrAslan Supporters' Group (Turkish)
  • Galatasaray Multimedia Archives (Turkish)
  • Galatasaray SK on Twitter on Twitter (Turkish)

External links

  • Birand, M. A., & Polat, M. M. (2006). Passion that continues for 100 years. İstanbul: D Yapım. OCLC 164788939
  • Turagay, U., Özgün, G., Gökçin, B., Ahunbay (2006). 17 May: The story of a championship. İstanbul: D Yapım. OCLC 169899400
  • Hasol, D. (2004). Dreams/realities in Galatasaray. İstanbul: Yapı Yayın. ISBN 978-975-8599-44-8
  • Tuncay, B. (2003). Galatasaray with European Success and Notable Players. Yapı Kredi Kü̈ltü̈r Sanat Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-975-08-0427-4
  • Yamak, O. (2001). Galatasaray: Story of 95 years. Sinerji. OCLC 59287768
  • Çakar, A. (1995). 90 questions about history of Galatasaray SK. Cağaloğlu, İstanbul: Demir Ajans Yayınları. OCLC 42434622
  • Tekil, S. (1986). History of Galatasaray, 1905–1985. Galatasaray Spor Kulübü. OCLC 25025508
  • Tekil, S. (1983). Galatasaray 1905–1982: Memories. Arset Matbaacılık Koll. Şti. OCLC 62614035
  • İsfendiyar, F. (1952). History of Galatasaray. İstanbul: [Doğan Kardeş yayınları]. OCLC 27753643

Further reading

  1. ^ Galatasaray researcher Melih Şabanoğlu
  2. ^ Galatasaray researcher Melih Şabanoğlu
  3. ^ Galatasaray researcher Melih Şabanoğlu
  4. ^ Gayin-sin.net
  5. ^ NTV-MSNBC: "Galatasaray, Türkiye tarihinin en şikecisi" (3 January 2001)
  6. ^ "First match and foundation". Galatasaray.org. 17 November 2007. 
  7. ^ "How Galatasaray Founded". Galatasaray.org. 23 November 2007. 
  8. ^ "History of founding from official site". Galatasaray.org. 22 November 2007. 
  9. ^ "History of Turkish football". Tff.org. 21 November 2007. 
  10. ^ "Information about Turkish Cup". Tff.org. 20 November 2007. 
  11. ^ "News about Galatasaray Match". BBC.co.uk. 18 October 2007. 
  12. ^ "Eşfak Aykaç Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  13. ^ "Boduri Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  14. ^ "Mehmet Leblebi Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  15. ^ "Gündüz Kılıç Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  16. ^ "Suat Mamat Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  17. ^ "Coşkun Özarı Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  18. ^ "Turgay Şeren Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  19. ^ "Fatih Terim Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  20. ^ "Metin Oktay Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  21. ^ "Zoran Simovic Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  22. ^ "Cüneyt Tanman Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  23. ^ "Tanju Çolak Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  24. ^ "Prekazi Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  25. ^ "Taffarel Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  26. ^ "Hagi Profile". Galatasaray Official. 24 November 2007. 
  27. ^ Tekil, Süleyman (1983). Galatasaray, Dünden Bugüne 1905–1982. İstanbul: Arset Matbaacılık Kollektif Şti. pp. 1–13. 
  28. ^ "Galatasaray Spor Kulübü Resmi Internet Sitesi". Galatasaray.Org. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  29. ^ "Yellow Red since 100 Years". GALATASARAY.ORG. 
  30. ^ a b "Galatasaray kits". Galatasarayformalari.com. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  31. ^ "Galatasaray home kit history". Galatasarayformalari.com. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  32. ^ GALATASARAY_MEDIAKIT
  33. ^ "En Eski Stadı". İstanbul'un Enleri. 16 September 2007. 
  34. ^ "Ali Sami Yen Stadium". Archived from the original on 9 June 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007. 
  35. ^ "Ali Sami Yen Stadium Information". The Stadium Guide. Retrieved 26 November 2007. 
  36. ^ "Zulümpiyat! Stadı". Fotomaç. 20 October 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2007. 
  37. ^ "Stadium info". Galatasaray SK. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  38. ^ TRT Website
  39. ^ Minshull, Phil. "Goodbye to Hell". BBC. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  40. ^ Tozar, Türker. "Galatasaray depart Ali Sami Yen stadium with win". UEFA. Retrieved 9 November 2011. 
  41. ^ Loudest Crowd Roar At A Sport Stadium, Guinness World Records, 22 March 2011 
  42. ^ "En fazla taraftar kimde?". Internethaber.com. 3 February 2000 / 12 October 2006. 
  43. ^ "Taraftarın gerçek yüzü!". Ligtv.com.tr. 15 December 2008. 
  44. ^ "En çok taraftar hangi takımda? İŞTE CEVABI". Samanyolu Haber. 6 April 2010. 
  45. ^ "Türkiye'de En Çok Taraftara Sahip Takım Hangisi?". Sabah Gazetesi Spor Sayfası. 13 June 2012. 
  46. ^ Istanbul Derbies - GALATASARAY
  47. ^ "Turkey to send anti-terror police to Leeds to protect Galatasaray". CBC. 11 November 2000. 
  48. ^ "Galatasaray find new home while 'Hell' rebuilt". ABC Sport. 7 June 2003. 
  49. ^ "UEFA coefficients".  
  50. ^ "List of Youth League Champions". Turkish Football Federation. Retrieved 21 May 2008. 

References

Licensee Product
Turkish Airlines and HUAWEI Main Sponsor
Nike Technical Sponsor
General Motors Official Sponsor
Microsoft Technological Sponsor
Ülker Co Sponsor
Avea Co Sponsor
HCL Me Co Sponsor
Opel Co Sponsor
Turkish Airlines Official Sponsor
Medical Park Official Sponsor
Hedef Filo Hizmetleri Official Sponsor
MNG Kargo Official Sponsor
HDI-Gerling Official Sponsor
Bilyoner Official Sponsor
W Collection Official Sponsor
JohnsonDiversey Official Supplier
GNC Official Supplier
Power plate Official Supplier
Yandex Official Sponsor
Companies that Galatasaray S.K. currently has sponsorship deals with include:

Sponsorship

Galatasaray football academy trains children between seven and fifteen. They are located in 75 sites, in Turkey, Australia, Germany, The Netherlands and the UK.

Galatasaray has one of the most successful youth facilities in Turkey. Gündüz Kılıç Youth Facilities in Florya is the center of the department. Galatasaray S.K. PAF have won the Turkish Youth League three times.[50]

Youth facilities

Last updated: 20 May 2014
1 Galatasaray SK started season in UCL but joined UC after group stage.
Div. = Division;TS = Turkcell Super League; Pos. = Position; Pl = Match played; W = Win; D = Draw; L = Lost; GS = Goal Scored; GA = Goal Against; P = Points
UCL = UEFA Champions League; UCWC = UEFA Cup Winners' Cup; UC = UEFA Cup; Cup = Fortis Turkey Cup. Colors: Gold = winner; Silver = runner-up.

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Manager
2005/06 TS 1 34 26 5 3 82 34 83 Quarter-Final UC 1st Round Eric Gerets
2006/07 TS 3 34 15 11 8 58 37 56 Quarter-Final UCL Group Stage Eric Gerets
2007/08 TS 1 34 24 7 3 64 23 79 Semi-Final UC 3rd Round Karl-Heinz Feldkamp/Cevat Güler
2008/09 TS 5 34 17 8 9 57 39 61 Quarter-Final UC Last 16 Michael Skibbe/Bülent Korkmaz
2009/10 TS 3 34 19 7 8 61 35 64 Quarter-Final UC Last 32 Frank Rijkaard
2010/11 TS 8 34 14 4 16 41 46 46 Quarter-Final UC Play-off Round Bülent Ünder
2011/12 TS 1 34 23 8 3 69 24 77 Last 16 - - Fatih Terim
2012/13 TS 1 34 21 8 5 66 35 71 Last 16 UCL Quarter-Final Fatih Terim
2013/14 TS 2 34 18 11 5 59 32 65 Winner UCL Last 16 Fatih Terim/Roberto Mancini

Recent seasons

From–to Names
1983–84 Tomislav Ivić
1984–87 Jupp Derwall
1987–89 Mustafa Denizli
1989–90 Sigfried Held
1990–92 Mustafa Denizli
1992–93 Karl-Heinz Feldkamp
1993–94 Reiner Hollmann
1994–95 Reinhard Saftig
1995–96 Graeme Souness
1996–2000 Fatih Terim
2000–02 Mircea Lucescu
2002–03 Fatih Terim
2003–04 Fatih Terim
Gheorghe Hagi
2004–05 Gheorghe Hagi
2005–07 Eric Gerets
2007–08 Karl-Heinz Feldkamp
Cevat Güler
2008–09 Michael Skibbe
Bülent Korkmaz
2009–10 Frank Rijkaard
2010–11 Frank Rijkaard
Gheorghe Hagi
Bülent Ünder
2011–13 Fatih Terim
2013–14 Fatih Terim
Roberto Mancini
2014–15 Cesare Prandelli
Hamza Hamzaoğlu

Managerial history

Position Name
General Director Lutfi Arıboğan
Sportive Coordinator Bülent Tulun
Financial and Administrative Affairs Director Sedef Hacısalihoğlu
Competition and External Relations Director Yeşim Toroslu
Florya Metin Oktay Sports Complex and Training Center Director Fahri Yılmaz
Manager of Team Cenk Ergün
Executive Assistant Ezgi Ekiz
Football Management Trade I.C.

Club officials

Name From–to
Alp Yalman 1990–96
Faruk Süren 1996–01
Mehmet Cansun 2001–02
Özhan Canaydın 2002–08
Adnan Polat 2008–11
Ünal Aysal 2011–14
Duygun Yarsuvat 2014–

Presidents

Position Name
Manager Hamza Hamzaoğlu
Assistant Manager Yıldırım Uran
Assistant Manager Fuat Buruk
Assistant Manager İsa Turan
Goalkeeping Coach Cláudio Taffarel
Goalkeeping Coach Metin Mert
Goalkeeping Coach Fadıl Koşutan
Fitness Coach Serkan Salman
Chief Scout Emre Utkucan

Technical staff

Name Years
Adil Giray 1920–24
Nihat Bekdik 1924–36
Gündüz Kılıç ?–1953
Bülent Eken 1953–54
Coşkun Özarı 1954–60
Turgay Şeren 1960–67
Metin Oktay 1967–69
Talat Özkarslı 1969–71
Uğur Köken 1971–73
Muzaffer Sipahi 1973–75
Nihat Akbay 1975–78
Mehmet Oğuz 1978–79
Gökmen Özdenak 1979–80
Fatih Terim 1980–85
Cüneyt Tanman 1985–91
Erdal Keser 1991–94
Tugay Kerimoğlu 1994–95
Bülent Korkmaz 1995–05
Hakan Şükür 2005–08
Ümit Karan 2008–09
Arda Turan 2009–11
Sabri Sarıoğlu 2011–14
Selçuk İnan 2014–

Club captains

Former players

Reserves and Academy squad

No. Position Player
DF Dany Nounkeu (at Granada CF until 30 June 2015)
MF Salih Dursun (at Trabzonspor until 30 June 2016)
MF Oğuzhan Kayar (at Manisaspor until 30 June 2015)
MF Lucas Ontivero (at Gaziantepspor until 30 June 2015)
No. Position Player
MF Nordin Amrabat (at Malaga CF until 30 June 2015)
FW Sercan Yıldırım (at Balıkesirspor until 30 June 2015)
FW Berk İsmail Ünsal (at Antalyaspor until 30 June 2015)
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out on loan

No. Position Player
DF Emmanuel Eboué
MF Engin Baytar
No. Position Player
MF Yiğit Gökoğlan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Out of team

No. Position Player
1 GK Fernando Muslera
3 DF Felipe Melo
4 MF Hamit Altıntop
5 DF Gökhan Zan
6 MF Blerim Džemaili
7 MF Aydın Yılmaz
8 MF Selçuk İnan (Captain)
9 FW Umut Bulut
10 MF Wesley Sneijder (vice-captain)
11 FW Bruma
13 DF Alex Telles
17 FW Burak Yılmaz
18 MF Sinan Gümüş
19 FW Goran Pandev
20 MF Furkan Özçal
21 DF Aurélien Chedjou
No. Position Player
22 DF Hakan Balta
23 MF Yasin Öztekin
26 DF Semih Kaya
28 DF Koray Günter
29 MF Olcan Adın
35 MF Yekta Kurtuluş
38 GK Sinan Bolat
40 DF Emre Can Coşkun
43 MF Birhan Vatansever
52 MF Emre Çolak
55 DF Sabri Sarıoğlu
67 GK Eray İşcan
68 GK Alperen Uysal
77 DF Tarık Çamdal
88 DF Veysel Sarı
90 MF Umut Gündoğan
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Current squad

Players

Rank Country Team Points
31 CSKA Moscow 49.799
32 Sevilla FC 48.799
33 Sporting CP 48.726
'34 Galatasaray 47.980
35 Dynamo Kyiv 47.166
36 AZ 45.612
37 SS Lazio 45.568
As of 5 Aug 2014.[49]

UEFA ranking

  • 50. Yıl Cup:
    • Winners (1):1973
  • Chancellor Cup:
    • Winners (5): 1975, 1979, 1986, 1990, 1995
  • TSYD Cup:
    • Winners (12): 1963, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1977, 1981, 1987, 1991, 1992, 1997, 1998, 1999

Other

Winners (13): (record) 1966, 1969, 1972, 1982, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2008, 2012, 2013
Runners-up (8): 1971, 1973, 1976, 1985, 1994, 1998, 2006, 2014
Winners (15): (record) 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1973, 1976, 1982, 1985, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2014
Runners-up (5): 1969, 1980, 1994, 1995, 1998
Winners (19): 1961–62, 1962–63, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1996–97, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2012–13
Runners-up (10): 1959, 1960–61, 1965–66, 1974–75, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1990–91, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2013–14

Domestic competitions

Quarter-Finals (1): 1991–92
Semi-Finals (1): 1988–89
Quarter-Finals (5): 1962–63, 1969–70, 1993–94, 2000–01, 2012–13
Round of 16 (2): 2001–02, 2013–14
Winners (1): 1999–2000
Winners (1): 2000

Major tournaments

European Competitions

The continental quadruple which Galatasaray won in the 1999–2000 season: the 2000 UEFA Super Cup, the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup, the 1999–2000 Turkish Super League Championship Cup and the 1999–2000 Turkish Cup.

Honours

Torches, smoke, drums, flags and giant posters used to create visual grandeur and apply psychological pressure on visiting teams, which fans call "welcoming them to hell".[48]

"The big three" clubs of Istanbul, Beşiktaş J.K., Fenerbahçe S.K. and Galatasaray S.K. have a century-long history of rivalry. The Galatasaray-Fenerbahçe rivalry is the primary Istanbul derby and the most important rivalry in Turkish football.[46] The rivalry poses a symbolic importance to supporters as much as the result. Supporters are often quoted as stating that winning the league without winning the derby is hollow. There is always huge interest in the derby due to its fierce nature on and off the pitch. Many documentaries have been made about the derby including an The Real Football Factories International episode. The rivalry has led to violence among supporters on numerous occasions, though this has been on the decline in recent years. The typical features of derby days include sell out stadiums, loud support throughout the match and taunting choreography displays by supporters before kick off.[47] Other top level İstanbul derbies include the teams; İstanbul BB and Kasımpaşa although these teams pose a minor rivalry as the history and the nation-wide attention to the derbies among the big three is unmatched.

Fenerbahce SK and Galatasaray SK 1913–1914

Istanbul derbies

According to media polls since 2000, Galatasaray is the most popular team among football fans in Turkey. The latest poll by June 2012 places Galatasaray in the first place with a 41.8% level of popularity while Fenerbahçe S.K. comes second with a 35.9% level, Beşiktaş J.K. third with 16.3% and Trabzonspor fourth with 4.7%.[42][43][44][45]

Popularity of Galatasaray in Turkey

Galatasaray fans broke the "loudest crowd roar at a sport stadium" record on 18 March 2011 at Galatasaray’s new stadium Türk Telekom Arena in Istanbul. A peak reading of 131.76 dBA was recorded.[41]

Record

Galatasaray fans attach high importance to European competitions, and Galatasaray is known as the Conqueror of Europe by their fans. This nickname underlines the importance of the UEFA Cup and Super Cup Galatasaray managed to win during the 1999–2000 season. Galatasaray fans also have a reputation in Europe as being one of the most fanatic in the world, along with ultrAslan. Ryan Giggs once said I've never experienced anything like Galatasaray. Two hours before kick-off, we went out to have a look at the pitch and the stadium was packed! The chanting was brilliant: one side starts, then the other, then quiet, then all of them chanting! The players really enjoyed it. Before it was good, after it wasn't.'[39][40]

European matches

Support

# Stadium Years played
1 Ali Sami Yen Stadı 34
2 Dolmabahçe Stadı 28
3 Taksim Stadı 18
4 Papazın Çayırı 17
5 Şeref Stadı 8
6 Türk Telekom Arena 3
7 Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı 1
# Stadium Years[38]
1 Papazın Çayırı 1905–1921
2 Taksim Stadı 1921–1940
3 Şeref Stadı 1940–1948
4 Dolmabahçe Stadı 1948–1966
5 Ali Sami Yen Stadı 1966–1972
6 Dolmabahçe Stadı 1972–1980
7 Ali Sami Yen Stadı 1980–1984
8 Dolmabahçe Stadı 1984–1986
9 Ali Sami Yen Stadı 1986–2003
10 Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı 2003–2004
11 Ali Sami Yen Stadı 2004–2011
12 Türk Telekom Arena 2011–

Stadium history

Galatasaray War Chant

Problems playing this file? See .

Since 1998, after every goal scored by Galatasaray, the last part of the song "I Will Survive" by the Hermes House Band is played. Although the song is in English, the part used has no lyrics except "la la la la". In addition, before every game the Florida State University war chant (Galatasaray War Chant), a chant developed by the Marching Chiefs (FSU's marching band), is played accompanied by what the fans call a "scarf show" where fans display and wave their Galatasaray scarves, banners and flags. Many people call the Turk Telekom Arena 'Cehennem' (hell) because of stadium anthems and the continuous roar of the fans.

Stadium anthems

The new home ground of Galatasaray is the newly built Türk Telekom Arena in the Aslantepe quarter near Maslak financial district in Şişli. The new stadium, which was opened 15 January 2011, has a capacity of 52,695 seats, making it the largest private stadium owned by a club in Turkey.[37]

Türk Telekom Arena

When Galatasaray were formed no Turkish teams had their own home ground, and all games in the Istanbul Football League took place at Papazın Çayırı – now the site of Fenerbahçe's Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. In 1921 the city's first proper football stadium was constructed, Taksim Stadium, which was used as the home ground for all of Istanbul's teams.[33] When historic Taksim Stadium was demolished in 1940, Galatasaray decided to build a large, modern stadium. Due to difficulties stemming from World War II, construction was delayed for over two decades. In this period, they played in Şeref Stadi and Dolmabahçe Stadi On 20 December 1964, Ali Sami Yen Stadium opened.[34] Named after the founder of Galatasaray, Ali Sami Yen, it is in the Mecidiyeköy quarter of the Şişli district at the center of the city. In 1964, the stadium had capacity over 35,000. Due to improvements in security and prohibition of non-seater spectators, the all-seater capacity reduced to 22,000 in 1993. A few years later, the rebuilt of main stand, which was damaged by an earthquake, slightly increased the capacity.[35] After 2002, when Atatürk Olympic Stadium was built for Istanbul's Olympic Games bid, Galatasaray started to play European Cup matches there. The attendance record among Turkish stadiums was broken there, in Galatasaray–Olympiacos match played in front of 79,414 spectators. Yet, Ali Sami Yen Stadium has historic importance for Galatasaray fans although it is smaller and older.[36] In 2011, the stadium demolished after Galatsaray moved to newly built Türk Telekom Arena.

Ali Sami Yen Stadium

Grounds

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1977–1978 None Volvo / PeReJa
1978–1979 Çamlıca / Adidas None
1979–1980 Umbro / Adidas Halı Fleks
1980–1981 Puma / Umbro / Adidas Telefunken / Alo / THY
1981–1982 gola / Adidas Borsaş / Meban
1982–1983 Umbro Meban
1983–1984 None Telefunken
1984–1985 Fatih / Adidas Modells / Denizcilik Bankası
1985–1986 Adidas Denizbank
1986–1991 TürkBank
1991–1992 Umbro ADEC Saat / Show TV
1992–1995 Show TV / Emek Sigorta
1995–1997 Adidas VakıfBank
1997–1998 Bank Ekspres
1998–2000 Marshall
2000–2001 Telsim
2001–2002 Lotto Aria
2002–2004 Umbro
2004–2005 Avea
2005–2009 Adidas
2009–2014 Türk Telekom
2011–2014 Nike
2014–2015 Turkish Airlines and HUAWEI

Shirt sponsors

Galatasaray's "classic" home kit

Kit history

Since 1908 the club's home kit has typically been an 8-piece halved design. The shirt’s front, back and sleeves are made up of two alternating colours. White shorts and red socks are usually worn as part of the home strip[30] This changed in the mid-1980s, when sportswear manufacturer Adidas began to provide the shirts. The club reverted to the "classic" kit in 2012.[30][31] The official colours are Pantone shades 1235 (yellow) and 201 (red).[32]

Galatasaray wore red and white colours when founded, then played in dark yellow and dark blue during the 1907–1908 season. For a match against the football team of the Royal Navy cruiser HMS Barham's crewmen, played on 8 December 1908, Galatasaray finally settled on playing in red and yellow, inspired by the roses which Gül Baba offered to Sultan Bayezid II.[29]

Team colours and kit

Galatasaray's first emblem was drawn by 333 [School Number] Şevki Ege. This was the figure of a spread-winged eagle with a football in its beak. The eagle was a model emblem that Galatasaray dwelled on in the beginning. But when the name did not attract too much interest, Şevki Ege’s composition was pushed aside. It was replaced by the current design in the 1920s. This replaced in 1925 by the current “Ghayn-Sin” crest, designed by Ayetullah Emin[28]

The first Galatasaray SK crest

Crest

It is important to keep in mind Galatasaray is a compound word and it is pronounced as such. The most common mistake that is done by non-Turkish speakers is to intonate as Gala-tasaray, while the correct enunciation should be Galata-Saray with a very brief pause between the two words.[27]

There is no diminutive form of Galatasaray. Fans refer to the club either by its full name or by its nickname "Cim Bom Bom" (pronounced 'Jim Bom Bom') or the shortened 'Cim Bom'. The shortened form 'Gala' is sometimes used in Europe/Americas.

The name Galatasaray itself comes from that of Galatasaray High School, which in turn takes its name from Galata Sarayı Enderûn-u Hümâyûn (Galata Palace Imperial School), the name of the original school founded on the site in 1481, and which in turn took its name from the nearby medieval Genoese citadel of Galata (the modern quarter of Karaköy) in the Beyoğlu (Pera) district of Istanbul. Galatasaray literally means "Galata Palace".

Name and pronunciation

, the player who scored most goals in the Turkish Super League history, with 249 goals. Hakan Şükür; and last but not least, Real Madrid, who was called Super Mário by the fans and scored both of Galatasaray's two goals in the European Super Cup Final in 2000 against Mário Jardel Brazilian striker [26]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.