Galaxy S

For other uses, see Samsung Galaxy S series.
Samsung Galaxy S i9000
Manufacturer Samsung Electronics
Series Samsung Galaxy
Compatible networks Dual band CDMA2000/EV-DO Rev. A 800 and 1,900 MHz;
WiMAX 2.5 to 2.7 GHz;
802.16e 2.5G (GSM/GPRS/EDGE): 850, 900, 1,700, 1,800, 1,900, and 2,100 MHz;
3G (HSDPA 7.2 Mbit/s, HSUPA 5.76 Mbit/s): 900, 1,900, and 2,100 MHz;
First released 4 June 2010 (2010-06-04)
Units sold 24 million (as of 14 January 2013)[1]
Predecessor Samsung i7500
Successor Samsung Galaxy S II, Samsung Galaxy S Plus, Samsung Galaxy S III, Samsung Galaxy S4
Related Samsung Galaxy Player, Nexus S
Type Touchscreen smartphone (Android)
Form factor Slate (most versions)
Slider (Sprint version)
Dimensions 122.4 mm (4.82 in) H
64.2 mm (2.53 in) W
9.9–14 mm (0.39–0.55 in) D.
Weight 118–155 g (4.2–5.5 oz)
Operating system Android 2.3.6 with TouchWiz UI 3.0/TouchWiz UI 4.0.
System on chip Samsung Exynos 3 Single
(previously known as S5PC110, Hummingbird, Exynos 3110
CPU 1 GHz (ARM Cortex A8)
GPU 200 MHz PowerVR SGX 540
Memory 512 MB RAM
Storage 16 GB (flash nand memory)
Removable storage micro-SD (up to 64 GB supported)[2]
Battery Li-po 1500 mAh
Talk time: 2G, 803 min.; 3G, 393 min.
Standby time: 2G, 75 hr; 3G, 57 hr.
Data inputs Multi-touch capacitive touchscreen display, Ambient light sensor, Microphone, 3-axis Magnetometer (Compass), aGPS, 3-axis accelerometer, Stereo FM Radio With RDS and Swype, Physical QWERTY keyboard (on Sprint version only)
Display 4.0 in (100 mm) Super AMOLED with RBGB-Matrix (Pentile)
800×480 px WVGA (233 ppi)
External display TV out via headphone jack, mDNIe Via WiFi(HD)
Rear camera 5 MP with auto focus; 720p HD video (12 Mbps); auto-focus; self-shot, action, panorama, smile shot; face detection; anti-shake; add me
Front camera VGA camera (some models)
Sound SoundAlive, 16KHz 64kbit/s Mono in HD Video Recording
Connectivity 3.5 mm TRRS; Wi-Fi 802.11b/g/n; DLNA; Bluetooth 3.0; micro-USB 2.0; FM radio with RDS with recording
Other TV out, integrated messaging Social Hub, Google Play, Samsung Apps, A-GPS, Augmented reality with Layar Reality Browser, video messaging, Exchange ActiveSync (offline and no SIM Mode), voice command, RSS reader, Widgets, Smart security[3]

The Samsung Galaxy S is a touchscreen-enabled, slate-format Android smartphone designed, developed, and marketed by Samsung Electronics. It is the third Android smartphone series produced by Samsung.[4] It was announced to the press in March 2010 and released for sale in June 2010.

The Galaxy S is produced in over two dozen variations. The international 'GT-I9000' reference version features a 1 GHz ARM "Hummingbird" processor, a PowerVR graphics processor, 8 or 16 GB of internal flash memory, a 4 in (10 cm) 480×800 pixel Super AMOLED capacitive touchscreen display, Wi-Fi connectivity, a 5-megapixel primary camera and a 0.3-megapixel secondary front-facing camera.[5] Derivative models may include localized cellular radios or changes to button layouts, keyboards, screens, cameras or the Android OS.

At the time of its release, the Galaxy S included the fastest graphical processing of any smartphone,[6] was the thinnest smartphone at 9.9mm[7] and was the first Android phone to be certified for DivX HD.[8]

As of 2013, over 25 million Galaxy S units have been sold.[9] The Galaxy S name continued on with the semi-related Snapdragon-based Galaxy S Plus and NovaThor-based Galaxy S Advance smartphones. The next major release of the series was the Galaxy S2.

Launch

The phone was initially launched in Singapore on June 4, 2010.[10] Before the end of its first weekend on sale in Singapore, Samsung tweeted that Singtel, the exclusive carrier to sell the device in Singapore, was sold out of devices.[11] On Friday June 25, 2010, the phone was launched in Malaysia and South Korea.[12][13] Overall the launch schedule comprised launches on 110 carriers in 100 countries at the same time.[14] U.S. Variants named as Epic, Vibrant, Fascinate, Captivate, and Mesmerize were released from June through September 2010.

Reception

CNET Asia gave the Galaxy S a favorable review with a score of 8.4/10. The Galaxy S was compared to current high-end Android-based phones such as the HTC Desire, Xperia X10, Nexus One, and smartphones using different operating systems like the iPhone 4, which runs iOS, and HTC HD2, which runs Windows Mobile in CNET Asia.[15]

GSMArena.com described the Galaxy S as having "perfect audio quality," claiming the phone's superior all-round performance made it a "new leader of the Android pack."[16]

TIME listed the Galaxy S as #2 device in "Top 10 Gadgets" of 2010, praising its Super AMOLED display.[17]

The phone was criticized by some reviewers for sub-par GPS performance. Anandtech, reviewing the Epic 4G variant, said "the phone will take an inordinate amount of time to determine your actual location, and/or it won’t pinpoint your location very accurately."[18] Engadget described the GPS in the Vibrant and Captivate variants as "utterly broken and non-functional … this is a problem for which there's no reasonable explanation why it made it all the way to retail devices."[19] Samsung released an application for the Captivate and Vibrant variants only that resets the phone's GPS settings to factory defaults.[20] TechRadar acknowledged GPS faults in the Galaxy S, and stated that these have been fixed in the Google Nexus S.[21] There is however a solution to the problem and it includes opening it and welding the antenna contacts with the motherboard.[22]

Hardware

Processor

The Samsung Galaxy S used the Samsung S5PC110 processor.[23] This processor combined a 45 nm 1 GHz ARM Cortex-A8 based CPU core with a PowerVR SGX 540 GPU made by Imagination Technologies which supported OpenGL ES 1.1/2.0[24] and is capable of up to 20 million triangles per second.[25] The CPU core, code-named "Hummingbird", was co-developed by Samsung and Intrinsity.[26] This processor was subsequently renamed to the Samsung Exynos 3110 in October 2011.

Memory

The Samsung Galaxy S has 512 MB of LPDDR1 RAM (Mobile DDR). Some variants also come with either 8 GB or 16 GB of OneNAND memory combined in a package-on-package stack with the processor. An external microSD card slot supports up to 32 GB of additional storage memory.[23]

Screen

The Samsung Galaxy S uses a 101.6-millimetre (4.00 in) Super AMOLED touch screen covered by Gorilla Glass, a special crack and scratch resistant material.[27] The screen is a WVGA PenTile display manufactured by Samsung.

Audio

The phone uses Wolfson's WM8994 DAC as its audio hub.[28]

Camera

Samsung Galaxy S has 5 MPx camera with no optical but digital zoom. It has sensor type 1/3.6" (rectangle 4×3 mm), which is a bit smaller in size than usual sensor in digital compact cameras, which have 1/2.33"-1/2.5" type sensor.


Software

User interface

The phone employs the proprietary Samsung TouchWiz 3.0 user interface. Unlike TouchWiz 3.0 on the Samsung Wave, it allows up to seven homescreens. However, different from other Android user interfaces, TouchWiz 3.0 allows users to add, delete and rearrange homescreens. The program launcher is also different from other Android user interfaces in that it has an iOS-like program menu which allows customization of shortcuts. In addition, three of the four shortcuts at the bottom of the screen can also be customized.

The Epic 4G features a specialized version of TouchWiz based on TouchWiz 3.0. Because of the Epic 4G's QWERTY slide-out keyboard, the homescreen needed to be able to rotate into landscape mode. The other Galaxy S TouchWiz 3.0 devices do not support this feature.

The most important aspect of all three generations of TouchWiz is the widget interface. The most prominent widgets that come with the Galaxy S are the Daily Briefing, weather clock and the Buddies Now widget. In addition to Samsung widgets, standard Android widgets can be added and removed from the homescreens.

Bundled applications

Other provided software includes the Layar Reality Browser, a program that visualizes GPS direction, and Aldiko, an ebook reader. The phone also comes with various upgraded versions of software that came with Samsung's previous generation of smartphones (such as i8910HD and i8000 Omnia II).

Media support

The Galaxy S comes with support for many multimedia file formats, including audio codecs (FLAC, WAV, Vorbis, MP3, AAC, AAC+, eAAC+, WMA, AMR-NB, AMR-WB, MID, AC3, XMF), video codecs (mpeg4, H.264, H.263, Sorenson codec, DivX HD/ XviD, VC-1) and video formats (3GP (MPEG-4), WMV (Advanced Systems Format), AVI (divx), MKV, FLV).

Updates

Android 2.2 upgrade

When launched, the Galaxy S had Android 2.1 ("Eclair") installed. An official upgrade to Android 2.2 ("Froyo") began rolling out worldwide in November 2010.[29]

Canada received the 2.2 upgrade for select carriers on December 10, 2010.[30]

According to Samsung the 2.2 upgrade has come to the USA in 2011 for most versions of the handset (AT&T Captivate, Verizon Fascinate, T-mobile Vibrant, Sprint Epic).[31] The 2.2 upgrade was released for T-Mobile on January 20, 2011.[32] It enabled stock Android features that had previously been disabled such as Wi-Fi Calling and Mobile AP.

Verizon's Fascinate was upgraded to Android 2.2 in April 2011. Verizon's Continuum variant was upgraded to 2.2 in February 2012.

Android 2.3 upgrade

An Android 2.3 ("Droid-Life).

T-Mobile in the USA made the 2.3 upgrade available on November 15, 2011. Currently this update is only available on T-Mobile's 4G model (SGH-T959V). It's unknown at this time if T-Mobile USA will produce a 2.3 update for its original Samsung Galaxy S (SGH-T959). The SGH-T959V update is available at On January 10, 2012, AT&T provided an update to Gingerbread (2.3.5) to the owners of the Captivate (SGH-I897). The update was possible through a manual update using Kies Mini.

Android 4.0 and later

An official update to Android 4.0 was never released, as Samsung felt that the Galaxy S did not have enough memory (RAM) to run the TouchWiz interface on top of Android 4.0.[34] In lieu of Android 4.0, Samsung released a "Value Pack" update for the Galaxy S in March 2012 in South Korea, which maintains the 2.3 (Gingerbread) -based operating system, but includes new features from TouchWiz 4.0 (some of which backported from 4.0) such as face unlock, improvements to the launcher, the ability to take still photographs while recording video, and a redesigned photo editor.[35]

However, unaffiliated developers associated with Cyanogenmod produced unofficial updates based on Android 4.1 and 4.2 and 4.3 for the Galaxy S and its variants. These updates are developed from Android Open Source Project code.[36]

Unofficial

The Galaxy S is partially supported by the Replicant project.

Variants

International

Galaxy S unbranded models
Model GT-I9003

[37] [38] [39]

   GT-I9000   

[5] [40] [41]

GT-I9000B

[42] [43]

GT-I9000M

[44] [45]

   GT-I9000T   

[46] [47]

GT-I9000/M8

[48] [49]

Name Galaxy SL Galaxy S Galaxy S Vibrant Galaxy S
Countries World Brazil Canada Americas World
2G 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
GSM / GPRS / EDGE
3G 900, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
850, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
850, 900, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
Broadcast receiver FM Tuner ISDB-T 1seg FM Tuner
Dimensions 123.7 × 64.2 × 10.6 mm
(4.87 × 2.53 × 0.42 in)
122.4 × 64.2 × 9.9 mm
(4.82 × 2.53 × 0.39 in)
Weight 131 g (4.62 oz) 119 g (4.20 oz) 124 g (4.37 oz)
Screen SC-LCD 4.0 in Super AMOLED 4.0 in
Secondary camera 0.3 MP / F2.8 0.3 MP / F2.8
Release date Feb 2011 Jun 2010 Aug 2010

International versions of the Galaxy S closely resemble the 'GT-I9000' reference version.

GT-I9000B

The Brazilian "GT-I9000B" includes an ISDB-T 1seg digital television tuner with program guide, closed caption and recording support. The units are manufactured locally by Samsung to take advantage of tax cuts associated with local production.

GT-I9000M

The Canadian "GT-I9000M" drops the FM tuner and UMTS band VIII support for UMTS band V support. Bell, Virgin Mobile and SaskTel offer the model. Also may work on Wind networks.

GT-I9000T

The "GT-I9000T" changes UMTS band VIII support for UMTS band V support. It is offered by Telcel in Mexico, Telstra in Australia and numerous other carriers throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.

GT-I9000/M4

The "GT-I9000/M4" is the only model to include a quad-band 3G UMTS radio. It is offered primarily in Australia and New Zealand.

GT-I9003

Main article: Samsung Galaxy SL I9003

The "GT-I9003" is a late-model, reduced-cost version of the Galaxy S. It substitutes the 4-inch Super AMOLED screen with a cheaper 4-inch SuperClear-LCD screen. It also swaps the Hummingbird SoC with a Texas Instruments OMAP 3630 SoC, which includes the slower PowerVR SGX530 graphics processor[50] and TWL5030 DAC. To compensate for the increased power draw of the SC-LCD screen, battery capacity is increased from 1,500 to 1,650 mAh.

North America

Galaxy S branded models (North America)
Model SGH-I997

[51] [52]

SGH-I897
SGH-I896

[53]

SGH-T959

[54]

SGH-T959V/W

[55]

SCH-I500

[56]

SPH-D700

[57]

SCH-I405

[58] [59]

  SCH-I405U  

[60]

SCH-R930 SCH-R910

[61] [62] [63]

SCH-R915

[64]

Name Infuse Captivate
Galaxy S Captivate
Vibrant Galaxy Vibrant 4G Fascinate
Mesmerize
Showcase
Epic 4G   Stratosphere   Metrix Stealth
Galaxy S Aviator
Indulge
Countries Canada
United States
United States Canada
United States
United States
Carriers AT&T
Rogers
T-Mobile T-Mobile
Wind Mobile
Verizon
US Cellular
C Spire
Sprint Verizon US Cellular MetroPCS Cricket
2G 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
GSM / GPRS / EDGE
800, 1900 MHz
CDMA IS-2000
800, 1700, 1900 MHz
CDMA IS-2000
3G 850, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA+
850, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
1700, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
1700, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA+
800, 1900 MHz
CDMA 1xEV-DO
800, 1700, 1900 MHz
CDMA 1xEV-DO
4G 2500 MHz
WiMax
700 MHz
LTE
700, 850, 1700, 1900 MHz
LTE
1700, 2100 MHz
LTE
Dimensions 132 × 71 × 8.9 mm
(5.2 × 2.8 × 0.35 in)
122 × 64 × 9.9 mm
(4.82 × 2.53 × 0.39 in)
124 × 65 × 15 mm
(4.90 × 2.54 × 0.60 in)
125 × 64 × 10.5 mm
(4.92 × 2.52 × 0.41 in)
126 × 65 × 14 mm
(4.96 × 2.56 × 0.55 in)
130 × 68 × 11.7 mm
(5.12 × 2.68 × 0.46 in)
117 × 61 × 15 mm
(4.6 × 2.4 × 0.6 in)
Weight 113 g
(4.0 oz)
118 g
(4.2 oz)
155 g
(5.46 oz)
116 g
(4.1 oz)
164 g
(5.78 oz)
144 g
(5.1 oz)
150 g
(5.3 oz)
CPU Cortex-A8 1.2 GHz Cortex-A8 1.0 GHz
Screen Super AMOLED+ 4.5 in Super AMOLED 4.0 in Super AMOLED+ 4.5 in TFT 3.5 in
Form factor Touchscreen Slate QWERTY Slider Touchscreen Slate QWERTY Slider
Primary camera 8.0 MP 5.0 MP / F2.6 8.0 MP 3.0 MP
Secondary camera 1.3 MP / F2.8 1.3 MP / F2.8 1.3 MP / F2.8
Release date May 2011 July 2010 Feb 2011 Sep 2010 Aug 2010 Oct 2011 Apr 2011 Feb 2011

North American versions of the Galaxy S moderately differ from the "GT-I9000" reference version. Most use a 4-button layout, drop the FM tuner and front camera, and include UMTS band V support. A number of models also include 4G support and a physical QWERTY keyboard.

Captivate

AT&T released this variant (SGH-I897) for the United States on July 18, 2010,[65] while Rogers released its own variant (SGH-I896) for Canada. Both variants include 16 GB of internal flash memory, but without the front camera, FM radio and LED camera flash present on other Galaxy S variants. Android 2.3 "Gingerbread" is available for this model.[66] The Rogers version includes minor GPS functionality differences and the ability to utilise HSUPA.

Vibrant

T-Mobile released this variant (SGH-T959) for the United States on July 15, 2010.[67] It is the third Android 2.x phone officially supported by T-Mobile (after the Nexus One and MyTouch 3G Slide). Like the Captivate, it includes 16 GB of internal flash memory, but omits the front camera, FM radio and lacks a LED camera flash. Android 2.2 "Froyo" is the last version available for this model.[68]

T-Mobile and Wind Mobile also released the closely named Vibrant 4G (SGH-T959V/W) in February 2011. It adds HSPA+ support and a 1.3-megapixel front-facing camera.

Fascinate

Verizon released this variant (SCH-I500) for the United States on September 9, 2010.[69] It omits the front camera and FM radio of the base model, but adds a LED flash. Android 2.3 "Gingerbread" is available.[68] Its release was accompanied by some controversy over Verizon's decision to replace Google Search with Bing as the primary search engine.[70]

The SCH-I500 is also known as the Mesmerize for US Cellular and the Showcase for C Spire and Ntelos.

Epic 4G

Sprint released this variant (SPH-D700) for the United States on August 31, 2010.[71] It lacks a FM radio, but it includes a LED flash, a message indication LED, a full slide-out QWERTY keyboard and 4G WiMax support. The included edition of TouchWiz in Android 2.1 had to be reworked to support landscape mode when using the QWERTY keyboard. Android 2.3 "Gingerbread" is available.[68]

Stratosphere

The Verizon Stratosphere (SCH-I405) is similar to the Epic 4G. Main differences are an upgraded 1.3 MP front camera, 4G LTE support and no message LED. The US Cellular Metrix (SCH-I405U) adds several bands to the LTE support. All models were released with Android 2.3.

Indulge

The MetroPCS variant (SCH-R910) was released on February 21, 2011, for the United States. It was the first LTE smartphone at the time of its release. The Indulge shrinks the screen size from 4 inches to 3.5 inches, removes the front-facing camera, reduces the camera to 3.2 megapixels, removes the flash, lowers the screen resolution 480×320 pixels, and adds a full QWERTY keyboard. The Cricket model (SCH-R915) lacks LTE support, but adds CDMA 1xEV-DO support over AWS Band IV.

Infuse

Main article: Samsung Infuse 4G

AT&T released this variant (SGH-I997) for the United States on May 15, 2011, while Rogers released it for Canada on July 26, 2011. It includes a faster 1.2 GHz version of the Exynos "Hummingbird" SoC, 16 GB of internal flash memory, 8 MP primary camera, 1.3 MP secondary front-facing camera, HSPA+ support and an improved 4.5-inch Super AMOLED+ screen. AT&T has released an Android 2.3.6 update while Rogers has released 2.3.3.

Aviator

The US Cellular Aviator (SCH-R930) resembles the Infuse 4G, but utilizes the original 1.0 GHz Hummingbird SoC. It offers a dual-band CDMA and quad-band LTE radio.

Asia

Galaxy S unbranded models (Asia)
Model SC-02B [72] SHW-M110S [73] SHW-M130K [73] SHW-M130L [74] SCH-I909 [75] GT-I9008 [76] GT-I9088 [77]
Name Galaxy S Galaxy K Galaxy L Galaxy S
Countries Japan South Korea China
2G 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
GSM / GPRS / EDGE
800, 1900 MHz
CDMA IS-2000
800, 1900 CDMA
850, 900, 1800, 1900 GSM
850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz
GSM / GPRS / EDGE
3G 800, 2100 MHz
UTMS / HSPA
900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
900, 1900, 2100 MHz
UMTS / HSPA
800, 1900
CDMA 1xEV-DO
2000 MHz
TD-SCDMA
2100 MHz
UTMS-FDD
Broadcast receiver T-DMB FM Tuner CMMB
Dimensions 122 × 64 × 10 mm 119 × 59 × 12.4 mm 122 × 64 × 10 mm
Weight 118 g 121 g 131 g 120 g
CPU Cortex-A8 1.0 GHz Cortex-A8 1.2 GHz Cortex-A8 1.0 GHz
Screen Super AMOLED 4.0 in Super AMOLED 3.7 in Super AMOLED 4.0 in
OS Android OPhone Android
Release date Q3 2010 Q2 2010 Q3 2010

SC-02B

In Japan, NTT Docomo carries the Galaxy S (SC-02B). It is similar to the GT-I9000, but omits the front-facing camera.

SHW-M110S

The Galaxy S (SHW-M110S) is an exclusive phone for SK Telecom subscribers. It differs from the GT-I9000 in that it includes a T-DMB tuner. It is sold under the "Anycall" branding.

SHW-M130K

KT offers this variant (SHW-M130K) for South Korea as the Galaxy K. It includes a tri-band UMTS radio, a faster 1.2 GHz Hummingbird SoC, a T-DMB tuner and a smaller 3.5-inch Super AMOLED screen. It is sold under the "Anycall" branding.

SHW-M130L

LG U+ offers this variant (SHW-M130L) for South Korea as the Galaxy L. It is similar to the Galaxy K, but instead offers a stock 1.0 GHz Hummingbird SoC and a CDMA 1xEV-DO radio.

SCH-I909

China Telecom offers the SCH-I909 variant which supports both GSM and CDMA 2G standards and CDMA 3G.

GT-I9008

China Mobile offers the GT-I9008 variant which supports GSM 2G and TD-SCDMA 3G standards. It includes a CMMB digital television tuner. It also utilizes the OPhone 2.0 platform as opposed to Android.

GT-I9088

China Unicom offers the GT-I9088 variant which supports GSM 2G and UMTS-FDD 3G standards.

Nexus S

Main article: Nexus S
Model number Model variation
GT-I9020 or GT-I9020T 900 / 1700 / 2100 MHz UMTS, Super AMOLED
GT-I9020A 850 / 1900 / 2100 MHz UMTS, Super AMOLED
GT-I9023 900 / 1700 / 2100 MHz UMTS, SC-LCD
SPH-D720 CDMA2000, 4G WiMAX, Super AMOLED
SHW-M200 900 / 1700 / 2100 MHz UMTS, Super AMOLED

The Nexus S is a Galaxy S-derived smartphone co-developed by Google and Samsung in 2010. The Nexus S differs from the Galaxy S in that it runs a stock version of Android provided by Google as opposed to the TouchWiz laden edition provided by Samsung and the mobile carriers. In addition, the Nexus S drops the microSD slot in favor of a NFC transmitter.

Models for the United States, United Kingdom and Canada utilize a 4-inch Super AMOLED screen similar to the reference Galaxy S, but with a small curvature Google refers to as "Contour Display". Models for other markets utilize a 4-inch SuperClear-LCD (SC-LCD) screen.

The Nexus S originally shipped with Android 2.3 "Gingerbread". It can be upgraded to Android 4.1.2 "Jelly Bean".

Legal

In a lawsuit filed on April 15, 2011, Apple accused Samsung of committing patent and trademark infringement with its Galaxy line of mobile products. That includes the Galaxy S smartphone and the Galaxy Tab tablet.[78]

See also

References

External links

  • Official Samsung Galaxy S homepage
  • Official Source Code for the Samsung Galaxy S (Sprint Version is SPH-D700 DI18)
  • Samsung Apps
  • Samsung Support page
  • ARM NEON Multimedia Applications
  • CyanogenMod operating system (Alternative Android distribution)
Preceded by
Samsung i5700
Samsung Galaxy S
2010
Succeeded by
Galaxy S II

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