World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Galway Kinnell

Article Id: WHEBN0000880234
Reproduction Date:

Title: Galway Kinnell  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: The Best American Poetry 2007, Weather Systems (Andrew Bird album), No Mountains Poetry Project, 1990 in poetry, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
Collection: 1927 Births, 2014 Deaths, 20Th-Century American Poets, 20Th-Century Translators, 21St-Century American Poets, American Male Poets, American Tax Resisters, French–english Translators, German–english Translators, Guggenheim Fellows, Iowa Writers' Workshop Faculty, MacArthur Fellows, Members of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, National Book Award Winners, Poets from Rhode Island, Poets from Vermont, Poets Laureate of Vermont, Pulitzer Prize for Poetry Winners, Rome Prize Winners, Sarah Lawrence College Faculty, The New Yorker People, Wilbraham & Monson Academy Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Galway Kinnell

Galway Kinnell
Reading poetry at Beatnik Party
Grindstone Cafe, Lyndonville, Vermont
March 16, 2013
Born (1927-02-01)February 1, 1927
Providence, Rhode Island
Died October 28, 2014(2014-10-28) (aged 87)
Sheffield, Vermont
Occupation Poet
Nationality American
Notable awards

National Book Award

Pulitzer Prize

Galway Kinnell (February 1, 1927 – October 28, 2014) was an American poet. For his 1982 Selected Poems he won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry[1] and split the National Book Award for Poetry with Charles Wright.[2] From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont.

An admitted follower of Walt Whitman, Kinnell rejects the idea of seeking fulfillment by escaping into the imaginary world. His best-loved and most anthologized poems are "St. Francis and the Sow" and "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps".[3]


  • Biography 1
  • Work 2
  • Bibliography 3
    • Poetry 3.1
      • Collections 3.1.1
      • Poems 3.1.2
    • Novels 3.2
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6


Born in Providence, Rhode Island, Kinnell said that as a youth he was turned on to poetry by Edgar Allan Poe and Emily Dickinson, drawn to both the musical appeal of their poetry and the idea that they led solitary lives. The allure of the language spoke to what he describes as the homogeneous feel of his hometown, Pawtucket, Rhode Island. He has also described himself as an introvert during his childhood.[4]

Kinnell studied at Princeton University, graduating in 1948 alongside friend and fellow poet W.S. Merwin. He received his master of arts degree from the University of Rochester.[5] He traveled extensively in Europe and the Middle East, and went to Paris on a Fulbright Fellowship. During the 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement in the United States caught his attention. Upon returning to the US, he joined CORE (Congress of Racial Equality) and worked on voter registration and workplace integration in Hammond, Louisiana. This effort got him arrested. In 1968, he signed the “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.[6] Kinnell draws upon both his involvement with the civil rights movement and his experiences protesting against the Vietnam War in his book-long poem The Book of Nightmares.[7]

From 1989 to 1993 he was poet laureate for the state of Vermont. [8]

Kinnell was the Erich Maria Remarque Professor of Creative Writing at New York University and a Chancellor of the American Academy of Poets. As of 2011 he was retired and resided at his home in Vermont[8] until his death in October 2014 from leukemia.[9]


While much of Kinnell's work seems to deal with social issues, it is by no means confined to one subject. Some critics have pointed to the spiritual dimensions of his poetry, as well as the nature imagery present throughout his work.[10] “The Fundamental Project of Technology” deals with all three of those elements, creating an eerie, chant-like and surreal exploration of the horrors atomic weapons inflict on humanity and nature. Sometimes Kinnell utilizes simple and brutal images (“Lieutenant! / This corpse will not stop burning!” from “The Dead Shall be Raised Incorruptible”) to address his anger at the destructiveness of humanity, informed by Kinnell’s activism and love of nature. There’s also a certain sadness in all of the horror—“Nobody would write poetry if the world seemed perfect.” There’s also optimism and beauty in his quiet, ponderous language, especially in the large role animals and children have in his later work (“Other animals are angels. Human babies are angels”), evident in poems such as “Daybreak” and “After Making Love We Hear Footsteps”.[11]

In addition to his works of poetry and his translations, Kinnell published one novel (Black Light, 1966) and one children's book (How the Alligator Missed Breakfast, 1982).

Kinnell wrote two elegies for his close friend, the poet James Wright, upon the latter's death in 1980. They appear in From the Other World: Poems in Memory of James Wright.




  • What a Kingdom It Was. Houghton Mifflin. 1960. 
  • Flower Herding on Mount Monadnock. Houghton Mifflin. 1964. 
  • Body Rags. Houghton Mifflin. 1968. 
  • The Book of Nightmares. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1973.  
  • The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World: Poems 1946–64 (1974)
  • "Saint Francis and the Sow" No Mountains Poetry Project Broadside Series (1976)
  • Walking Down the Stairs (a collection of interviews) (1978).
  • Mortal Acts, Mortal Words. Houghton Mifflin. 1980.  
  • "After Making Love We Hear Footsteps". Copper Canyon Press. 1980. 
  • Blackberry Eating. William B. Ewert. 1980. 
  • Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin. 1982. [1] and Pulitzer Prize[2][2] —winner of the National Book Award 
  • How the Alligator Missed Breakfast. Illustrator Lynn Munsinger. Houghton Mifflin. 1982.  
  • "The Fundamental Project of Technology". William B. Ewert. 1983. 
  • The Past. Houghton Mifflin. 1985.  
  • When One Has Lived a Long Time Alone. Knopf. 1990.  
  • Three Books. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002.  
  • Imperfect Thirst. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 1996.  
  • A New Selected Poems. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2000. [12] —finalist for the National Book Award 
  • The avenue bearing the initial of Christ into the New World: poems, 1953–1964. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2002.  
  • Strong Is Your Hold. Houghton Mifflin. 2006.  
Translated collections
  • Yvan Goll (1970). Lackawanna Elegy. Translator Galway Kinnell. Sumac Press.  
  • Yvan Goll (1968). Yvan Goll, Selected Poems. Translators Paul Zweig, Jean Varda, Robert Bly, George Hitchcock, Galway Kinnell. Kayak Books. 


Title Year First published in Reprinted/collected in
I, Coyote, stilled wonder 2013 The New Yorker 88/43 (January 14, 2013)


  • Black Light. Houghton Mifflin. 1966. 


  1. ^ a b "Poetry". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
  2. ^ a b c "National Book Awards – 1983". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
    (With essay by Eric Smith from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  3. ^ Charles Molesworth (1987). "The Rank Favor of Blood". In Howard Nelson. On the poetry of Galway Kinnell. University of Michigan Press.  
  4. ^ The Poetry Foundation, Galway Kinnell, 1927–2014,
  5. ^ Press release of November 8, 2000, from the University of Rochester
  6. ^ “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” January 30, 1968 New York Post
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b Smith College press release
  9. ^ Daniel Lewis (October 29, 2014). "Galway Kinnell, Poet Who Went His Own Way, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  10. ^ Modern Poets
  11. ^ Poetry Archive
  12. ^ "National Book Awards – 2000". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-04-07.

Further reading

  • Conesa-Sevilla, J. (2008). Dreaming With Bear (Kinnell's Poem). Ecopsychology Symposium at the 25th Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Dreams, Montreal, July 11.

External links

  • Galway Kinnell at the Internet Movie Database
  • Poems by Kinnell and biography at
  • "Interview with Galway Kinnell by Mike Edgerly on Minnesota Public Radio" MPR Interview
  • "The loveliness of pigs: Galway Kinnell searches for the real beauty" interview and poem “Daybreak” on the Christian Science Monitor
  • Cortland Review interview and poem “The Fundamental Project of Technology”
  • "Galway Kinnell reads 'Wait' " for the WGBH series, New Television Workshop
  • " 'Since you asked..,' with Galway Kinnell for the WGBH series, *New Television Workshop
  • Profile and poems at Academy of American Poets
  • 1988 Whiting Writers' Award Keynote Speech
  • Modern American Poetry short biography
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.