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Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley

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Title: Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley  
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Subject: Anglo-Egyptian War, John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, Paul Kruger, Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, Viscount Wolseley
Collection: 1833 Births, 1913 Deaths, Anglo-Irish People, British Army Personnel of the 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War, British Army Personnel of the Anglo-Zulu War, British Army Personnel of the Crimean War, British Army Personnel of the Mahdist War, British Army Personnel of the Second Opium War, British Field Marshals, British Military Personnel of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, British Military Personnel of the Second Anglo-Burmese War, British Military Personnel of the Third Anglo-Ashanti War, Burials at St Paul's Cathedral, Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, Governors of the Gold Coast, High Commissioners of the United Kingdom to Cyprus, Infobox Templates, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knights of St Patrick, Members of the Council of India, Members of the Order of Merit, Members of the Privy Council of Ireland, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People from Dublin (City), People of the Fenian Raids, People of the Red River Rebellion, People of the Sekukuni Campaign, Recipients of the Order of Osmanieh, Recipients of the Order of the Medjidie, Recipients of the Order of the Medjidieh, Royal Horse Guards Officers, Suffolk Regiment Officers, Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
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Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley

The Viscount Wolseley
Field Marshal Lord Wolseley
Born 4 June 1833
Golden Bridge House, Dublin
Died 25 March 1913 (aged 79)
Menton, France
Buried at St Paul's Cathedral, London
Allegiance British Empire
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1852–1900
Rank Field Marshal
Commands held Quartermaster-General to the Forces
Adjutant-General to the Forces
Commander-in-Chief in Ireland
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Regiment

Second Burmese War
Crimean War

Indian Mutiny

Second Opium War

Fenian raids
Red River Rebellion
Third Anglo-Ashanti War
Anglo-Zulu War
1882 Anglo-Egyptian War

Mahdist War

Awards Knight of the Order of St Patrick
Member of the Order of Merit
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Volunteer Decoration
Mentioned in Despatches
Order of the Medjidie (Ottoman Empire)
Order of Osmanieh (Ottoman Empire)
Legion of Honour (France)
Other work Governor of the Gold Coast
Governor of Natal and Transvaal

GCMG, VDPC (4 June 1833 – 25 March 1913) was an Anglo-Irish officer in the British Army. He served in Burma, the Crimean War, the Indian Mutiny, China, Canada and widely throughout Africa—including his Ashanti campaign (1873–1874) and the Nile Expedition against Mahdist Sudan in 1884–85. Wolesley served as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces from 1895 to 1900. His reputation for efficiency led to the late 19th century English phrase "everything's all Sir Garnet", meaning "all is in order."[1]


  • Education and the Second Burmese War 1
  • Crimea 2
  • Indian Mutiny of 1857 3
  • Canada 4
  • Ashanti 5
  • Egypt and Commander-in-Chief 6
    • Honorific and royal appointments 6.1
  • Family 7
  • Channel Tunnel 8
  • Legacy 9
  • References 10
  • Bibliography 11
  • External links 12

Education and the Second Burmese War

Born the eldest son of Major Garnet Joseph Wolseley of "the King's Own Scottish Borderers" (25th Foot) and Frances Anne Wolseley (née Smith), Wolseley was educated in Dublin and first worked in a surveyor’s office.[2]

Wolesley obtained a commission as an ensign in the 12th Foot on 12 March 1852[3] without purchase, in recognition of his father's service.[2] He then transferred to the 80th Foot on 13 April 1852,[4] with whom he served in the Second Anglo-Burmese War.[5] He was severely wounded in the thigh on 19 March 1853 in the attack on Donabyu,[5] and was mentioned in despatches. Promoted to lieutenant on 16 May 1853 and invalided home, Wolseley transferred to the 84th Regiment of Foot on 27 January 1854,[6] and then to the 90th Light Infantry,[7] at that time stationed in Dublin, on 24 February 1854.[5] He was promoted to captain on 29 December 1854.[8]


Wolseley accompanied the regiment to the Crimea, and landed at Balaklava in December 1854. He was selected to be an assistant engineer, and attached to the Royal Engineers during the Siege of Sevastopol.[5] Wolseley served throughout the siege, where he was wounded at "the Quarries" on 7 June 1855, and again in the trenches on 30 August 1855, losing an eye.[5]

After the fall of Sevastopol, Wolseley was employed on the quartermaster-general's staff, assisting in the embarkation of the troops and supplies, and was one of the last British soldiers to leave the Crimea in July 1856.[5] For his services he was twice mentioned in despatches, received the war medal with clasp, the 5th class of the French Légion d'honneur[9] and the 5th class of the Turkish Order of the Medjidie.[10]

Six months after joining the 90th Foot at Aldershot, he went with it in March 1857 to join the troops being despatched for the Second Opium War.[5] Wolseley was embarked in the transport Transit which was wrecked in the Strait of Banka – the troops were all saved, but with only their personal arms and minimal ammunition. They were taken to Singapore, and from there were dispatched to Calcutta on account of the Indian Mutiny.[11]

Indian Mutiny of 1857

Wolseley distinguished himself at the relief of Lucknow under Sir Colin Campbell in November 1857,[5] and in the defence of the Alambagh position under Outram,[5] taking part in the actions of 22 December 1857, of 12 January 1858 and 16 January 1858, and also in the repulse of the grand attack of 21 February 1858.[2] That March, he served at the final siege and capture of Lucknow. He was then appointed deputy-assistant quartermaster-general on the staff of Sir Hope Grant's Oudh division,[2] and was engaged in all of the operations of the campaign, including the actions of Bari, Sarsi, Nawabganj, the capture of Faizabad, the passage of the Gumti and the action of Sultanpur. In the autumn and winter of 1858–59 he took part in the Baiswara, trans-Gogra and trans-Rapti campaigns ending with the complete suppression of the rebellion.[11] For his services he was frequently mentioned in dispatches, and having received the Mutiny medal and clasp, he was promoted to brevet major on 24 March 1858[12] and to brevet lieutenant-colonel on 26 April 1859.[13]

Wolseley continued to serve on Sir Hope Grant's staff in Oudh, and when Grant was nominated to the command of the British troops in the Anglo-French expedition to China of 1860,[5] accompanied him as the deputy-assistant quartermaster-general. He was present at the action at Sin-ho, the capture of Tang-ku, the storming of the Taku Forts,[5] the Occupation of Tientsin, the Battle of Pa-to-cheau and the entry into Peking (during which the destruction of the Chinese Imperial Old Summer Palace was begun).[5] He assisted in the re-embarkation of the troops before the winter set in. He was Mentioned, yet again, in Dispatches, and for his services received the medal and two clasps. On his return home he published the Narrative of the War with China in 1860.[14] He was given the substantive rank of major on 15 February 1861.[15]


Field Marshal Viscount Wolseley

In November 1861, Wolseley was one of the special service officers sent to Canada in connection with the Trent incident.[2]

In 1862, shortly after the Battle of Antietam, Wolseley took leave from his military duties and went to investigate the American Civil War. He befriended Southern sympathizers in Maryland, who found him passage into Virginia with a blockade runner across the Potomac River. There he met with the Generals Robert E. Lee, James Longstreet and Stonewall Jackson.[5] He also provided an analysis on Lieutenant-General Nathan Bedford Forrest. The New Orleans Picayune (10 April 1892) published Wolseley's ten-page portrayal of Forrest, which condensed much of what was written about him by biographers of the time. This work appeared in the Journal of the Southern Historical Society in the same year, and is commonly cited today. Wolseley addressed Forrest's role at the Battle of Fort Pillow near Memphis, Tennessee in April, 1864 in which black USCT troops and white officers were alleged by some to have been slaughtered after Fort Pillow had been conquered. Wolseley wrote, "I do not think that the fact that one-half of the small garrison of a place taken by assault was either killed or wounded evinced any very unusual bloodthirstiness on the part of the assailants."[16]

Wolseley returned to Canada where he became a brevet

Government offices
Preceded by
Robert William Harley
Governor of the Gold Coast
Succeeded by
James Maxwell
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Daniel Lysons
Quartermaster-General to the Forces
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Herbert
Preceded by
Sir Charles Ellice
Adjutant-General to the Forces
Succeeded by
Sir Redvers Buller
Preceded by
HH Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Succeeded by
The Lord Roberts of Kandahar
Preceded by
Sir Patrick Grant
Colonel of the Royal Horse Guards
Succeeded by
Sir Evelyn Wood
Preceded by
HRH The Duke of Cambridge
Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
Succeeded by
The Lord Roberts of Kandahar
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Wolseley
Succeeded by
Frances Garnet Wolseley
  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography OnlineBiography at the
  • Works by Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley at Internet Archive

External links

  • Stead, W. T. (September 1890). "Character Sketch: Lord Wolseley". Review of Reviews: 275. 
  • Bond, Brian (1961). "The Retirement of the Duke of Cambridge". Journal of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies 106 (62): 544–553. 


  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals 1736–1997. Pen & Sword Books Ltd.  
  • Lehmann, Joseph (1964). All Sir Garnet; a life of Field-Marshal Lord Wolseley. London, J. Cape.  
  • Spiers, Edward M. (1992). The Late Victorian Army, 1868–1902. Manchester History of the British Army. 
  • Tabor, Paddy (2010). The Household Cavalry Museum. Ajanta Book Publishing.  
  • White-Spunner, Barney (2008). Horse Guards. Macmillan.  
  • Wolseley, Garnet (1904). The Story of a Soldier’s Life (Lord Wolseley’s Memoirs, in two volumes). Charles Scribner’s Sons, New York.  
  • Black, Jeremy (ed.) (2008). Great Military Leaders and Their Campaigns. Thames & Hudson. pp. 232–233.  



  1. ^ Farmer, John Stephen; Henley, W.E. (1903). Slang and Its Analogues Past and Present: A Dictionary ... with Synonyms in English, French ... Etc. Harrison & Sons. p. 215. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21300. p. 768. 12 March 1852. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21309. p. 1058. 13 April 1852. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Heathcote, p.311
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21515. p. 232. 27 January 1854. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21526. p. 642. 24 February 1854. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21645. p. 4259. 29 December 1854. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21909. p. 2699. 4 August 1856. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22107. p. 1264. 2 March 1858. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  11. ^ a b "A Victorian Army Hero". Timmonet. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22117. p. 1571. 24 March 1858. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22255. p. 1727. 26 April 1859. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  14. ^ Narrative of the War with China. BiblioBazaar. 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22480. p. 654. 15 February 1861. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  16. ^ United Service Magazine, London, 1892, April and May issues
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22992. p. 3579. 18 July 1865. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23278. p. 4045. 19 July 1867. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Heathcote, p. 312
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23690. p. 5873. 23 December 1870. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23715. p. 1378. 14 March 1871. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24082. p. 1924. 31 March 1874. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24083. p. 1971. 3 April 1874. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24085. p. 2061. 10 April 1874. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24184. p. 810. 26 February 1875. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  26. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24508. p. 5460. 2 October 1877. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  27. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24574. p. 2638. 19 April 1878. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  28. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24605. p. 4154. 16 July 1878. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  29. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24730. p. 3731. 3 June 1879. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  30. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24838. p. 2727. 27 April 1880. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  31. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24857. p. 3587. 22 June 1880. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  32. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25084. p. 1131. 14 March 1882. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  33. ^ a b c d e Heathcote, p.313
  34. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25169. p. 5173. 17 November 1882. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  35. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25170. p. 5195. 21 November 1882. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  36. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25168. p. 5106. 17 November 1882. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  37. ^ "The Battle of Tel-el-Kebir". Mcgonagall. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25394. p. 4040. 9 September 1884. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  39. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25514. p. 4515. 25 September 1885. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  40. ^ James, Henry (2012). The Master, the Modern Major General, and His Clever Wife: Henry James's Letters to Field Marshal Lord Wolseley and Lady Wolseley, 1878–1913. University of Virginia Press. 
  41. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26516. p. 3117. 26 May 1894. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  42. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26676. p. 5923. 1 November 1895. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  43. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27263. p. 83. 4 January 1901. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  44. ^ "War Office Administration – Duties of Commander-in-Chief". Hansard. 4 March 1901. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  45. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27316. p. 3552. 22 May 1901. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  46. ^ "The King – the special Embassies" The Times (London). Saturday, 23 March 1901. (36410), p. 12.
  47. ^ "The King´s accession" The Times (London). Friday, 12 April 1901. (36427), p. 3.
  48. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27470. p. 5679. 2 September 1902. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  49. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27586. p. 5078. 11 August 1903. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  50. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25229. p. 2500. 11 May 1883. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  51. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25926. p. 2294. 23 April 1889. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  52. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26624. p. 2774. 14 May 1895. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  53. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26988. p. 4354. 19 July 1898. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  54. ^ "New Castle liner Walmer Castle" The Times (London). Saturday, 15 March 1902. (36716), p. 11.
  55. ^ a b Heathcote, p.314
  56. ^ "Proposed Channel Tunnel". Hansard. 24 January 1929. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  57. ^ Baker, Margaret (2008). Discovering London Statues and Monuments. Osprey Publishing. p. 18.  
  58. ^ "Horse Guards Parade". Secret London. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  59. ^ Wolseley Barracks. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 July 2011.
  60. ^ "Wolseley Helmet in pictures From Omdurman to El Alamein". Naval & Military Press. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  61. ^ "Structure". Duke of York's Royal Military School. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  62. ^ "Parish Church of St Michael and All Angels, Colwich". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  63. ^ Bradley, p. 220
  64. ^ "Patience Web Opera". Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  65. ^ "An Historical Walking Tour of Wolseley (Winnipeg)". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  66. ^ "Wolseley: My Kind of Town". Harrowsmith Country Life. April 2000. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  67. ^ "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names" P.E.Raper)
  68. ^ Gemma (30 May 2012). "A New Life for Sir Garnet". Vintage Norwich. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  69. ^ "Sir Garnet Wolseley". Norwich Market. Norwich Heritage Projects. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  70. ^ "About the Sir Garnet". The Sir Garnet. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  71. ^ Bale, David (29 June 2012). "Norwich market place to get the Sir Garnet Wolseley pub back – but with a different name". Norwich Evening News. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  72. ^ Eric Partridge, A Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, (1961)
  73. ^ Guardian editorial board (18 July 2011). "'"Army cuts: Not 'All Sir Garnet. The Guardian. Retrieved 18 February 2013. The Victorian byword for a smart operation of any kind was 'All Sir Garnet'... 


In recognition of his success, an expression arose: "all Sir Garnet" meaning; that everything is in good order.[72][73]

The Sir Garnet pub in the centre of Norwich, overlooking the historic market place and city hall, is named after Field Marshal Lord Wolseley. The pub opened in about 1861 and adopted the name Sir Garnet Wolseley in 1874, changed after a brief closing (2011–12) to Sir Garnet.[68][69][70][71]

The residential areas of Wolseley in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, located in the west central part of the city[65] and of Wolseley in Saskatchewan, Canada are named after him[66] The town of Wolseley in the Western Cape South Africa, is named after Sir Garnet Joseph Wolseley. It was established on the farm Goedgevonden in 1875 and attained municipal status in 1955; prior to this it was known as Ceres Road.[67]

[64], Colonel Calverley praises Wolseley in the phrase: "Skill of Sir Garnet in thrashing a cannibal".Patience In another of Gilbert & Sullivan's operettas, [63]

Field Marshal Lord Wolseley is commemorated by a tablet at St Michael and All Angels Church in Colwich, Staffordshire, a short distance from Shugborough Hall and Wolseley Park at Colwich, near Rugeley. The church was the burial place of the Wolseley baronets of Wolseley Park, of whom Field Marshal Lord Wolseley was a distant relative.[62]

Wolseley Barracks, at London, Ontario, is a Canadian military base (now officially known as ASU London), established in 1886. It is on the site of Wolseley Hall, the first building constructed by a Canadian Government specifically to house an element of the newly created Permanent Force. Wolseley Barracks has been continuously occupied by the Canadian Army since its creation, and has always housed some element of The Royal Canadian Regiment. At present, Wolseley Hall is occupied by the Royal Canadian Regiment Museum and the Regiment's 4th Battalion, among other tenants.[59] The white pith helmet still worn as part of the full-dress uniform of the RCR (pictured in the caricature above from Punch) is known as a Wolseley helmet.[60] Wolseley is also a Senior Boys house at the Duke of York's Royal Military School.[61]

There is an equestrian statue of Wolseley in Horse Guards Parade in London. This was sculpted by Sir William Goscombe John R.A.[57] and erected in 1920.[58]

The Sir Garnet pub in 1883


Wolseley was deeply opposed to Sir Edward Watkin's attempt to build a Channel Tunnel. He gave evidence to a parliamentary commission that the construction might be "calamitous for England", he added that "No matter what fortifications and defences were built, there would always be the peril of some continental army seizing the tunnel exit by surprise." Various contrivances to satisfy his objections were put forward including looping the line on a viaduct from the Cliffs of Dover and back into them, so that the connection could be bombarded at will by the Royal Navy. For a combination of reasons over 100 years were to pass before a permanent link was made.[56]

Channel Tunnel

Wolseley was married in 1867 to Louisa (1843–1920), the daughter of Mr. A. Erskine.[5] His only child, Frances (1872–1936) was an author and founded the College for Lady Gardeners at Glynde. She was heiress to the viscountcy under special remainder.[55]

Ex-libris with his coat of arms


He died on 26 March 1913, at Menton on the French Riviera and was buried in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral, London.[55]

In retirement he was a member of the council of the Union-Castle Steamship Company.[54]

In early 1901 Lord Wolseley was appointed by King Edward to lead a special diplomatic mission to announce the King´s accession to the governments of Austria-Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and Greece.[46] During his visit to Constantinople, the Sultan presented him with the Order of Osmanieh set in brilliants.[47] He was admitted to the Order of Merit on 9 August 1902.,[48] and awarded the Volunteer Officers' Decoration on 11 August 1903.[49] He was also honorary colonel of the 23rd Middlesex Regiment from 12 May 1883,[50] honorary colonel of the Queen's Rifle Volunteer Brigade, the Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) from 24 April 1889,[51] colonel of the Royal Horse Guards from 29 March 1895[52] and colonel-in-chief of the Royal Irish Regiment from 20 July 1898.[53]

Honorific and royal appointments

Lord Wolseley was Gold Stick in Waiting to Queen Victoria and took part in the funeral procession following the death of Queen Victoria in February 1901.[45]

The unexpectedly large force required for the initial phase of the Second Boer War, was mainly furnished by means of the system of reserves which Wolseley had originated; but the new conditions at the War Office were not to his liking. The fiasco now called Black Week culminated in his dismission over Christmastime. Upon being released from responsibilities he brought the whole subject before the House of Lords in a speech.[44]

Wolseley continued at the War Office as Duke of Cambridge as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces on 1 November 1895.[42] This was the position to which his great experience in the field and his previous signal success at the War Office itself had fully entitled him, but it was increasingly irrelevant. Field Marshal Viscount Wolseley's powers in that office were, however, limited by a new Order in Council, and after holding the appointment for over five years, he handed over the command-in-chief to his fellow field marshal, Earl Roberts, on 3 January 1901.[43] He had also suffered from a serious illness in 1897, from which he never fully recovered.[33]

On 1 September 1884, Wolseley was again called away from his duties as adjutant-general, to command the General Gordon and the besieged garrison at Khartoum. Wolseley's unusual strategy was to take an expedition by boat up the Nile, disembarking at Suakin, and crossing the desert to Khartoum, while the naval boats went on to Khartoum.[38] The expedition arrived too late; Khartoum had been taken, and Gordon was dead.[33] In the spring of 1885, complications with Imperial Russia over the Panjdeh Incident occurred, and the withdrawal of that particular expedition followed. For his services there, he received two clasps to his Egyptian medal, the thanks of Parliament, and on 19 August 1885 was created Viscount Wolseley, of Wolseley in the County of Stafford,[39] and a Knight of the Order of St Patrick.[2] At the invitation of the Queen, the Wolseley family moved from their former home at 6 Hill Street, London to the much grander Ranger's House in Greenwich in autumn 1888.[40]

On 1 April 1882, Wolseley was appointed Adjutant-General to the Forces,[32] and, in August of that year, given command of the British forces in Egypt under Muhammad Ali and his successors to suppress the Urabi Revolt.[33] Having seized the Suez Canal, he then disembarked his troops at Ismailia and, after a very short campaign, completely defeated Urabi Pasha at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir, thereby suppressing yet another rebellion.[33] For his services, he was promoted to the substantive rank of general on 18 November[34] and raised to the peerage as Baron Wolseley, of Cairo and of Wolseley in the County of Stafford. He also received the thanks of Parliament and the Egypt Medal with clasp;[35] the Order of Osmanieh, First Class, as bestowed by the Khedive;[36] and the more dubious accolade of a composition in his honour by poetaster William Topaz McGonagall.[37]

1882 caricature from Punch

Egypt and Commander-in-Chief

Wolseley accepted a seat on the King, Sekhukhune, to submission, he returned home in May 1880 and was appointed Quartermaster-General to the Forces on 1 July 1880.[30] For his services in South Africa he received the South Africa Medal with clasp, and was advanced to Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath on 19 June 1880.[31]

[25], he was sent to that colony as governor and general-commanding on 24 February 1875.Natal however, in consequence of the indigenous unrest in [24] with effect from 1 April 1874;auxiliary forces of inspector-general universities. On his return home he was appointed Cambridge and LL.D of Oxford was conferred upon him with a sword of honour, and he was made honorary DCL of London of freedom of the city. The Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath and a [23] In 1873, Wolseley commanded the expedition to

Wolseley in 1874, from the Illustrated London News


[19].Cardwell schemes of army reform he furthered the [19] in 1871War Office at the adjutant-general Appointed assistant [21] on 13 March 1871.Companion of the Order of the Bath and a [20]

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