World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Geometric abstract art

Article Id: WHEBN0012742381
Reproduction Date:

Title: Geometric abstract art  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of painting, Chaves Municipality, Portugal, List of art movements, Shaped canvas, List of Australian artists, Outline of painting, Piet Mondrian, Gego, Paul Hartal, George Johnson (artist)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Geometric abstract art

Geometric abstraction is a form of abstract art based on the use of geometric forms sometimes, though not always, placed in non-illusionistic space and combined into non-objective (non-representational) compositions. Throughout 20th-century art historical discourse, critics and artists working within the reductive or pure strains of abstraction have often suggested that geometric abstraction represents the height of a non-objective art practice, which necessarily stresses or calls attention to the root plasticity and two-dimensionality of painting as an artistic medium. Thus, it has been suggested that geometric abstraction might function as a solution to problems concerning the need for modernist painting to reject the illusionistic practices of the past while addressing the inherently two dimensional nature of the picture plane as well as the canvas functioning as its support. Wassily Kandinsky, one of the forerunners of pure non-objective painting, was among the first modern artists to explore this geometric approach in his abstract work. Other examples of pioneer abstractionists such as Kasimir Malevich and Piet Mondrian have also embraced this approach towards abstract painting.



However, geometric abstraction cannot only be seen as an invention of 20th century avant-garde artists or movements. It is present among many cultures throughout history both as decorative motifs and as art pieces themselves. Islamic art, in its prohibition of depicting religious figures, is a prime example of this geometric pattern-based art, which existed centuries before the movement in Europe and in many ways influenced this Western school. Aligned with and often used in the architecture of Islamic civilations spanning the 7th century-20th century, geometric patterns were used to visually connect spirituality with science and art, both of which were key to Islamic thought of the time.

Abstract art has also historically been likened to music in its ability to convey emotional or expressive feelings and ideas without reliance upon or reference to recognizable objective forms already existent in reality. Wassily Kandinsky has discussed this connection between music and painting, as well as how the practice of classical composition had influenced his work, at length in his seminal essay Concerning the Spiritual in Art.

Expressionist abstract painting, as practiced by artists such as Jackson Pollock, Franz Kline, Clyfford Still, and Wols, represents the opposite of geometric abstraction.

Selected artists

Artists who have worked extensively in geometric abstraction include Nadir Afonso, Josef Albers, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Mino Argento,[2] Max Bill, Ilya Bolotowsky, Kenneth Wayne Bushnell, Nassos Daphnis, Ronald Davis, Tony DeLap, Jean Dewasne, Burgoyne Diller, Theo van Doesburg, Thomas Downing, Günter Fruhtrunk, Bryce Hudson, Al Held, Wassily Kandinsky, Ellsworth Kelly, Hilma af Klint, František Kupka, Michael Loew, Kazimir Malevich, Agnes Martin, John McLaughlin, Piet Mondrian, Barnett Newman, Kenneth Noland, Alejandro Otero, Ad Reinhardt, Jack Reilly, Bridget Riley, Alexander Rodchenko, Sean Scully, Leon Polk Smith, Henryk Stażewski, Frank Stella, Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Victor Vasarely, Friedrich Vordemberge-Gildewart, Charmion von Wiegand, Zanis Waldheims, Gordon Walters, Neil Williams and Larry Zox among others.

See also

References

External links

  • Geoform
  • Geometric Abstraction.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.