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German federal election, 1930

German federal election, 1930

14 September 1930

All 577 seats in the Reichstag
289 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 82.0%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Otto Wels Adolf Hitler Ernst Thälmann
Party SPD NSDAP KPD
Leader since 1919 28 July 1921 October 1925
Last election 153 seats, 29.8% 12 seats, 2.6% 54 seats, 10.6%
Seats won 143 107 77
Seat change Decrease10 Increase95 Increase23
Popular vote 8,575,244 6,379,672 4,590,160
Percentage 24.53% 18.25% 13.13%
Swing Decrease5.27% Increase17.65% Increase2.53%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Ludwig Kaas Alfred Hugenberg Ernst Scholz
Party Centre DNVP DVP
Leader since September 1928 1928 1929
Last election 61 seats, 12.1% 73 seats, 14.2% 45 seats, 8.7%
Seats won 68 41 30
Seat change Increase7 Decrease32 Decrease15
Popular vote 4,127,000 2,457,686 1,577,365
Percentage 11.81% 7.03% 4.51%
Swing Decrease0.29% Decrease7.17% Decrease3.19%

Chancellor before election

Heinrich Brüning
Centre

Elected Chancellor

None (Brüning remained unelected Chancellor)

Reichstag composition

The German federal election occurred on 14 September 1930.[1] Despite losing 10 seats, the Social Democratic Party of Germany remained the largest party in the Reichstag, winning 143 of the 577 seats, whilst the Nazi Party dramatically increased its number of seats from 12 to 107.[2]

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Germany
Foreign relations

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 8,575,244 24.53 143 –10
National Socialist German Workers Party 6,379,672 18.25 107 +95
Communist Party of Germany 4,590,160 13.13 77 +23
Centre Party 4,127,000 11.81 68 +7
German National People's Party 2,457,686 7.03 41 –32
German People's Party 1,577,365 4.51 30 –15
German State Party 1,322,034 3.78 20 –5
Reich Party of the German Middle Class 1,361,762 3.90 23 0
Christian-National Peasants' and Farmers' Party 1,108,043 3.17 19 +10
Bavarian People's Party 1,058,637 3.03 19 +2
Christian Social People's Service 868,269 2.48 14 New
German Farmers' Party 339,434 0.97 6 –2
Conservative People's Party 290,579 0.83 4 New
Reich Party for Civil Rights and Deflation/Christian Social Reich Party 271,291 0.78 0 –2
Agricultural League 193,926 0.55 3 0
German-Hanoverian Party 144,286 0.41 3 –1
Christian Social Peoples Community 81,550 0.23 0 New
Polish People's Party 72,913 0.21 0 0
Schmalix Greater German List 26,707 0.08 0 New
House and Property Owners 25,530 0.07 0 0
Conservative People's Party/German-Hanoverian Party 22,218 0.06 0
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany 11,690 0.03 0 0
Freibund des Handwerks, Kleinhandels und Gewerbes 9,531 0.03 0 New
Radical German State Party 8,841 0.03 0 New
Deutsche Einheitspartei für wahre Volkswirtschaft 6,915 0.02 0 New
Kriegsbeschädigten- und Hinterbliebenenpartei der deutschen Mannschaft einschließlich der Abgefundenen 6,704 0.02 0 New
Deutsche Kulturpartei der geistigen Berufe, Angestellten und Beamten 6,181 0.02 0 New
Handel, Handwerk, Hausbesitz 3,644 0.01 0 New
Schleswig Club 1,785 0.01 0 0
Menschheitspartei und neue Volksgemeinschaft 1,626 0.0 0 New
Evangelical voters 1,326 0.0 0 New
Party against Alcohol 1,171 0.0 0 New
Arbeiter-Partei für das arbeitende und schaffende Volk 907 0.0 0 New
Prussian-Lithunanian People's Party 666 0.0 0 New
Renter and People's Reich Party 653 0.0 0 New
People's Party of the Lusatian Sorbs 288 0.0 0 New
Friesland 237 0.0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 268,028
Total 35,224,499 100.00 577 +86
Registered voters/turnout 42,982,912 82.0
Source: Gonschior.de


Popular Vote
SPD
  
24.53%
NSDAP
  
18.25%
KPD
  
13.13%
Zentrum
  
11.80%
DNVP
  
7.03%
DVP
  
4.51%
WP
  
3.90%
DStP (DDP)
  
3.78%
CNBL
  
3.17%
BVP
  
3.03%
CSVD
  
2.48%
Other
  
4.38%
Reichstag seats
SPD
  
24.78%
NSDAP
  
18.54%
KPD
  
13.34%
Zentrum
  
11.79%
DNVP
  
7.11%
DVP
  
5.20%
WP
  
3.99%
DStP (DDP)
  
3.47%
BVP
  
3.29%
CNBL
  
3.29%
CSVD
  
2.43%
Other
  
2.77%


References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p790
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