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German submarine U-320

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German submarine U-320

Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-320
Ordered: 14 October 1942
Builder: Flender Werke, Lübeck
Yard number: 320
Laid down: 1 December 1942
Launched: 6 November 1943
Commissioned: 30 December 1943
Fate: Badly damaged by a British aircraft in May 1945; scuttled in Norway[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC/41 submarine
Displacement: 759 tonnes (747 long tons) surfaced
860 t (846 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × GL RP 137/c electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 8,500 nmi (15,700 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
80 nmi (150 km) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 250 m (820 ft)
Crush depth: 275–325 m (902–1,066 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament:
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 4th U-boat Flotilla
(30 December 1943–1 April 1944)
5th U-boat Flotilla
(1 April–8 May 1945)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Siegfried Breinlinger
(3 December 1943–10 July 1944)
Oblt.z.S. Heinz Emmrich[note 1]
(1 July 1944–8 May 1945)
Operations: Two patrols:
16–21 April 1945
27 April–8 May 1945
Victories: None

German submarine U-320 was a Type VIIC/41 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She carried out just two patrols, but did not sink any ships.

The boat was sunk in May 1945 by a British aircraft and scuttling in the North Sea, the last to be sunk by direct action.[4]

Service history

The submarine was laid down on 1 December 1942 by the Flender Werke yard at Lübeck as yard number 320, launched on 6 November 1943 and commissioned on 30 December under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Siegfried Breinlinger.

She served with the 4th U-boat Flotilla for training, from 30 December 1943 to 1 April 1944 and the 5th flotilla for operations until her sinking on 8 May 1945.

1st patrol

U-320 departed Kiel on 16 April 1945 and arrived in Horten (south of Oslo), on the 21st.

2nd patrol and loss

The boat left Horten on 27 April 1945. On 8 May she was badly damaged by depth charges dropped from a British Catalina of No. 210 Squadron RAF. The battered submarine managed to surface off the Norwegian coast, where she was scuttled.[4]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp spells his surname "Emmerich".
Citations
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1997, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 261
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC/41 boat U-320 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-320 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Kemp, p. 261
Bibliography

External links

  • Hofmann, Markus. "U-320". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 2014-12-06. 
  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VII/C41 boat U-320". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  • at ubootwaffe.netU-320

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