World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gershayim

Article Id: WHEBN0006300683
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gershayim  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hebrew punctuation, Geresh, Hebrew alphabet, Hebrew diacritics, Hebrew keyboard
Collection: Hebrew Alphabet, Hebrew Diacritics, Punctuation, Typography
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Gershayim

Gershayim
punctuation mark ״ פַּרְדֵּ״ס
cantillation mark ֞ וּרְד֞וּ
compare with quotation marks
"פַּרְדֵּ״ס", "וּרְד֞וּ"


Gershayim (Hebrew: גֵּרְשַׁיִם, without niqqud גרשיים), also occasionally grashayim[1] (Hebrew: גְּרָשַׁיִם), names two distinct typographical marks in the Hebrew language. The name literally means "double geresh".

Contents

  • Punctuation mark 1
  • Cantillation mark 2
  • Computer encoding 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Punctuation mark

Gershayim most commonly refers to the punctuation mark ״. It is always written before the last letter of the non-inflected form of a word or numeral. It is used in the following ways:

  • To indicate an acronym.[2] For example: דּוּ״חַ (singular), דּוּ״חוֹת (plural), "report" represents דין וחשבון; and מ״כ (masculine), מַ״כִּית (feminine), "squad commander" represents מפקד כיתה.
  • To indicate a multi-digit Hebrew numeral. For example: ח״י represents 18.[3] Single-digit numerals are indicated with a following geresh.
  • To indicate the names of Hebrew letters, differentiating them from any homographs.[2] Compare הוּא שִׂרְטֵט עַיִן "he sketched an eye" with הוּא שִׂרְטֵט עַיִ״ן "he sketched an ayin".
  • To indicate Hebrew word roots.[2] For example: the root of תַּשְׁבֵּצִים /taʃbeˈtsim/ "crossword puzzles" is שב״צ (š—b—ṣ); the root of לְהַטּוֹת /lehaˈtot/ "to tilt, to conjugate" is נט״ה (n—ṭ—h); and the root of הִסְתַּנְכְּרְנוּת /histankreˈnut/ "becoming synchronized" is סנכר״נ (s–n–k–r–n).
  • In older texts, to indicate the transliteration of a foreign word. This use corresponds to English's use of italics. For example: in printed works of Rashi, the town of Rashi's birth, Troyes, is spelled טרוי״ש.

Cantillation mark

Gershayim is the name of a disjunctive cantillation accent in the Tanakh - ֞. It is placed above the stressed syllable, as in וַיִּקַּ֞ח (Genesis 22:3).[1]

Computer encoding

Most keyboards do not have a key for the gershayim. As a result, a quotation mark is often substituted for it.

Appearance Code Points Name
״ U+05F4 HEBREW PUNCTUATION GERSHAYIM
֞ U+059E HEBREW ACCENT GERSHAYIM

See also

References

  1. ^ a b .
  2. ^ a b c Hebrew punctuation guidelines, § 31, Academy of the Hebrew Language
  3. ^ ff.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.