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Ghent-Terneuzen Canal

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Title: Ghent-Terneuzen Canal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ghent, Geography of Belgium, Economy of Belgium, Delta Works, Terneuzen, Sas van Gent, Zelzate, Zeelandic Flanders, Battle of the Scheldt, Port of Antwerp
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ghent-Terneuzen Canal

The Ghent–Terneuzen Canal (Dutch: Kanaal van Gent naar Terneuzen), also known as the "Sea Canal" (Zeekanaal) is a canal linking Ghent in Belgium to the port of Terneuzen on the Westerschelde (Scheldt) estuary in the Netherlands, thereby providing the former with better access to the sea.


The canal was constructed between 1823 and 1827 on the initiative of the Dutch King: Belgium (as it subsequently became) and the Netherlands had become a united country under the terms agreed at the Congress of Vienna. After Belgium broke away in 1830, traffic to and from Belgium was blocked by the Dutch until 1841.

Between 1870 and 1885 the canal was enlarged to a depth of six and a half meters at its centre, and to a width of 17 meters at its base and 68 meters at the surface level: bridges were rebuilt accordingly along the Belgian sector.

The famous Cluysen - Ter Donck Regatta was organised here for many decades (1888-1954) and during the 1913 Expo of Ghent the European Rowing Championships took place on the canal.

Further development and major enlargement took place during the subsequent century, most notably during the early 1960s.


Today the Ghent-Terneuzen canal is 200 meters wide and 32 kilometers (20 mi) long, capable of accommodating ships of up to 125 000 gross tonnage. The largest permitted vessel size has increased, correspondingly, to 265 meters long x 34 meters wide, with a draft up to 12.5 meters.


External links

  • Portaal van Vlaanderen (Dutch)

51°08′48″N 3°46′57″E / 51.1466°N 3.78239°E / 51.1466; 3.78239

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