World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0005828530
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ghungroo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Indian musical instruments, Saieen Zahoor, Kathak, Odissi, Pakistani musical instruments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A pair of ghungroos
Kathak Danseuse Namrta Rai performing with 400 Ghungroos

A Ghungroo (Urdu: گھنگرو‎), ( Hindi:घुँघरू ), also known as Ghunghroo or Ghunghru or Ghungur (Bengali) or Salangai (Tamil) is one of many small metallic bells strung together to form Ghungroos, a musical anklet tied to the feet of classical Indian dancers, and also Pakistani dancers.[1] The sounds produced by Ghungroos vary greatly in pitch depending on their metallic composition and size. Ghungroos serve to accentuate the rhythmic aspects of the dance and allow complex footwork to be heard by the audience. They are worn immediately above the ankle, resting on the lateral malleolus and medial malleolus. A string of ghungroos can range from 50 to greater than 200 bells knotted together. A novice child dancer may start with 50 and slowly add more as he or she grows older and advances in his or her technical ability. Ghungroos or Salangais are worn in traditional performances of the classical Indian dance forms: Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kuchipudi, and Odissi etc.

Ghunghroo Vadan

Ghunghroo Vadan evolved by V. Anuradha Singh, a renowned Indian classical kathak exponent.She developed bell as a main musical Instrument and perform in many pure music festivals where dance is not allowed.Ghunghroo vadan focuses solely on foot percussive art (100 minutes, non-stop in one place).

Appearances on film

Meena Kumari in Pakeezah wore ghungroo to perform her many mujras (classical dances). Madhubala in Mughal-E-Azam wore ghungroos in her song "Jab Pyar Kiya Toh Darna Kya"

See Also



  1. ^ W. Hesse, Jr., Rayner (2007). Jewelrymaking Through History: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 8.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.