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Title: Gidget  
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Subject: Gidget Goes to Rome, Gidget Goes Hawaiian, Beach party film, Cindy Carol, The New Gidget
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Gidget, first edition dustjacket
First appearance Gidget, The Little Girl With Big Ideas
Last appearance The New Gidget
Created by Frederick Kohner
Portrayed by Sandra Dee
Deborah Walley
Cindy Carol
Sally Field
Karen Valentine
Monie Ellis
Kathy Gori (voice)
Caryn Richman
Sabrina Kramnich (stage)
Nickname(s) "Gidget"
Gender Female
Occupation Student. Also waitress (Cher Papa), teacher (Gidget in Love and Gidget Gets Married), fashion model (Gidget Goes Parisienne), tour guide (Gidget Goes New York and Gidget Grows Up) and travel agent (Gidget's Summer Reunion and The New Gidget).
Family Professor Russell Lawrence (father)
Anne Cooper (sister)
John Cooper (brother-in-law)
Spouse(s) Jeff "Moondoggie" Griffin (by the 1980s)
Relatives Danielle "Dani" Collins-Griffin (niece)

Gidget is a fictional character created by author Frederick Kohner (based on his teenage daughter, Kathy) in his 1957 novel, Gidget, the Little Girl with Big Ideas. The novel follows the adventures of a teenage girl and her surfing friends on the beach in Malibu. The name Gidget is a portmanteau of "girl" and "midget".[1] Following the novel's publication, the character appeared in several films, television series and telemovies.


  • Novels 1
  • Frederick Kohner 2
  • Films 3
  • Television 4
  • Stage 5
  • The Gidget/Bewitched connection 6
  • Gidget timeline 7
  • In popular culture 8
  • See also 9
  • Notes 10
  • External links 11


The original Gidget was created by Frederick Kohner in his 1957 novel Gidget, The Little Girl With Big Ideas (reprinted numerous times under the shortened title Gidget, by which it is more widely known), written in the first person and based on the accounts of his daughter Kathy (now Kathy Kohner-Zuckerman) of the surf culture of Malibu Point. Kohner, a prolific screenwriter with one Academy Award nomination, published seven sequels to this novel, five of them original novels:

  • Cher Papa[2] (1959)
  • The Affairs of Gidget[3] (1963)
  • Gidget in Love[4] (1965)
  • Gidget Goes Parisienne[5] (1966)
  • Gidget Goes New York[6](1968)

Kohner also wrote two novelizations adapted from films of the same titles, based on original stories by Ruth Brooks Flippen.

Frederick Kohner

Kohner, a Czechoslovakian Jew, worked in the German film industry as a screenwriter until 1933 when he emigrated to Hollywood after the Nazis started removing Jewish credits from films. Over the coming decades Kohner and his wife Franzie raised their two daughters by the beach while he toiled as a screenwriter for Columbia Pictures. As his children grew into American teenagers he noticed that his daughter Kathy in particular was drawn into a very specific, regional, contemporary slice of American teenage culture – the surf culture.

Surfing was a then minor youth movement that built its foundation around a sport, love of the beach, and jargon that must have proved a challenge to an Eastern European immigrant. The details fascinated Kohner, who was empathetic with his daughter's feminist intention to participate in a "boys-only" sport. A book was conceived and Kathy became her father's muse as he delved into the surfing world with his daughter as his guide. Over a six-week period Kohner wove the stories she told into a novel, which he titled upon completion with her nickname, Gidget.

In the original novel, Gidget gives her name as follows:

"It's Franzie," I said. "From Franziska. It's a German name. After my grandmother."[1]

She does not give us her last name. In subsequent novels, her name is Franzie Hofer. In the films in which she appears, her name is changed to a more English sounding Frances Lawrence, and the names of some other characters are changed as well. In the 1960s television series (episode 16, "Now There's a Face"), Gidget gives her full name as Frances Elizabeth Lawrence.[9]

Kohner also wrote other novels about the experiences of different teenaged girls, including The Continental Kick, Mister Will You Marry Me? and The Gremmie, as well as non-fiction books such as the biographies Kiki of Montparnasse and The Magician of Sunset Boulevard.


Sandra Dee as Gidget in the 1959 film, (VHS cover)

Kohner sold the movie rights to Columbia Pictures (through the William Morris Agency) for $50,000, then giving five percent of this to his daughter Kathy.[10]

In the late 1950s and early 1960s, the character Gidget (the prototypical beach bunny) was adapted for three films, all directed by Paul Wendkos and released by Columbia Pictures:

The first film also featured a young Yvonne Craig and Tom Laughlin, long before Laughlin became known as Billy Jack and Craig as Batgirl and her alter-ego Barbara Gordon in the final season of Batman. Although the later two films were billed as sequels to the first, there was little attempt at continuity other than in the plot. Only James Darren, playing Gidget's boyfriend Moondoggie, has the same major role in all three films. For Gidget Goes Hawaiian, some scenes from the first film were re-shot with the new cast, to be used as flashbacks.


In 1965, the character was adapted for television in the sitcom series Gidget, starring Sally Field.[9] The series reintroduced Larue, a timid, awkward girl who often accompanied Gidget on her zany escapades, and an older married sister Anne Cooper ("Ann Cooper" in the novels), both of whom appear in the original 1957 novel but are absent from the motion pictures. Gidget's brother-in-law, who appeared in the novels as Larry Cooper, an intelligent but condescending child psychiatrist was reinvented in the television series as John Cooper, an obtuse but lovable psychology student. In the television series, Gidget regarded both her sister and brother-in-law as clueless squares. The pilot episode ("Dear Diary - et al.") explains that Gidget's boyfriend Moondoggie is sent east to Princeton University with the convenient understanding that both were free to date others while separated, thus opening plots to a variety of complications and guest stars. In the sitcom, Gidget's mother is deceased (not true in the novels or the motion pictures), and the series focuses on the father-daughter relationship with Gidget receiving moral instruction from her father at episode's end and growing a little wiser from it. The sitcom ran for only one season, but spawned a devoted cult following.

Sally Field as television's Gidget (1965)

In 1969, Karen Valentine starred as Gidget in the telemovie Gidget Grows Up, freely adapted from the 1968 novel Gidget Goes New York, but also functioning as a sequel to the 1965 sitcom series.[11]

In 1972, another telemovie was made titled Gidget Gets Married, in which Gidget finally married longtime boyfriend Moondoggie. Monie Ellis played the title role.[12] This incarnation of Gidget is unique in that it gives Moondoggie's real name as "Jeff Stevens." In the novels, the other telemovies and The New Gidget he is "Geoffrey H. Griffin" (the middle initial is mentioned only in the first novel); in the Hollywood films and the sitcom Gidget he is "Jeffrey Matthews." Later that year, Hanna-Barbera produced a 60-minute animated feature for television, Gidget Makes the Wrong Connection, with Kathy Gori as the voice of Gidget.[13] It was broadcast as part of the Saturday morning series The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie.

In 1985, a follow-up of the 1965 sitcom series was launched with the telemovie Gidget's Summer Reunion, starring Caryn Richman as a grown version of the character played by Sally Field.[14] This was followed by a sitcom series The New Gidget, which ran for two seasons, 1986–1988.[15]


In 2000, Francis Ford Coppola staged a musical version of the story, which he calls "sort of A Catcher in the Rye for girls".[16]

In 2007, Terry McCabe and Marissa McKown adapted a stage play Gidget from Kohner's 1957 novel. It was performed at City Lit Theater in Chicago in May and June 2007, directed by Marissa McKown and starred Sabrina Kramnich as Gidget.[17]

The Gidget/Bewitched connection

The 1959 Columbia Pictures' Gidget was filmed on location at a real home in Santa Monica (at 267 18th Street) as seen in the film. The blueprint design of this home was later reversed and replicated as a house facade attached to an existing garage on the backlot of the Columbia Ranch on Hollywood Way in Burbank (now known as the Warner Bros. Ranch). The reversed Gidget house was primarily used on the Columbia/Screen Gems hit sitcom series Bewitched which premiered in 1964. This facade (still standing) was built right next door to a much older house facade used as the home of Gidget in the television series from 1965-66. The patio and living room interior sets seen in Columbia's Gidget Goes to Rome (1963) were soon adapted for the permanent Bewitched interior house set for 1964. In the television series from 1965–66, Gidget (played by Sally Field) is often shown with a "Samantha" doll in her bedroom (a merchandise cross promotion for the other Columbia television series), when she buys a map of the star's homes in the "Ring-a-Ding Dingbat" episode to find where the Dingbats are staying they mention Elizabeth Montgomery's house as being on the star map and in 1986's The New Gidget (produced by Columbia executive and producer Harry Ackerman) the facade used in shots for her home is the reversed Gidget house (better known by television audiences from those subsequent decades of reruns as Samantha's home on Bewitched).[18]

There are other examples of Screen Gems reusing resources from different productions. For instance, the exterior and kitchen sets of the 1965 television series starring Sally Field had been previously employed in the Screen Gems' sitcom Hazel starring Shirley Booth.

Gidget timeline

In popular culture

  • The Brunettes have a song titled "Too Big for Gidget".[19]
  • Suburban Lawns have a song titled "Gidget Goes To Hell", released in 1979 on Suburban Industrial records and compiled on "Just Can't Get Enough: New Wave Hits of the '80s", vol. 1. Song was notable for having a music video directed by Jonathan Demme, which was shown on Saturday Night Live.[20]
  • Just before the funeral ceremony of Brooke Armstrong-Campbell in Melrose Place, episode "Devil in a White Dress" (s4 ep22), Laura Leighton's character, Sydney Andrews, criticises Amanda for talking on her cell phone, who retorts: "Oh, just what I need: style pointers from Gidget!".[21]
  • In the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode "Witch", Joyce is showing Buffy her yearbook picture. Buffy says "Mom, I've accepted that you've had sex. I am not ready to know that you had Farrah hair." to which Joyce replies "This is Gidget hair. Don't they teach you anything in history?"[22]

See also


  1. ^ a b Gidget(2001) by Frederick Kohner, Berkley Publishing Group, New York, NY (first edition 1957)
  2. ^ "Cher Papa" (1959) by Frederick Kohner, Putnam Books, New York, NY
  3. ^ "The Affairs of Gidget" (1963) by Frederick Kohner, Bantam Books, NewYork, NY
  4. ^ Gidget in Love (1965) by Frederick Kohner, Dell Books, New York, NY
  5. ^ Gidget Goes Parisienne(1966) by Frederick Kohner, Dell Books, New York, NY
  6. ^ Gidget Goes New York(1968) by Frederick Kohner, Dell Books, New York, NY
  7. ^
    Gidget Goes Hawaiian (1961) by Frederick Kohner, Bantam Books, New York, NY
  8. ^ Gidget Goes To Rome(1963) by Frederick Kohner, Bantam Books, New York, NY
  9. ^ a b Gidget: The Complete Series [3] (2006). [DVD set]. New York: Sony Pictures.
  10. ^ info on the film deal
  11. ^ IMDb credits for Gidget Grows Up
  12. ^ Gidget Gets MarriedIMDb credits for
  13. ^ Gidget Makes the Wrong ConnectionSaturday Superstar Movies 2: Hanna-Barbera Productions,
  14. ^ Gidget's Summer ReunionIMDb credits for
  15. ^ The New GidgetIMDb credits for
  16. ^ LA Times review
  17. ^ GidgetReview of stage play
  18. ^ info on the Santa Monica home replicated
  19. ^ discography from Brunettes home page
  20. ^ Suburban Lawns
  21. ^ [4]
  22. ^ Buffy the Vampire Slayer quotes

External links

  • The Real Gidget, essay by Deanne Stillman about Kathy Kohner Zuckerman
  • In Malibu, Gidget's Up (interview with Zuckerman, Washington Post, September 16, 2005
  • Successful Women (interview with Zuckerman), Jewish Woman, Summer 2003
  • Review of the DVD containing the three Gidget films.
  • Synopsis of many telemovies including Gidget Grows Up.
  • Frederick Kohner at NNDB
  • Gidget (character) at IMDb
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