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Glassboro, New Jersey

Glassboro, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Glassboro
Hollybush Mansion at Rowan University
Hollybush Mansion at Rowan University
Glassboro highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Glassboro highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Glassboro, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Glassboro, New Jersey
Coordinates: [1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated March 11, 1878
Named for Glass industry
Government[3]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Leo J. McCabe (term ends December 31, 2018)[4]
 • Administrator Joseph A. Brigandi, Jr.[5]
 • Clerk Patricia A. Frontino[6]
Area[1]
 • Total 9.221 sq mi (23.882 km2)
 • Land 9.184 sq mi (23.787 km2)
 • Water 0.037 sq mi (0.095 km2)  0.40%
Area rank 217th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 148 ft (45 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 18,579
 • Estimate (2014)[11] 19,007
 • Rank 137th of 566 in state
5th of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 2,022.9/sq mi (781.0/km2)
 • Density rank 291st of 566 in state
10th of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08028[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 442, 863, 881[15]
FIPS code 3401526340[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885231[1][18]
Website .com.glassboroonlinewww

Glassboro is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 18,579,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 489 (-2.6%) from the 19,068 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,454 (+22.1%) over the 15,614 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

What is now Glassboro was originally formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 11, 1878, from portions of Clayton Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Elk Township (April 17, 1891) and Pitman (May 24, 1905). Glassboro was incorporated as a borough on March 18, 1920, replacing Glassboro Township.[20] The borough was named for its glass industry.[21][22][23]

Glassboro is home to Rowan University, founded in 1923 and formerly known as Glassboro State College, which was the site of the Glassboro Summit Conference in 1967 between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin.[24][25]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
    • Census 2010 3.1
    • Census 2000 3.2
  • Government 4
    • Local government 4.1
    • Federal, state and county representation 4.2
    • Politics 4.3
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Roads and highways 6.1
    • Public transportation 6.2
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

Glassboro's early history was built on the manufacturing of glass. The town was first established in 1779 by Solomon Stanger as "Glass Works in the Woods"; glass manufacturers over the years since include Heston-Carpenter Glass Works, Olive Glass Works, Harmony Glass Works, Temperanceville Glass Works, Whitney Brothers Glass Works, Owens Bottle Company, Owens Illinois Glass Company, and Anchor Hocking.[26]

The Glassboro Summit Conference between U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin took place in Glassboro. Johnson and Kosygin met for three days from June 23 to June 25, 1967, at Glassboro State College (later renamed Rowan University). The location was chosen as a compromise. Kosygin, having agreed to address the United Nations in New York City, wanted to meet in New York. Johnson, wary of encountering protests against the Vietnam War, preferred to meet in Washington, D.C. They agreed on Glassboro because it was equidistant between the two cities.[27] The generally amicable atmosphere of the summit was referred to as the "Spirit of Glassboro," although the leaders failed to reach agreement on limiting anti-ballistic missile systems.

On June 19, 1986, Ronald Reagan became the first sitting president to speak at a high school graduation when he spoke at the Glassboro High School commencement ceremonies.[28]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.221 square miles (23.882 km2), including 9.184 square miles (23.787 km2) of land and 0.037 square miles (0.095 km2) of water (0.40%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include Elsemere.[29]

Glassboro borders Elk Township, Clayton Borough, Monroe Township, Washington Township, Pitman Borough, Mantua Township, and Harrison Township.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glassboro has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[30]

Demographics

Census 2010

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,579 people, 6,158 households, and 3,972 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,022.9 per square mile (781.0/km2). There were 6,590 housing units at an average density of 717.5 per square mile (277.0/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 72.25% (13,423) White, 18.67% (3,469) Black or African American, 0.11% (21) Native American, 2.87% (534) Asian, 0.05% (10) Pacific Islander, 3.12% (580) from other races, and 2.92% (542) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.42% (1,378) of the population.[8]

There were 6,158 households, of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.13.[8]

In the borough, 19.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 26.4% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,795 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,793) and the median family income was $67,171 (+/- $9,496). Males had a median income of $49,695 (+/- $4,361) versus $43,489 (+/- $2,608) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,108 (+/- $1,421). About 9.3% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.[40]

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 19,068 people, 6,225 households, and 4,046 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,071.3 people per square mile (799.4/km²). There were 6,555 housing units at an average density of 712.0 per square mile (274.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 74.5% White, 19.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.[38][39]

There were 6,225 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 23.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.17.[38][39]

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 25.6% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 16.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.[38][39]

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,992, and the median income for a family was $55,246. Males had a median income of $40,139 versus $30,358 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,113. About 8.5% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.[38][39]

Government

Local government

Glassboro is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[3] The Borough form of government used by Glassboro, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[41][42]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Glassboro is

External links

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 24.
  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 18, 2015. As of date accessed, McCabe is listed as mayor with a term-end year of 2014.
  5. ^ Borough Administrator, Borough of Glassboro. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk/Registrar of Vital Statistics, Borough of Glassboro. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Glassboro, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Glassboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Glassboro borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 29, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Glassboro, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Glassboro, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed January 18, 2015.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 139. Accessed July 12, 2012.
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  22. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 138. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 31, 2015.
  23. ^ Herman, Jennifer New Jersey Encyclopedia, p. 280. State History Publications, 2008. ISBN 9781878592446. Accessed August 31, 2015.
  24. ^ Bitman, Terry. "New chapter for Hollybush Restoration advances at Glassboro residence where LBJ met Kosygin.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 14, 2003. Accessed July 21, 2015.
  25. ^ a b From Normal to Extraordinary: The History of Rowan University, Rowan University. Accessed July 21, 2015. "Rowan University has evolved from its humble beginning in 1923 as a normal school, with a mission to train teachers for South Jersey classrooms, to a comprehensive university with a strong regional reputation.... The University received worldwide attention when it hosted a historic summit conference between President Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Hollybush."
  26. ^ History - The PastBorough of Glassboro: . Accessed August 1, 2010.
  27. ^ Gray, Jerry. "Panel Approves Changing Name of Glassboro State to Rowan College", The New York Times, July 18, 1992. Accessed September 29, 2012. "The Soviet leader was attending a session of the United Nations General Assembly, and the southern New Jersey campus was chosen as the site of the meeting because it was roughly midway between New York City and Washington."
  28. ^ Remarks at the High School Commencement Exercises in Glassboro, New Jersey June 19, 1986, Ronald Reagan Presidential Library. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  29. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  30. ^ Climate Summary for Glassboro, New Jersey
  31. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  32. ^ Barnett, Bob. "Population Data for Gloucester County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000", WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  33. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  34. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  35. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 336. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  36. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  37. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  38. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Glassboro borough, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  39. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Glassboro borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 10, 2012.
  40. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Glassboro borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 12, 2012.
  41. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
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  45. ^ Staff. "Gloucester County election results 2014", South Jersey Times, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 18, 2015.
  46. ^ Councilwoman Anna Miller, Borough of Glassboro. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  47. ^ Davis, Phil. "Anna Miller to fill vacant Glassboro council seat as councilman steps down",
  48. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  49. ^ 2014 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  50. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  51. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  52. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  53. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  54. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  55. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
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  81. ^ District information for Glassboro School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 10, 2014.
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  83. ^ J. Harvey Rodgers School, Glassboro Public Schools. Accessed August 15, 2013.
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References

See also

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Glassboro include:

Notable people

Passenger train service to Glassboro existed from 1860 to 1971. The station used by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines is being renovated as visitors center.[93][94][95] The station is a planned terminal on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit (DMU) light rail system projected for completion in 2019.[96][97]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 313, 408 and 412 routes.[91][92]

Public transportation

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 78.43 miles (126.22 km) of roadways, of which 57.61 miles (92.71 km) were maintained by the municipality, 13.29 miles (21.39 km) by Gloucester County and 7.53 miles (12.12 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[90]

Roads and highways

Transportation

Rowan University is a public university with an enrollment of 12,000 students in 2015. The university was founded in 1923 as Glassboro Normal School on a 25-acre (10 ha) site donated by the borough. The school became New Jersey State Teachers College at Glassboro in 1937 and Glassboro State College in 1958. Starting in the 1970s, it expanded into a multi-purpose institution, adding programs in business, communications, and engineering.[25] Rowan Boulevard is a mixed-use development intended to provide a vibrant downtown district for Glassboro, incorporating university student life into its design, as part of an effort to accommodate a student body that is projected to grow to about 25,000 in 2023.[89]

The Glassboro Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's five schools had an enrollment of 1,730 students and 179.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 9.66:1.[81] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[82]) are Genesis Pre-School Program, J. Harvey Rodgers School[83] (354 students; grades PreK and kindergarten), Dorothy L. Bullock School[84] (361; 1-3), Thomas E. Bowe Elementary School[85] (335; 4-6), Glassboro Intermediate School[86] (NA; 7-8) and Glassboro High School[87] (498; 9-12).[88]

Education

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 53.0% of the vote (2,106 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 45.0% (1,786 votes), and other candidates with 2.0% (80 votes), among the 4,074 ballots cast by the borough's 10,838 registered voters (102 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.6%.[78][79] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 51.7% of the vote (2,198 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 39.0% (1,659 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.7% (287 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (29 votes), among the 4,255 ballots cast by the borough's 9,958 registered voters, yielding a 42.7% turnout.[80]

[77] In the

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 9,772 registered voters in Glassboro, of which 3,733 (38.2%) were registered as Democrats, 1,408 (14.4%) were registered as Republicans and 4,617 (47.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 14 voters registered to other parties.[73]

Politics

D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[59] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[60] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[61] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[62] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[63] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[64] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[65][66][67][68] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[69] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[70] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[71][72][67]

For the 2014–2015 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Stephen M. Sweeney (D, West Deptford Township) and in the General Assembly by John J. Burzichelli (D, Paulsboro) and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township).[56] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[57] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[58]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[52] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[53] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[54][55]

Glassboro is located in the 1st Congressional District[48] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[9][49][50] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Glassboro had been in the 4th state legislative district.[51]

Federal, state and county representation

Anna Miller was appointed by the borough council in March 2013 from among three candidates offered by the municipal Democratic committee to fill the vacant seat of George Cossabone.[46][47]

[45][44]

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