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Gol Gumbaz

Gol Gumbaz
ಗೋಲ ಗುಮ್ಮಟ
Gol Gumbaz
Coordinates
Location Bijapur, Karnataka, India
Designer Yaqut of Dabul
Type Mausoleum
Material dark grey basalt
Height 51 meter
Beginning date c. 1626
Completion date 1656
Dedicated to Mohammed Adil Shah
Variant Names Gol Gumbad
Gol Gumbaz is located in Karnataka
Gol Gumbaz
Location of Gol Gumbaz


Gol Gumbaz or Gol Gumbadh, from Persian گل گنبذ Gol Gombadh meaning "circular dome",[1] is the mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah, Sultan of Bijapur. The tomb, located in Bijapur, Karnataka in India, was completed in 1656 by the architect Yaqut of Dabul. Although "impressively simple in design", it is the "structural triumph of Deccan architecture".[2]

Contents

  • Architecture 1
  • Gallery 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Architecture

Plan of Gol Gumbaz

The structure is composed of a cube, 47.5 metres (156 ft) on each side, capped by a dome 44 m (144 ft) in external diameter. "Eight intersecting arches created by two rotated squares that create interlocking pendentives" support the dome. At each of the four corners of the cube, is a dome-capped octagonal tower seven stories high with a staircase inside.[2] The upper floor of each opens on to a round gallery which surrounds the dome. Inside the mausoleum hall, is a square podium with steps on each side. In the middle of the podium, a cenotaph slab on the ground marks the actual grave below, "the only instance of this practice" in the architecture of the Adil Shahi Dynasty. In the middle of the north side, "a large semi-octagonal bay" protrudes out.[2] With an area of 1,700 m2 (18,000 sq ft),[3] the mausoleum has one of the biggest single chamber spaces in the world.

Running around the inside of the dome is the "Whispering Gallery" where even the softest sound can be heard on the other side of the mausoleum due to the acoustics of the space.[3]

Gallery

Dome from the outside 
Dome with intersecting arches from the inside 
Whispering Gallery 
Carvings on the wall 
Gol Gumbaz c. 1860 
Gol Gumbaz - view from the entrance. 
One of the minars as viewed from the terrace. 
 
 
 

References

  1. ^ "Gumbad (Gumbad) meaning in English". Hinkoj.com. Hinkoj.com. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Michell, George; Zebrowski, Mark (1999). Architecture and Art of the Deccan Sultanates. The New Cambridge History of India I.8. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 92–4.  
  3. ^ a b Archaeological Survey of India (2011). "Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 

External links

  • Gol Gumbad on Archaeological Survey of India website
  • ArchNet digital library
  • The Institute of Oriental Culture, University of Tokyo, Tokyo
  • Listen to unique sound recordings in Gol Gumbad: acoustics described

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