World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Gordini

Gordini
Division
Industry Automotive
Founded 1946
Headquarters Les Ulis, France
Parent Renault Sport

Gordini (French pronunciation: ​) is a division of Renault Sport Technologies (Renault Sport).[1][2] In the past, it was a sports car manufacturer and performance tuner, established in 1946 by Amédée Gordini, nicknamed "Le Sorcier" (The Sorcerer). Gordini became a division of Renault in 1968 and of Renault Sport in 1976.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Models 2
  • Car colours 3
  • Formula One results 4
  • References 5

History

Gordini Type 32
1950 Simca Gordini T15s, as raced, and retired, at the 1950 24 Hours of Le Mans by José Froilán González and Juan Manuel Fangio

Amédée Gordini tuned cars and competed in motor races since the 1930s. His results made Simca (the French assembler of Fiat) to hire him for its motorsport programme and to develop road cars. Their association continued after World War II.[4]

In 1946, Gordini introduced the first cars named after him, Fiat-engined single-seaters raced by him and Jose Scaron, achieving several victories. In the late 1940s the company opened a workshop at the Boulevard Victor in Paris, entering into sportcar and Grand Prix races.[5] Gordini and Simca started to diverge in 1951 because of political conflicts.[4]

Gordini competed in Formula One from 1950 to 1956 (with a brief return in 1957 with an eight cylinders engine), although it achieved a major success in Formula Two during that period.[5]

After its Formula One programme ended Gordini worked with Renault as an engine tuner, entering Renault-Gordini cars at the 24 Hours of Le Mans between 1962 and 1969. It also tuned engines for Alpine, a rival sports car manufacturer also associated with Renault. In 1957, Gordini and Renault manufactured the Dauphine Gordini, a modified version of the Renault Dauphine which was a sales success.[6] Gordini-tuned Renault cars also won various rallies during the 1950s and 1960s.[7] In 1963, the Gordini company planned to move its headquarters to Noisy-le-Roi. At the end of 1968, Gordini retired and sold a 70% majority stake from his firm to Renault.[8] Renault-Gordini was moved to Viry-Châtillon in 1969 and became a sport division of Renault, before be merged with Alpine to form Renault Sport in 1976.[3] On 1 January 1976, René Vuaillat became director of Gordini.[9] The Gordini company name became wholly owned by Renault in 1977.[8]

Renault sold Gordini-badged performance versions of models including the Renault 5, the Renault 8 the Renault 12 and the Renault 17.

In November 2009, Renault announced that it would be reviving the Gordini name for an exclusive line of hot hatches, in a similar fashion to Fiat's revival of its Abarth name.[10] Modern models to bear the name include the Renault Twingo and the Renault Clio.

Models

Renault Twingo RS Gordini
Renault 8 Gordini
  • Dauphine Gordini (1957–1967)
  • Renault 8 Gordini (1964–1970)
  • Renault 12 Gordini (1970–1974)
  • Renault 17 Gordini (1974–1978)[11]
  • Clio Gordini RS (2010–present)
  • Twingo Gordini (2010–present)
  • Twingo Gordini RS (2010–present)
  • Wind Gordini (2011–2013)

Car colours

Since its early Renault models the most characteristic colour scheme of Gordini cars has been bleu de France (the French motor racing colour) with white stripes,[12] although different combinations have been used over the years.[13]

Formula One results

() (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)
Year Chassis Engine Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1950 Simca Gordini Type 15 Gordini Straight-4 GBR MON 500 SUI BEL FRA ITA
Robert Manzon Ret 4 Ret
Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret
1951 Simca Gordini Type 15 Gordini Straight-4 SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA ESP
André Simon Ret Ret 6 Ret
Robert Manzon Ret 7 Ret 9
Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret Ret Ret
Aldo Gordini Ret
1952 Gordini Type 16 Gordini Straight-6 SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR GER NED ITA
Robert Manzon Ret 3 4 Ret Ret 5 14
Jean Behra 3 Ret 7 5 Ret Ret
Johnny Claes 8
Prince Bira Ret 11
Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret 6 Ret
Simca Gordini Type 15 Simca Straight-4 Max de Terra Ret
Gordini Straight-4 Prince Bira Ret 10
Johnny Claes Ret 14 DNQ
Robert O'Brien NC
Maurice Trintignant 5
Paul Frère Ret
1953 Gordini Type 16 Gordini Straight-6 ARG 500 NED BEL FRA GBR GER SUI ITA
Jean Behra 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret
Maurice Trintignant 7† 6 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5
Harry Schell 7† Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9
Robert Manzon Ret
Carlos Menditeguy Ret
Roberto Mieres NC Ret 6
Fred Wacker 9
Simca Gordini Type 15 Gordini Straight-4 Pablo Birger Ret
Georges Berger Ret
1954 Gordini Type 16 Gordini Straight-6 ARG 500 BEL FRA GBR GER SUI ITA ESP
Jean Behra DSQ Ret 6 Ret 10 Ret Ret Ret
Élie Bayol 5
Roger Loyer Ret
Paul Frère Ret Ret Ret
André Pilette 5 9 Ret
Jacques Pollet Ret Ret
Georges Berger Ret
Clemar Bucci Ret Ret Ret Ret
Fred Wacker Ret 6
1955 Gordini Type 16 Gordini Straight-6 ARG MON 500 BEL NED GBR ITA
Élie Bayol Ret Ret
Jesus Iglesias Ret
Pablo Birger Ret
Robert Manzon Ret Ret Ret
Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret
Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret
Mike Sparken 7
Jean Lucas Ret
1956 Gordini Type 32 Gordini Straight-8 ARG MON 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA
André Pilette 6† DNS
Élie Bayol 6†
Robert Manzon 9 9 Ret Ret
Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret
Andre Milhoux Ret
Gordini Type 16 Gordini Straight-6 Hermano da Silva Ramos 5
Robert Manzon Ret
André Pilette 11
André Simon 9

(† indicates shared drive)

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^ Cléon - Association RENAULT HISTOIRE sur Association RENAULT HISTOIRE
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.